Trachemys, or yellow-bellied, turtle is the most common species of exotic reptile. Her popularity is ensured by her unique appearance. Often the owners do not know the rules for caring for their pets, which leads to illness and the subsequent death of these beautiful creatures. To avoid the sad consequences, you should carefully study the characteristics of the residence of the red-eared turtle at home.
Red-eared, or yellow-bellied, turtle is the most common species of exotic reptile
In the wild, exotic reptiles are common in the USA, Mexico, all of Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, Great Britain, Spain, Israel, South Africa, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Australia. This species of freshwater turtles got its name due to the clearly distinguishable red or orange strip located in the area of the eyes and neck.
The top of the shell of a red-eared turtle (carapace) is distinguished by an olive color with black and yellow lines. It is smooth to the touch. The lower part of the shell (plastron) in young animals is green, but with age it begins to darken.
The reptile is medium in size, its carapace is from eighteen to thirty centimeters in length. Females are larger than males in size. Representatives of this species have a well-developed sense of smell and vision, which compensate for weak hearing. Also, animals have weak vocal cords, however this does not prevent small reptiles from sometimes hissing, snorting and squeaking.
The average life expectancy is twenty-five years, but there are also long-livers who can overcome the half-century boundary. In many respects, it depends on the correctness of keeping the red-eared turtles at home.
Turtles spend time in a leisurely swim, which is interrupted by a long rest on land.
When buying a pet, you should ask the seller for a cash receipt. It can be useful if the animal is sick and has to be returned. Also, a check may be needed in case of crossing the state border.
When buying a turtle, you must definitely keep a check
The best time of year to buy red-eared turtles is the beginning of spring. After the acquisition, the baby will have a warm time ahead for easy adaptation. This process slows down significantly when buying a pet in the cold season. In addition, in the fall or winter, the fragile body of the animal becomes much more sensitive to infections and other diseases. When acquiring small red-eared turtles, special attention should be paid to the following nuances:
- The shell and skin of the animal must be free of visible damage, stains and scratches.
- You should pay attention to the natural activity of an exotic baby, indicating her good health.
- The eyes of a healthy turtle should open normally and be without visible clouding. Also, they should not be sunken.
- No discharge from the nose. The animal’s mouth should be examined for white plaque, wounds or abrasions.
The owner should worry about the comfortable life of the turtle at home. This applies primarily to the housing of an exotic beauty. To make a comfortable house for her, you must purchase:
Often, future owners prefer not to bother with all the recommendations. In addition, they know a little about the care and maintenance of the red-eared turtle. The result of such irresponsibility is often the disease or death of the pet.
Proper arrangement of the coastal area is vital for the animal. In vivo, turtles get out of the water to keep warm.
The achievement of an ambient temperature of 30–35 ° C is made possible thanks to a special lamp, which should be located near the animal. But it should be borne in mind that too close a heat source can cause burns.
The lamp must be isolated from water. The tortoise will certainly dive, and splashing onto the base can damage the device. For this reason, the luminaire should be completely isolated from vapors and splashes. The duration of his work during the day should be 10-12 hours.
For proper care of the rubella tortoise at home, you must have an ultraviolet lamp that provides stable absorption of calcium and B vitamins. This process is required for the proper development of the carapace of the pet. In case of violation of the assimilation of the necessary substances, the animal can get rickets, which will lead to a curvature of its carapace.
The lamp should be placed directly above the turtle so that the walls of the aquarium do not delay the penetration of ultraviolet rays. The operating time of the device should be about twelve hours daily.
An ultraviolet lamp provides stable absorption of calcium and B vitamins
To keep the red-eared turtle at home, special attention should be paid to clean water. Exotic reptiles spend most of the time in it: they sleep, eat, and relieve their natural needs.
Dirty water can become a source of disease and infection. In addition, a specific smell appears from her in the apartment. Partly change the water once or twice a week. Its complete replacement is carried out once a month with the obligatory thorough cleaning of the walls. In this case, it is necessary to take out the entire contents of the aquarium, and transfer the turtle to a tank filled with water.
Dirty water in the aquarium can become a source of disease and infection in the rubella tortoise
This process can be simplified by installing filtration equipment. The internal filter is not powerful enough, so you still have to change the water, albeit not so often. An external filter will perfectly solve the problem of cleaning, but not for everyone because of the high price.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium should be 22–28 ° C. You need to measure it with a thermometer. If the temperature drops, the water should be heated with a heater. Before serving water to the aquarium, it should be allowed to stand for one to five days. Thanks to this, it will be cleaned of chlorine and other harmful compounds.
In the process of caring for the red-eared turtle, it should be remembered that the water level in the aquarium must be such that the animal can roll over if it suddenly appears on its back. However, the depth can not be made too large, otherwise the turtle will not be able to get to the shore or islet.
To fully understand how to care for the red-eared tortoise, the necessary composition of the products should be clarified. Exotic reptile is an omnivorous predator. At a young age, turtles mainly eat animal food. With age, the proportion of plant products in their menu increases. The diet should include the following set of products:
- low-fat river fish;
- beef liver or heart;
- frogs, mice, snails of small sizes;
- lettuce or carrots;
- small insects (crickets, earthworms, locusts, wood lice, bloodworms);
- clover, duckweed, hornwort, mallow, dandelion leaves.
Before the tortoise reaches one year of age, it must be fed once a day. After a year, feeding should be done every 2-3 days.
Exotic reptile is an omnivorous predator. At a young age, turtles mainly eat animal food.
It is very important to remember the prohibited products for them during the care and maintenance of red-eared turtles.. These include:
- chicken and pork;
- any finished meat products;
- oily fish;
When a small turtle appears in the aquarium, it should be surrounded with maximum care and attention. If you inattentively treat a gentle creature, it may die.. There are several recommendations on how to care for the little red-eared tortoise:
- It is not recommended to take babies in their arms. Stressful situations for them can result in illness and death.
- Do not stand above the aquarium or tap on its glass.
- Do not leave the aquarium in the sun or in a draft.
- Water temperature for babies should be 26–27 ° C, air temperature – 32 ° C.
- Water must be replaced every two days.
- You should saturate the body of the turtle with calcium.
- You can not keep kids and adults together.
It must be remembered that many possible health problems in the Red-eared Turtle can be avoided. If you adhere to the recommendations, pRecreational creation will please the owner for more than a dozen years.