What Is The Global Version Of Xiaomi Phone
How to distinguish the global version of Xiaomi from the Chinese
In smartphones Xiaomi, which are produced for the domestic market, a special firmware is installed that does not support the Russian language. This is not a problem, since the phone can always be flashed to the desired firmware. But, using a Chinese phone in the CIS countries most likely will not work due to the lack of support for the required communication standards. And that’s not all the differences between the global and Chinese versions. Therefore, let’s figure out how to distinguish the global version of the Xiaomi phone from the Chinese one.
What does the global version of Xiaomi phone mean
The global version of the phone is also manufactured in China, but calculated for use in European countries. The smartphone comes with a power supply unit with a European plug, as well as instructions in English. The device can work immediately without the need to install third-party firmware and add Russian language patches. The shell has already built the necessary Google services and removed applications intended exclusively for China and India.
As for the Global ROM version, this is an ordinary Chinese smartphone, flashed to the global firmware by the seller himself. Although it will work in the CIS countries, due to the unlocked bootloader, it will not be possible to fully use the capabilities of NFC. It is important to understand these differences and not fall for the tricks of unscrupulous sellers.
What is the difference between the Chinese version of Xiaomi and the global one
There are not as many differences between the Chinese version of Xiaomi and the global version as it seems. When inspecting the packaging of a smartphone or other device, please note that it has a special sticker located on the side of the box.
By the way, in the latest versions of smartphones, such a designation was abandoned, so you should pay attention to the back of the package. On the box with the global version of the phone, the information will be indicated exclusively in English. The same applies to the fitness bracelet Mi Band, smart vacuum cleaner and other devices.
But, the easiest way to understand which version of the smartphone you are using is by looking at its back cover. According to EU standards, the country of manufacture of the phone must be written there, as well as the “CE” icon and a crossed-out bin. In the Chinese version, nothing of the kind, except for the name of the manufacturer, will be.
Also, the difference lies in the presence of the MEID in the Chinese version. As you know, in Europe, IMEI is used instead, so you can determine the origin of the phone through the settings. Let’s open them, and then follow the recommendations of the instructions:
- We go to the section “About phone” or “My device”.
- Open the “General Information” tab.
- Go to the subcategory “Information about IMEI”.
- Here we check for the presence of the MEID. If there is one, then you have a Chinese version of your smartphone.
Also, the difference lies in the configuration of the device, namely in the charger unit. In the global version, it comes with a European plug, and in the Chinese version it comes with an adapter, which is often reported by the sellers themselves. You can also pay attention to the instruction manual for the smartphone. If the phone is for the Chinese market, then the user manual will also be in Chinese.
This is where the possible differences end, except for the fact that the CN version of the phone has Chinese firmware installed by default and there are no Google services.
Which is better than the global version of Xiaomi or the Chinese
Each person independently decides which version of the Xiaomi device to buy: Chinese or global. But if we are talking about phones, and you live in the territory of the CIS countries, then it is better to stop at the Global Version. Yes, it will cost a little more, but it will definitely contain the necessary communication frequencies, a locked bootloader, Google services and global firmware.
But where you don’t need to pay attention to the version is when buying a Mi Band fitness bracelet, vacuum cleaner or headphones. After pairing with a smartphone and installing the corresponding application, the device will automatically change the language to the desired one. There will be no differences in the process of work, and you will be able to save a few dollars.
Thus, the main differences between the global and the Chinese version of Xiaomi are in the packaging, charger box and instructions. And in the case of the phone, the firmware, the supported communication frequencies and the designations on the back cover of the device are added.
Global version (Global, EU, Eurotest, CE)
Such marking is given to devices that are intended for the international market. For example, smartphones come with the same components and may differ in the EU and UK plug. Different countries have their own power grid standards. EU Plug is a familiar Euro plug for Russians, which does not require any adapters. Rarely seen US (US) and AU (Australia) plugs.
The operating system of the device is preinstalled with Google services and support for the Russian language. I would like to add, if earlier Xiaomi released one and the same firmware for all global devices, now the manufacturer has begun to release different firmware.
Samsung has a slightly different situation, for example: for the American market, Korean smartphones come with Qualcomm Snapdragon processors, and for all other markets already with Exynos chips.
The boxed manual for the global version is usually provided in the language of the country for which the device is intended.
The most important feature of the Global version of the smartphone is the device’s operation in all ranges of cellular networks, in contrast to the Chinese version, which have restrictions.
Global Stable Feature
The firmware is installed on smartphones that are to be sold outside the People’s Republic of China. All versions of the MIUI shell have proprietary Google Play applications installed, and Chinese programs are completely absent.
The advantage of the version is the presence of a literary translation into all languages, including Russian. The translation is of high quality, so the likelihood of “crooked” phrases is excluded.
Sizes of global firmware
It is customary to distinguish only two size ranges of existing firmware:
- Full (Full ROM). A complete customized package that is most often installed the first time you use the gadget. It contains all the necessary programs and applications that you need to work with the device. As a rule, the weight of such a package is no more than 2 GB.
- Update (Incremental ROM). As the name implies, such firmware is focused exclusively on new services, applications and bug fixes from previous versions. It is important to note that due to its low weight (up to 200MB), almost every smartphone has technical support for such a package.
Russian version (Rostest, PCT, EAC)
Any device supplied because of the “bump”, for example: a smartphone, wearable electronics and another type of gadget, undergo mandatory certification for the Russian Federation, receiving the Rostest mark or, in a new way, “EAC”. In fact, this is the same global version with the Euro plug, plus all the documentation in Russian.
The EAC mark. Aka Rostest, is printed on the device itself and on the packaging box. The main and only plus of such certification is warranty repair at any authorized service center in Russia. Do not forget, you need to pay for services, and the buyer gets an increase in the cost of the gadget 15-20%.
Chinese version (China, CN)
As you already understood from the title of the title, such markings are placed on smartphones only for the Chinese market. The firmware (China ROM) of the gadget contains only two languages: Chinese and English. In addition, the Chinese version does not have pre-installed programs from Google, including the Play Store. In order to install these services, you need a little skills in obtaining root rights for an Android device.
In some cases, it happens when a global version of the firmware is installed on a Chinese device. Accordingly, the list of supported languages increases, including Russian. For example, in a Xiaomi (CN) smartphone, before installing the Global ROM, the vendor or service center will unlock the bootloader. After that, they already boldly install the firmware.
Do not forget that the devices manufactured for the Chinese market support LTE frequencies according to the Band 1, 3, 5 and 7 standard, and for European countries the Band 1, 3, 5, 7, 20, 38, 39, 40, 41 standard is required. The B20 standard serves as an auxiliary one, for a metropolis it is not particularly important, but in small cities and in sparsely populated areas it will be necessary. The absence of these bands in a smartphone may affect the signal strength of the cellular network or a complete loss of connection.
A small clarification, if you buy a Chinese device even with a global firmware version (Global ROM), then the smartphone will still not support the B20 standard. The GSM module does not physically support these bands.
Types of firmware, given the origin
The initial firmware has two options: standard (China ROM, two languages available: Chinese and English) and global (Global ROM, available for use in many languages of the world).
If you buy a smartphone for the international market, you will receive a standard charger in the kit. With a European plug. And if you decide to buy a mobile phone for the Chinese market, then you will find the appropriate charger. Suitable for local electrical networks. True, with an adapter for European sockets, one cannot but pay tribute to Xiaomi.
How to find out the firmware
The global firmware is marked with the letters “MI” and the name “Global”. To check it, select the “About phone” menu item and the “MIUI version” section. In the name of the global modification there are no letters “CN”, in the Chinese. They are always indicated.
Differences between the Global (international) version
Global Version, EU, International Version. What does all of this mean?
There is no secret here. Xiaomi produces devices for both the domestic market and the global one. Devices for the global market, i.E. Countries other than China, have the prefix EU or Global Version. By the way, you can see the last inscription on the packaging of the device. Of course, if the smartphone is intended, for example, for the European market.
How else are the devices different? Obviously, not only by the inscription. Indeed, there are differences, but there are still not so many of them.
The packaging of the version for the domestic market has hieroglyphs, while the version for the global market has inscriptions in Latin.
The same applies to the instructions that are inside the package.
Charger for EU. With Euro plug, or UK.England.
There are some differences in the frequency range.
Some smartphones of the Chinese modification may not work in LTE Band 20 and Band 4 networks, which are common in some regions of the Russian Federation and Europe. For everyone else, if there is a global firmware, there will be absolutely no difference between the “European” and “Chinese” versions of the smartphone. In most cases, this is irrelevant for the user. To date, these frequencies are not used in Belarus.
There are no differences in the software, the firmware is the same, provided that Global stable is installed, namely this is pre-installed in the smartphones we sell
Read more about the types of firmware.
How MIUI firmware is divided by region?
First of all, let’s divide the MIUI firmware by region. Everything is very SIMple here.
Two versions are officially released:
- For the domestic market, it is also Anglo-Chinese. China ROM;
- For the international market, global. Global ROM.
These are two basic versions of MIUI firmware, on the basis of which custom firmwares are created. Further, a little more detail about each of the two.
MIUI Global ROM (Global ROM)
This firmware is for smartphones and tablets that are manufactured outside of China. The international version of MIUI already has pre-installed apps and services from Google. There is a choice of languages here, including Russian.
MIUI China ROM
This version is released exclusively for smartphones sold in the domestic market. The firmware has 2 pre-installed languages - Chinese and English, there are also no Google services and software that works only in China is installed.
How MIUI firmware differ by type?
So far, everything seems very SIMple, however MIUI is also divided according to its type:
- MIUI Developer ROM. For developers, MIUI beta;
- MIUI Stable ROM. Stable firmware version;
- MIUI Ported ROM. These are unofficial versions of MIUI firmware, supported by developers in local markets;
- Self-made firmware based on MIUI. The same custom ones, but often their “creators” are unknown;
- Regional MIUI firmware. Usually released for models that support a specific type of mobile connection.
- MIUI Developer ROM
These firmwares are officially released by Xiaomi developers. Initially, such assemblies are intended for more advanced users who need to be the first to get access to new functions of the operating system. The Developer ROM is designed for testing innovations and it often contains various flaws.
That is why updates appear weekly on Fridays (excluding holidays). As soon as errors are found, they are quickly eliminated and the next version of MIUI usually does not have any previously identified flaws.
Calculating firmware for developers is very easy. Even by name. For example, if you see that the assembly is called MIUI 8 7.21.4, then it was released on April 21, 2017.
MIUI Stable ROM
With these firmware versions, everything is much easier. They are also released by the Xiaomi development team, however, these builds are official, stable, tested, with fully functional functions and without obvious glitches that are eliminated in developer builds.
You can safely install such firmware on your phone, but you will not be among the first to get access to the innovations. The choice was made in favor of stability. Stable ROM firmware updates without a specific schedule, so you may see an update every couple of weeks or not get anything new for months.
MIUI Ported ROM
This type of MIUI firmware includes most custom assemblies, of course, they are all unofficial. You can often come across such firmware for one main reason. Outside of China, Xiaomi smartphones usually install localized versions of MIUI collected by third-party developers.
We also refer to this type of firmware as high-quality assemblies of enthusiasts who port MIUI to devices from other manufacturers besides Xiaomi.
Basically, Ported ROM MIUI is built on the basis of a stable version of the firmware, or on a developer’s version with the elimination of bugs. Often these custom builds are updated on a specific schedule, but the installation will be done manually.
Custom low-quality builds of MIUI
Still, it is necessary to single out a separate subtype from the general picture of MIUI custom firmwares. Self-made assemblies that pop up on “gray” Xiaomi smartphones. Often, such firmwares have a terrible translation, terrible optimization and there are uncorrected bugs.
If this is the first time you encountered MIUI firmware of this type, then the impression of the operating system and the phone as a whole will surely be spoiled for a long time. Never use builds like this.
Regional MIUI ROM / Other versions
These are far from the most common types of MIUI firmware. We noted above that these are mainly regional localized assemblies intended for a specific type of mobile communication or for a specific operator. The most famous firmware WCDMA ROM MIUI and TD ROM. The first will work on models only with support for 3G WCDMA communication (more or less common), and the second. Only in the domestic market of China.
We can also divide MIUI firmware according to the SIMplest criterion. By size.
Full ROM is a full-fledged version of the firmware that you can safely install from scratch on your smartphone. Often, installing such an assembly will fix all errors and other problems that could not be dealt with in other ways. Such a MIUI package offers all the necessary services, which is why the firmware file will not weigh so little. Up to 2 GB.
The Incremental ROM is just an addition to the firmware, updating it with the necessary fixes. Often you can get them via OTA (downloading via Wi-Fi) if you have the official MIUI firmware installed. Stable or for developers. These updates are small. From 20 to 200 MB.
And in conclusion, we note the implicit division of MIUI firmware according to the update method. By OTA or manually.
Any official MIUI firmware has the ability to get an update over the air at any time, but only if you have not manually changed anything in the system files. Because of this, there may be a problem with the OTA update. We’ll have to fix the problem manually. By installing the assembly, which can always be downloaded on the official Xiaomi MIUI forum.
MIUI custom builds rarely have the ability to update over the air, so they are usually installed manually. To do this, you will have to unlock the bootloader, which has been officially locked for some time now.
How to find the firmware on Xiaomi?
To find out the firmware version installed on your smartphone, you need to go to the system settings and select the lowest item. “About phone”.
How to find out the firmware version on Xiaomi
In the window that opens, technical information about the system will be displayed, including the firmware version.
The differences begin with the packaging of the device. The design of the international version of Xiaomi does not contain any hieroglyphs or inscriptions in the language of the Middle Kingdom on the box. All definitions, descriptions and recommendations are in English. A very important point is the sticker on the GlobalVersion box: it should be red. The Asian variety is devoid of such a label, and all inscriptions contain hieroglyphs. They are also depicted on the shipping films glued to the device. Individual models differ in the design of the boxes.
The back panel of the device, made for Western users, has the inscription “Made in China”, or “Made in India”, model number, Xiaomi logo. There is also an image of a crossed-out bin, indicating the impossibility of normal disposal, due to the presence of a battery. The letters “CE”, located there, indicate full compliance with all required standards, certification. The Asian counterpart, as a rule, does not contain the model number and any letters, only the company logo is present. The version from Rostest is completed with instructions in Russian.
Rostest firmware is a product certified by Eurotest and Rostest. This modification is SIMilar to the Global version, its operation is possible almost all over the world. The Rostest version is multilingual and supports Google services, besides, it has a rather significant advantage. The owner of the device equipped with this option has the opportunity to repair his gadget throughout the warranty period in official service centers throughout Russia. Global version or Global ROM will not be able to boast such an advantage. In general terms, the purchase of Rostest is the same if you bought the device at a cheaper price in Europe, but in the case of warranty service, the user would have to go to repair the device back to this country, or for money at home. By giving preference to Rostest, you get free warranty service, without the need to go anywhere.
What versions of Xiaomi smartphones are there?
To prevent resellers from sweeping all the devices off the shelves, thereby causing a shortage, there is a division into eu or global, Indian, Chinese or cn firmware. In addition, the law of the PRC prohibits many Western resources, so Ukrainian, Russian and other European buyers may have problems with a phone purchased in the Middle Kingdom.
After entering the international market, there was a clear separation of the global version from the Chinese one. The main differences are in the name and software. Chinese models do not have many European languages, only English, and instead of Google services, local resources. They also have a different modem frequency standard, LTE Band 20 is not used there. The frequencies of cellular networks in the PRC vary: standart TD-SCDMA is widely popular, which is not used in other countries, and LTE operates in other bands.
Due to the fact that devices for the PRC and for export need to be produced slightly different, the company is not interested in selling significant technical modifications in the foreign market. Within a few hours after the release of the new item, it will be bought out by resellers and there will be a shortage of the model in the Middle Kingdom. Because of this, potential buyers will purchase devices from a different brand. In an effort to maintain sales and a good name at the proper level, the company practices various methods of protecting devices.
Let’s take a closer look at what the global version is and how it differs from other options.
The main differences between the global and the Chinese version of Xiaomi
In operation, the Chinese version brings a lot of discomfort to the user from Europe. First of all, this firmware does not support languages other than Chinese characters and English. Using the Locale tool it is possible to add Russian, but it will not function fully.
Due to the ban on all Google services, devices for the Asian market do not contain the prudently installed original software. All the necessary applications like YouTube, Google maps, mail, and others will need to be downloaded to the gadget with your own hand. In addition to software differences, there are hardware differences. Operators of the Celestial Empire do not use the LTE 800 band, which means that many xiaomi, redmi and other models of this brand do not support the band20.
Previously, it was possible to reflash the Asian version to the global one in a few clicks, now for this purpose it is necessary to unlock the bootloader. Of course, this operation is completely SIMple, but you need to wait at least 360 hours. Failure to observe all safety precautions may cause the machine to break.
On sale, you can often find products with the Global ROM label. The selling side emphasizes the presence of all Google services, which are regularly updated, multilingual support. It may seem like a true international variety, but it is not: there is a big difference between globalrom and globalversion. The fact is that globalrom is a self-flashed Asian model. In terms of software, it does not differ in any way from its European version, the differences exist in the hardware aspect.
There are several guidelines for distinguishing Western from Asian and getting the right smartphone.
Any difference between the global version and the Chinese one will always be an incentive for a European to choose the first one. The country of origin of these devices on globalrom is China: all the inscriptions on the box, factory film, back panel will be in the form of hieroglyphs. The main difference between the Asian version and the international one is the price. This firmware of xiaomi smartphone is much cheaper than devices on globalversion. The phone does not support google services. Also, a significant difference with the global, multilingual firmware is that only Chinese and English are installed.
How to find out your Xiaomi firmware version
Global Version and Global ROM, in turn, are divided into varieties:
Stable ROM. As the name suggests, this modification is stable. When you buy a gadget at an official outlet, you will receive exactly this. This firmware contains a minimum number of bugs, in operation it is quite stable and constant, as well as possible, suitable for installation if the user does not want to have unnecessary problems with the smartphone. They differ in a rather rare release and updates. The title contains the word Stable and four digits representing the version.
Ported ROM is an unofficial version of the firmware. It was developed and released by people not directly related to Xiaomi. But this does not make it of poor quality or bad, it basically functions reliably and stably. In addition, such employees carry out the localization of versions for implementation in China for introduction to the international market. Reveal them, perhaps when you turn on the smartphone, each organization has its own logo displayed at boot time. Each team has its own product release schedule.
Developer ROM. This product is intended for developers. It contains the latest functional resources that users have not yet seen. Also, I must say, there are many bugs and unfinished software. The name is composed of the date: year, day, month of the release of the modification. For example, MIUI9 7.11.9, informs the consumer that the products were released in 2017 on November 9.
In addition to all of the above, there are copyright and self-made firmware. The first thing to know about upgrades is that they were created by one person. They added or removed what the author deemed necessary. They must be installed very carefully, because it is not known what was the main goal of the creator. Self-made ones also belong to the author’s options, but their quality is far from ideal, if not disgusting.
Also, firmwares are divided by size. There is a Full ROM that is perfect for a smartphone from scratch. It contains all the resources and services required for correct and fast work. The size of this version is quite large: it can weigh about 2 gigabytes. Incremental ROMs usually weigh a little, from 20 to 200 megabytes. This is just an incremental update aimed at fixing flaws in the modification.
Each official version receives the necessary updates over the air, of course, if the user has not changed anything in the system. In order to find out your version installed on the phone, you need to open the system settings, then select the “about phone” section. You will see a window that will provide information about the system of the device and its firmware version.
The global version is designed primarily for consumers in European countries and the American continent. What does eu or European firmware mean on Xiaomi smartphones? It provides the necessary Google services and multilingual support. A user from Russia does not need to change the firmware on his own, install patches in Russian. As soon as the device is launched for the first time, it will automatically offer to select the desired language. The interface of the device of any model is provided with a high-quality translation, it does not contain incomprehensible hieroglyphs, Chinese software.
In addition, the global firmware supports more lte bands, although this may mean little to the average consumer. It is much more important to work with territorial mobile operators, the speed is 4g and more. That is why many people prefer the official EU, rather than the Asian version of Xiaomi.
Power supply and plug
MIUI version code. IMEI and Authentication
The CDMA network is widespread in China. This assumes in the Asian modification the presence of MEID. IMEI, a specialized identifier used in 3G networks using CDMA. Global modification does not have it. You can determine the presence of MEID by looking at the device settings. You need to open the section “about the phone“, then find “general information” and check if there is a letter combination meid near the IMEI. Its presence means that this is an Asian variety. The absence determines the global variant.
To avoid unnecessary worries and problems, it is worth purchasing the official GlobalVersion. This variation works great with all Russian and Western mobile operators, does not require any additional manipulations and supports LTE b20.
The purchase of an Asian modification also has its advantages. Its cost is slightly lower, in addition, it will suit consumers from Ukraine, since there is no LTE b20 there. In addition, they can perfectly function in cdma networks.
It makes sense to choose the variation for the PRC to use if all these differences are not very important to you. You are fully aware of your actions, you do not need a Russian-language menu.