For content land turtles all types are more appropriate to use horizontal terrariums. For a pair of animals with a size of 15. 20 cm, an area of at least 0.5 m2 is required, and for turtles with a size of 20. 30 cm about a meter. The width of the terrarium must necessarily exceed the width of the largest turtle by 2. 3 times, so that animals can easily move in it. The temperature regime for a land tortoise depends on the climate in its habitat. On average, it is 20. 35’C.
All turtles in captivity willingly drink water, and the inhabitants of tropical rainforests with pleasure and for a long time lie in it. For convenience, drinking bowls and bathing trays must be submerged in the ground. Deep pallets should have comfortable traps to facilitate the exit of clumsy turtles, and the water level in them should not exceed half the height of the shell of the smallest of them. For drinking and swimming turtles, water should be at room temperature and must be defended.
The soil should have a thickness of 3 to 10 cm, sand is not suitable for this. Small pebbles without sharp edges are ideal soil for turtles. Keeping turtles without soil leads to deformation of the extremities and colds. Like any animals, turtles need shelter. Usually they use a wooden box turned upside down with an entrance, which allows the largest tortoise living in the terrarium to easily pass through it.
Keeping a turtle in a room without a terrarium, so common among beginner amateurs, is unacceptable, because leads to the development of various diseases and injuries.
All land turtles are herbivorous, the main diet consists of vegetables and fruits. Before feeding vegetables and fruits are thoroughly washed. Never give a turtle rotten or moldy foods. Solid feeds are grated or finely chopped with a knife, mixed thoroughly so that the tortoise can not choose only her favorite food. Fruit-vegetable mixture is served on a wide tray with low edges. If you contain several turtles, then the size of the pallet should enable all inhabitants of the terrarium to eat at the same time. In winter, oat or barley sprouts should be added to the nutrient mixture, and in the summer. dandelions, clover, plantain, stalks and leaves of peas. Once a week, you must add a little ground beef to the feed. Mineral dressing, seaweed are added to the feed in small portions.
In winter, land turtles, especially young ones, are irradiated with ultraviolet, in the summer they must be taken out to the sun. If conditions allow, you can make a special paddock for keeping turtles in the fresh air throughout the summer. The land in the pen can be sown with clover, dandelion and other plants, with the exception of poisonous, such as buttercups.
When keeping turtles, one has to deal with the need for various manipulations with them. All this is not particularly difficult. Almost all manipulations with turtles, with the exception of medical procedures, boil down to weighing and measuring. It is only important that the turtle is turned with the back of you, since in case of fright it emits liquid from the cesspool.