Of the eight species of the genus Decorated Turtles (Cbrysemys) that live in the waters of the Americas, the most well-known red-eared tortoise (Cbrysemys scripta elegans). The shell of an adult red-eared turtle, covered with wrinkles, can reach a length of 28 centimeters. Why did the turtle become rubella? hard to say. Neither her, nor any other turtles have what we call ears. These reptiles are endowed with neither the auricle, nor even the external auditory canal. They have an eardrum on their head. the elastic plate that we have inside the head, between the outer and middle ear. Nevertheless, all the turtles, although many still consider them deaf, hear quite well, however, low sounds: up to 3000 hertz. And the hearing sensitivity of the red-eared turtle is simply amazing. At frequencies from 100 to 700 hertz, she hears almost the same faint sounds as a cat. Why turtles were called red-eared, it is also not clear because the spot behind their eyes is not only bright red, but also bright yellow. In general, the color of these turtles is extremely diverse, in addition, it varies greatly with age. Old animals can even become completely black.
Caring for the Red-eared Turtle
Standard glass aquariums. the best types of aquariums for red-eared turtles, if you cannot provide them with an external body of water. The aquarium must be kept clean at all times, as the health of your turtle depends on it. Remember, turtles are emptied in water, which is an excellent environment for the development of pathogenic bacteria.
There is a wide variety of lids for aquariums, for example lids with built-in lamps for lighting. To illuminate an aquarium with red-eared turtles, you will need natural lighting (sun rays) or UV lamps with a full range of lighting.
Trachemys grow quickly, and in the first years of life can grow 25 cm! The size of the aquarium will depend on the size and number of turtles. Remember, the larger the aquarium, the better for turtles. For a turtle 13 cm long, an aquarium of 100 liters or more is required. Fill the aquarium with water so that the turtle can sit in the water with its head resting on the surface.
It is very important to ensure constant water filtration in the aquarium. If the water is dirty, then pathogenic bacteria will begin to develop in it, which will negatively affect the health of the turtle. A good filter will also help you minimize your work. You will spend less time cleaning and cleaning it.
The easiest way to maintain a constant temperature in the aquarium. use a heater that is immersed in water. Such a water heater resembles a long glass tube. These types of heaters are very practical, because they are already sold with a built-in thermostat, which allows you to maintain the temperature at the same level. Temperature for keeping red-eared turtles. 25-28 ° C.
In the aquarium, there must be an area where the turtle will come out of the water and bask (sunbathe). This is very important because the heat supports the turtle’s immune system.
For aesthetic perception, design an aquarium as desired. Be careful, all items used for decoration should be safe for turtles. Choose plants that are not poisonous, as the turtle can try to eat them, for the same reason it is not recommended to use plastic plants.
If you want to add stones to the aquarium, they should not be with sharp corners, which can be injured by a turtle. Do not use small gravel as a substrate, as the turtle can swallow it, which will cause serious health problems, for example, bowel obstruction.
Despite its carapace, which gives the turtle a completely impregnable appearance, it is very vulnerable, and many diseases await it. Treat a red-eared tortoise only with a specialist, so the main concern for you. this is disease prevention. The first thing to keep in mind. this is quarantine. When acquiring a new pet, in no case should you place it in the aquaterrarium of the previous residents. It is necessary to assess the appearance of the shell, claw changes, clouding of the cornea, scuffs, check the skin folds, where you can detect external parasites, examine the oral cavity, nasal passages, and cloaca. Quarantine period. not less than two months. If after this period the animal looks good, eats well, it can be transferred to others.
Feeding the Red-eared Turtles
Proper feeding is the key to success in keeping freshwater turtles. Most feeds offered to turtles (meat, bloodworms, squid) are adequate only in terms of protein. These foods do not solve the problem of calcium deficiency. The easiest way to replenish calcium. feeding turtles with small, low-fat fish along with bones, sometimes feeding aquarium or land snails. Guppy-type turtles can be eaten whole. You can feed turtles pieces of thawed sea fish of the perch family. If the fish is large, the costal bones should be cut. Then the fish is cut together with the vertebral bones and fed. If the fish is oily enough (capelin, sprat, herring), it should be kept in water for 80 degrees 1-2 minutes. Do not forget that meat. the worst type of feed available. Live feed. earthworms, bloodworms, tubule, carriage. very good as a feed supplement for young turtles. Very good as additives. squid meat, shrimp, raw liver. When feeding the liver 1 time per week, you can refrain from adding vitamins to the tortoise’s food.
For successful breeding of red-eared turtles, it is desirable to have several males and females. If you have only one pair, the chances of success are greatly reduced. Strengthening sexual desire contributes to the separate content of partners. As a rule, females are planted in males. During this period, it is necessary to create comfortable conditions for the animals, eliminating all unnecessarily annoying factors. During pregnancy, foods rich in calcium, phosphorus and vitamins must be introduced into the diet.
To preserve the young, shortly before the appearance of the turtles, it is important to make a shelter in which adult turtles could not penetrate. After giving birth, the female turtles must be removed from the remaining individuals. This allows for individual observation and feeding of the female, which is especially important in the postpartum period, as her body is weakened and its resistance is reduced. The diet should have a high calorie content and include foods rich in vitamins and minerals.
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