Causes of pneumonia
Pneumonia in turtles is a consequence of penetration into the lungs of an infectious pathogen. This can occur both inside the body, for example, in the process of blood poisoning (sepsis), and from the external environment. As a result, an inflammatory process begins in the lung tissues, leading to a change in their density and fluid accumulation.
Tympanum in a young tortoise at a young age usually develops due to a lack of calcium in the diet. This, in turn, leads to dynamic intestinal obstruction. What does it mean? Calcium ions allow the intestinal muscles to contract normally. And without them, this function is disrupted, and the intestines of the amphibian are full of gases.
Against the background of a lack of calcium in the blood, severe spasms of the sphincter and intestines can occur.
The next cause of tympanum in the red-eared turtle is overfeeding against the background of sluggish activity of the gastrointestinal tract.
The presence of a foreign body in the rectum or sphincter.
Symptoms of tympanum (pneumonia)
breathing through an ajar mouth;
mucous discharge from the oral and nasal openings;
falling on one side while swimming.
Studies to determine tympany
To accurately determine the disease, the turtle must be shown to a veterinarian. He will analyze the symptoms, prescribe and conduct the necessary clinical examinations.
If we talk about the anamnesis, then the tympanum of the red-eared tortoise, in addition to the symptoms listed above, can be expressed in raising the back of the body due to bloating, stretching the neck. There is also swelling of the skin in the groin, armpits and neck, due to which the turtle cannot remove its head and legs under the carapace.
In the hospital, a tortoise is undergoing x-ray examination. It allows you to verify the presence of an excessive accumulation of gases in the intestine. Radiography for pneumonia is not done for red-eared turtles, since the small weight of the animals does not allow this analysis to be done qualitatively and reliably.
Suspicion of tympanum in the rubella tortoise requires a cytological examination of the discharge from the mouth and nose. The diagnosis will confirm the presence in the smear of the non-keratinized epithelium of the esophagus and stomach. With pneumonia, the turtle will find the epithelium of the lung tissue, as well as bacteria in large quantities.
If, in the presence of a number of symptoms of the disease, the turtle is active and eats with pleasure, first put it on a hungry diet for 3 days.
The drug treatment of tympanum in the rubella tortoise boils down, first of all, to injections of calcium borgluconate 20%. Dosage: 1 ml per 1 kg of animal weight. If the pharmacy turned out to be only 10% calcium gluconate, then the dosage is 2 ml per 1 kg of weight. The drug is administered every other day 5-7 times. 1 ml or 2 ml syringes are used.
To remove the swelling, use the children’s Espumisan. It is diluted with water 1: 3 and injected into the stomach using a probe (a special tube, which is sold in a regular pharmacy). The procedure is also repeated every other day 4-5 times.
You can still make a single injection of "Eleovita." Dosage: 0.6 ml. per 1 kg.
In cases where it is not possible to accurately diagnose, and the symptoms speak of both tympanum and pneumonia, a red-eared turtle is prescribed treatment for both diseases.