Most aquatic turtles, including red-eared and marsh turtles, need a small, heated area of absolutely dry land. Turtles breathe atmospheric air, and also need rest, without an island the animal can drown. Also, the presence of sushi will prevent some shell diseases. Above the island should be an ultraviolet lamp and an incandescent lamp.
The size of the island should be 3-4 sizes of a turtle in length and width, or 2 sizes of the sum of the sizes of all the tortoises of the aquarium.
Some species of turtles prefer underwater shelters, if you can do this using the island, then the turtle will like it. Land turtles do not need shelter on land.
What should be an island for a water turtle?
- Accessible to the turtle – so that the turtle can easily climb onto land;
- Rough – and the island and the ramp to it should not be smooth, otherwise the turtle will glide;
- Durable – the land must support the weight of the turtle, must be stable so as not to crush the animal;
- Absolutely dry – no water should be poured onto it, i.e. the island should be above water level. only in this way can the turtle dry and warm;
- Set no higher than 20 cm from the top of the aquarium so that lamps can be installed and the turtle cannot escape from the aquarium .;
- Heated – above the island must necessarily be a heating lamp and an ultraviolet lamp (because water practically does not let in UV rays), the temperature on the island should be higher than the water temperature, about 30-31 C;
- From durable and non-toxic materials – islets of polystyrene foam, or glued with small pebbles that the turtle can swallow categorically do not fit; it is impossible that there are strips of silicone sealant on the island, the turtle can eat it;
- The ladder from the island should not be located close to the bottom, otherwise the turtle may get stuck between the bottom of the aquarium and the ladder, and drown.
Pebbled glass islands
A piece of glass of the required size is cut out (for 1.5-2 the size of a turtle), stones are glued to it, and then it is glued into the aquarium with aquarium sealant (glue). The aquarium should be empty and dry. The tortoise can be populated 2-3 days after aeration of the aquarium.
Islet of wood
It is bought ready-made or glued on its own.
Islet of stones
Large stones must first be washed with soap and doused with boiling water.
Glass islands covered with rugs
Such islands are pasted over with rubber rugs "under the grass" or for a bath.
Zoomed suction cup island
Hinged shore to the aquarium (or American shore)
Trionics and other freshwater turtles, leading a completely aquatic lifestyle, do not need land, but they crawl out close to the water’s edge to warm themselves.
Other options for the islands are:
- floating rafts made of light material. They are not very suitable, because a heavy turtle will sink such a raft and it will be difficult for her to climb on it.
- driftwood, branches. This is a good beach, which allows the turtle to dry not only from above, but also from below, but improperly processed driftwood will spoil the water and rot. How to handle driftwood.