Originally from the southeastern United States, the red-eared freshwater turtle is considered one of the most beautiful and unpretentious species of turtles. Hatching from a small egg (about 4 cm), it has a shell size of no more than 3 cm. Turtles grow for many years. So, for 1.5 years the red-eared turtle reaches a shell size of 7.5 cm, and then continues to grow, adding about a centimeter per year, its maximum size in adulthood can be about 27-30 cm. Outwardly, this is a pretty turtle, with scarlet reddish spots on both sides of the head (for this she got her name, although she does not have ears as such), with a round wrinkled carapace. The color of the shell of the red-eared turtles may vary depending on the habitat and age. For example, a young turtle will show off a pattern on a brown shell, and an adult individual will wear a dark, sometimes even black, shell. On the head of the turtles there is an elastic plate that responds to sounds of low frequencies up to 3000 hertz, and at frequencies of 100-700 hertz it can recognize weak sounds like a cat. In captivity, females reach puberty by the age of 5-6, and males by the 4th, unlike the will, where they mate year-round. In captivity, this does not happen so often. The laying of red-eared turtles is similar to a ball with a diameter of 7-25 cm, in which they lay 5 to 22 eggs.
Content of the Red-eared Turtle
Although the red-eared turtle is unpretentious, but it requires a certain care, which is not for all wildlife lovers in strength.
So, the requirements for caring for rubella tortoise:
The composition of the mixture: fish fillet – 155 g, squid fillet – 100 g, carrots – 80 g, cabbage and apples 60 g each, milk – 150-160 ml, a pair of raw eggs, calcium glycerophosphate – 9-10 tablets, water – 150-170 ml, gelatin – 35 g, Tetravit – 20-22 drops. All components are crushed, mixed together with gelatin diluted in water. Then the mixture lies down the refrigerator for solidification, this mixture should be enough for 11-12 feedings of adult red-eared tortoise. Before feeding, a piece is cut off from the mass, heated to room temperature. As they grow older, turtles are more and more fond of plant foods: algae, salads, young cabbage.
Diseases of the Red-eared Turtle
Basically, all diseases of both red-eared turtles, and in general in all turtles, develop due to involuntary maintenance. If during the maintenance of the turtle to adhere to all the rules and regulations, then she will not know grief.
Dermatomycoses, systemic mycoses, mycobacteria, viral infections and many other diseases occur due to poor hygiene in the aquarium and improper feeding. Thus, the animal becomes infected with various bacteria and viruses. Mechanical skin diseases as well as shell necrosis are common.
If the proper balanced diet is not followed, a deficiency or an excess of substances, vitamins and minerals occurs, as a result of which diseases arise – osteoporosis, rickets, softening of the bone, chronic gastritis, constipation, diarrhea, etc.