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Category: Video reviews, Photography, video filming
TOthey drunk me at my request this land turtle when I was 5 years old for 25 rubles. We came to the woman’s apartment, in her small plastic box were two turtles, a female and a male. The female was greenish and I did not like, so I decided to take a male
In size, in principle, it was the same as it is now, or maybe I just did not notice a difference in size over these 20 years. I basically do not feed him with unnatural food, which is recommended to be fed in books – for example, meat, boiled eggs, etc.
He eats dandelions, apples, cucumbers, loves tomatoes and yellow dandelion flowers. In summer, I go with him for a walk to the quarry and to the river, so that the turtles rest from the apartment routine and remember their homeland – nature
The shell of the Central Asian tortoise is low, round, yellowish-brown in color, with blurry dark spots; the carapace has 13 horn flaps, the plastron has 16, 25 flaps are located on the sides of the carapace, there are grooves on each of the 13 carapace flaps, usually the number of grooves corresponds to the number of years the tortoise lived (similar to circles on a tree cut). The size of the turtle does not usually exceed 20 cm (a record copy is 28 cm). Females of the Central Asian turtles are noticeably larger than males. On the front legs of the Central Asian tortoise – 4 fingers, on the hips behind several small horny tubercles
The Central Asian tortoise is distributed in the southern regions of Kazakhstan, across the plain Central Asia, in northeastern Iran, Afghanistan, in the northwestern regions of India and Pakistan. It lives in clay and sand deserts with thickets of wormwood, tamarisk or saxaul, in the foothills up to heights of 1200 m above sea level, in river valleys, on agricultural lands. Its number in many places is very high. Despite this, the Central Asian tortoise is listed in the international Red Book
In June 2010, I decided to make a photo shoot for my beloved turtle as a keepsake, that’s what happened
Care and maintenance of turtles
Some keep the turtle on a “free range”, but this is absolutely wrong, since heat-loving animals are very affected by drafts, as well as various dust and dirt on the floor. Perhaps keeping in a pen, for example, in a kitchen or in a bathroom equipped with a heated floor and heating from above – but still the best for turtles, of course, is a terrarium;
For one turtle, a horizontal type terrarium will be required, with a minimum size of 50 (length) 40 (width) 30 (height, taking into account the place for the lamp);
As a soil, it is best to use small pebbles; if the turtle has a tendency to swallow pebbles, it must immediately be replaced by a very large one. Central Asian turtles are big fans of swimming; be sure to bathe them 2 times a week with clean water 30 32 C.
You will need a lamp for heating, usually an incandescent lamp illuminates 1/2, 1/3 of the terrarium; lamp power depends on the volume of the terrarium – approximately 4 watts of power will be needed per liter of volume. An ultraviolet lamp must also be present, because due to a lack of sunlight, rickets can begin, which, unlike a human, can begin at any age of the turtle.
The temperature regime ideal for land turtles is 26-30 ° C.
Do not place the feed container under the lamp.
The tortoise definitely needs shelter. Ideally, shelter for each individual; As a shelter, a regular ceramic flower pot, cut into two halves so that the turtle can turn around, is well suited. It is recommended to sandpaper the edges so that the turtle is cut; or a wooden house, but so that the nails do not stick out.
It is also not necessary, but it is desirable, if the size of the terrarium allows, you can put there a bowl filled with water, where the turtle could swim at any time. To do this, you also need a heat wire (it should be protected with a layer of polystyrene since the scoop can dig out and burn on hot lead) so that the water is warm. Turtles tend to defecate in this bathing vessel, so be prepared to change the water.
How to feed turtles
Turtles are fed every day, preferably at the same time;
The main food for turtles is vegetable,
Foods categorically harmful to turtles
- Poisonous plants: nightshade, buttercups, medicinal plants containing alkaloids, dieffenbachia (Diffenbachia spp.), Euphorbia (Euphorbia spp.), Azalea (Azalia spp.), Elodea, lagenander, ambulia (limnophila), oleander, narcissus, spurge, , cyclamen, delphinium, digitalis, hydrangea, jasmine, lilies, lobelia, lupine, mistletoe, potato leaves, rhododendron …
- Peel of citrus fruits, seeds of fruits and berries.
- Egg shells, ground egg shells (may cause salmonellosis).
- Canned and dry food for warm-blooded animals and fish.
- Human food: cereals, cheese, any bread, rolls, dumplings, milk, cottage cheese, boiled or fried food, raw and boiled eggs.
- Animal feed for land Central Asian turtles and most land species: meat, fish, insects. If land turtles, whose digestive tract is tuned to slowly digestible food, are fed protein foods for a long time, then the uric acid formed during the breakdown of proteins cannot be secreted in sufficient quantities, and as a result, the kidneys do not work well. Meat contains not only protein, but turtles do not have the ability to break down and remove such substances from the body.
Foods harmful to turtles in large quantities
Add vegetable protein to food – these are soaked and sprouted beans, alfalfa is a good source of protein, but do not abuse it.
Calcium supplements should be given to Central Asian turtles, based on 100 mg of “pure” calcium per 1 kg of tortoise weight. Give no more than 1 time per week. Glycerophosphate, carbonate, borogluconate, calcium palmitate are not suitable, as they are poorly absorbed by the body and are almost completely eliminated from it. It is best to give "natural" food – freshly picked plants.
In the autumn-winter season, turtles can be given hay, but you need to give them a lot of water. All turtles love sweet fruits, but in large quantities they should never be given, this leads to obesity.
For breeding you need at least a couple of turtles, it is better to take three turtles of approximately the same age and weight;
To distinguish a female from a male is not very easy for an amateur. When buying a turtle, look at the shape of the tail – if the tail has a longer and wider tail at the base of the turtle, then it is most likely a male in front of you, males of the Central Asian turtle often have a dent on the plastron closer to the tail. In males, the cesspool is located further down the tail than in females. In females, the plastron is flat, the tail is short due to the placement of the oviduct in their cloaca, without thickening. Cloaca is located near the end of the carapace, i.e. almost at the base of the tail. Often males are smaller than females.
The turtles reach maturity: females from 10-12 years old, males from 5-6 years old;
Turtles mate from February to August. Pregnancy lasts 2 months, after which the female lays 2 to 6 eggs. Incubation at a temperature of 28-30 ° C lasts 60-65 days. Young turtles should be fed with mixtures of finely chopped vegetables and vitamin-mineral nutrition
About caring for land turtles
Do not be surprised if your pet turtle asks for hibernation: it begins to refuse food, behave sluggishly and apathetically. Keep in mind that this process, due to the mismatch of the temperature regimes with the natural ones, can be dangerous. Turtles living out of control should not hibernate. It harms their health.
With turtles you need to walk in the summer. Sunbathing in the fresh air in warm weather (28 or more) will help to avoid many problems in the future, the main thing is not to leave the turtle unattended while walking (oddly enough, turtles can move quickly and unpredictably when they want). If you make a corral for a turtle – dig it into the ground for 5-10 centimeters – turtles are good at digging under fences. Remember that it is almost impossible to find a lost turtle.
In the turtle enclosure, there must be a shelter from direct sunlight – let the turtle itself choose where to sit.
After swimming, the turtle is wiped with a napkin. It is not necessary to place it under the lamp – give her a choice, she knows better what she needs.
If the carapace does not look as beautiful as you want, then it is not the oil that will help you, but the veterinarian – it is most likely a matter of improper care for the turtle. If she has uneven, strongly tuberous scales – most likely the beginning of rickets. Those. either you don’t irradiate the bug with ultraviolet (it doesn’t pass through the glass), or you don’t add mineral additives to the food.
If you notice changes in the behavior of the animal or in its appearance, for example, it has become more lethargic or began to swell your eyes, do not hesitate – bring it to the veterinarian
How many turtles live?
On the Internet you will find information on the life expectancy of Central Asian turtles in the range from 5 to 40 years, an average of 15 and this is the limit. And now, directly, what I want to say about how many turtles are able to live in captivity at home
When they bought me a turtle, she was 5-7 years old, now it has already been 20 years since the purchase ie my tortoise has been living in captivity only for 20 years now and it is not known in what conditions and how much it lived with the previous owners. My turtle goes into hibernation for the winter in a corner by the balcony, but I do not recommend letting untrained turtles fall asleep, because hibernation for a turtle is always a risk of too much weakening and dying. In winter, sometimes I forcefully wake up the turtle, turn on the lamp and look at the physical condition of the turtle. Gently in small doses I give herbal food, bathe to cleanse the intestines and after brief warming up under the lamp, the turtle goes into hibernation until spring
When you buy a turtle, you should be aware that you will have to carefully look after the turtle all its life and monitor its health and, if necessary, take measures for treatment. The turtle is not a toy for a child, it is a living wise unique creature, it is the only descendant of dinosaurs living on Earth earlier. Please do everything possible so that your turtle lives a long happy life, rejoices itself and delights you. The turtle does not need much, they eat a little, the food grows free of charge in nature.
Do not enclose the turtle in a small enclosed terrarium as recommended in many sources. My turtle has lived all the 20 years that I have never lived in a terrarium or cage, my turtle lives in the territory near the windows, where there is a battery and its corners, and most importantly, access to a huge loggia, where she runs all summer from morning to in the evening. My turtle does not walk and do not spoil the apartment, it does not cross an invisible line and she perfectly understands where he can be and where not. He is so smart and wise that when he needs something, he comes through the apartment to the owner and sits in place.