Red-eared turtle. reptile belonging to the reptile class (subclass. anapsids, squad. turtles). However, some scientists distinguish the red-eared turtle into a separate class of parareptiles for the reason that they have little in common with other reptiles.
For more than one thousand years, humanity has been interested in turtles; in some countries they are revered and considered sacred animals, and in others. they are eaten and made by shell souvenirs. It is not surprising that some people formed a completely misconception about turtles and their lives. Therefore, we want to introduce and interest you in these wonderful reptiles.
Where do the red-eared turtles live?
In nature, the habitat of the American Red-eared Turtle extends from the north of the USA to the south of Canada. The Red-eared Turtle Distribution Center is located in the Gulf of Mexico, from Texas to Florida. In this region, not only the majority of species of red-eared turtles live, but other species are also found that are also considered in the article.
Red-eared turtle. bright representative of freshwater decorated turtles. These are very beautiful reptiles. Their head and neck are decorated with various patterns of stripes and specks. On average, the carapace of these reptiles can reach 40 cm. These turtles became rubella thanks to two characteristic red spots on the head behind the eyes. These reptiles attract the attention of a huge number of people, otherwise, how can one explain the fact that every year millions of people become owners of these funny animals.
Care and maintenance of the Red-eared Turtle
For the red-eared turtle, it is necessary to create safe living conditions both inside and outside the house. The owner should equip an appropriate habitat with high-quality lighting and heating for the cold season. Walking areas should be made in such a way that the red-eared turtle would not be able to get out of its limits, and various predators would not enter its territory.
It is preferable to take a turtle that was born in captivity, and not caught in the wild. Turtles taken from the natural habitat are stressed, so they are much more likely to get sick. Remember that Red-eared turtle in appearance it may seem completely healthy, but her body may already be infected with a serious illness or infected with parasites and in the near future it will be necessary to undergo a course of treatment with a veterinarian.
How to determine the sex of a turtle
One of the most difficult questions for the average person related to turtles. as determine the gender of the turtle. In fact, there are many external signs that make it possible to distinguish between the sex of a turtle. Remember that until the animal reaches puberty, determine tortoise floor very difficult, almost impossible. Therefore, be prepared for various kinds of “surprises”.
The male red-eared turtle has a much longer tail than females. If the underside of the carapace is concave inwards, then you are probably a male. If it is completely flat, this suggests that the turtle is female. In addition, in the male, the rear end of the plastron has a more pronounced “V” shape, while in females it has a more rounded shape.
How to equip a terrarium for a red-eared turtle
Once we made recommendations for those involved in aquariums and terrariums in the form of peculiar “commandments of the terrarium”. In this article, we will dwell in more detail on terrariums for turtles. The rubella tortoise spends most of its life on land, but this does not prevent it from swimming well. They feed mainly in water. For contents of the red-eared turtle A suitable terrarium will be required. Terrarium for turtles should be glass, not plexiglass because of its low practicality. the turtle can easily scratch it with its claws.
The soil is carefully laid at the bottom of the terrarium, it is also advisable to put large stones so that the turtle can sit on them and bask under the lamp. At the bottom is a filter for water purification. After filling the terrarium for the turtle with water and checking the operability of all the equipment, we can say that it is ready for use.
Turtles can be kept in aquariums or pools. To create comfortable conditions for the red-eared turtle, warm water is required, therefore, a heater for the terrarium will be required.
When servicing terrarium for turtles turn off all electrical appliances. Trachemys strongly pollute the water, so it is necessary to purchase a filter for water purification. Such filters actively trap large forms of dirt and begin to act as low-power biological filters. The filter, like the heater, must be completely placed under water.
The trachemis needs light. To do this, you need an incandescent lamp (40-75 W), placed in the reflector. A similar light source is installed over large stones or the shore. For general lighting of the terrarium, it is advisable to use fluorescent lamps.
Terrarium Design for Red-eared Turtle
To design a terrarium, you can use various stones, driftwood, artificial plants. It is advisable to use artificial plants, because living, aquarium plants, turtles are happy to eat.
Sometimes unpretentious fish are "planted" in the terrarium to the turtles. For sharing turtle content and fish large volumes are desirable. But even in this case, the fish can be attacked by turtles.
Feeding a Red-eared Turtle
Often, red-eared turtles at a young age. carnivores, but during adulthood, they increasingly switch to plant foods. Due to this, young turtles get the amino acids and calcium necessary for the growth and development. Growing up, turtles leave deep-sea areas, which are rich in a variety of live food, moving closer to shallow water. Here they can consume plant foods with less effort.
Feeding a Red-eared Turtle occupies about 60% of life. The diet of red-eared turtles may include live food, for example: meat, fish. It is advisable that the food is not oily. Squid slices, snail meat (coils, ampoules) can be a good dietary supplement feeding turtles. Mandatory for the diet of a turtle is live or dried gammarus. From time to time, red-eared turtles are given bloodworms, large daphnia. The diet of an adult red-eared turtle includes up to 60% of plant foods: duckweed, hornwort, ludwig, etc. Turtles do not refuse salad leaves, slices of cucumbers, boiled cabbage, dandelion and clover.
Almost all dry feed can be classified as granular, although they have a reduced buoyancy. Young turtles are better suited for flakes. they linger longer on the surface of the water and are equally balanced with granules. Least comfortable. loose feed. Their particles quickly spread across the terrarium, drown and clog the filter. Also, turtles additionally need vitamin-mineral supplements; they need calcium to build a shell, a bone skeleton, especially for young individuals. It is advisable to give calcium-containing preparations to young individuals daily; to adults. Once a week. There are special vitamin preparations for turtles, which from time to time, in accordance with the requirements of the instructions, should be added to the food of the turtles. A very good source of calcium is cuttlefish bone. Of the vitamin preparations, foreign manufacturers Sera, Tetra, Tropical, etc., have proven themselves well.
It is very important to always follow the instructions that come with vitamins and supplements. Young turtles are fed every day, adults. 1 time in 2-3 days.
Excessive feeding of the turtle can lead to obesity. In this case, the animal will not be able to hide in the shell.
Red-eared turtle. excellent, not very demanding pet for keeping in terrariums, ponds and pools, which for a long time will please its owner.