Device Manager. a special utility that is part of Windows, designed to manage computer devices, as well as monitor their status.
Read more about how to use the Windows device manager here.
What is Windows Device Manager
Windows device manager Is a utility built into Windows that performs the functions of a kind “control point” devices that make up the computer. It is present in all versions of Windows and externally is a list of devices (see image below).
The device manager allows you to get information about the name and some characteristics of the central processor, card, sound card, network adapter, hard drives and other computer devices, monitor the status of their use, find out about possible problems in their work, update software (drivers) for them, and even temporarily disable some of them.
Devices in the dispatcher are organized into sections. To open a section, just double-click on it with the left mouse button.
How to open Windows device manager
There are several ways to open Windows Device Manager:
Universal way (works in all versions of Windows):
on the keyboard, press the Win button (indicated by the Windows logo, located in the near left corner of the keyboard between the Ctrl and Alt buttons) and, without releasing it, press the R button once (in the Russian layout K). After that, release the Win button;
in the window that appears, print or copy the word devmgmt.msc from this page
click on the icon “My computer”located on the desktop or in the menu “Start”, and in the context menu that opens, select “The properties”;
in the window that appears, go to the tab “Equipment” and click on the button “device Manager”.
Method for Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8:
right click on the icon “A computer” (“This computer”) located on the desktop or in the menu “Start”, in the context menu that appears, select “The properties”;
in the upper left corner of the window that opens, click on the item “device Manager”
Another way for Windows 8: right-click on the menu button “Start” (in the lower left corner of the screen) and in the context menu that appears, select “device Manager”
Configuring computer devices using the Manager
Windows Device Manager allows you to solve the following main goals:
1. Get information about any computer device.
It is enough to open the section to which this device belongs. For example, to find out the name of the computer’s card, you need to open the Manager section with the name “adapters”by double-clicking on it with the left mouse button.
To get more detailed information about the device, you need to right-click on it once and select the item in the context menu “The properties”;
2. Get information about device problems.
Usually, “problematic” devices in the Dispatcher are indicated by special icons (red X, question mark, exclamation mark, etc.) and they are visible immediately after the Dispatcher opens;
3. Install the device driver.
To install the device driver, right-click on it and select “Update drivers.”, and then specify the path to the folder with driver files. Read more about what a driver is and how to install it, read here;
4. Reinstall device driver.
It happens that certain computer devices stop working correctly (for example, if a sound card malfunctions, the sound disappears). Often such problems are solved by reinstalling the driver. It is necessary in the device manager to right-click on the problem device (in our example, a sound card) and select “Delete”. After the device disappears from the list, click on the section in the Manager menu “Act” and select item “Update hardware configuration”;
5. Disconnect device.
You must right-click on the device and select “Disable”. At any time, a disabled device can be turned on by right-clicking on it in the Device Manager and selecting “To engage”.
Disabling temporarily unused devices is advisable, for example, in laptops. This reduces battery consumption.
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