How to install firmware on iPad?
You can download firmware for the iPad from Apple servers. Over, the firmware files are the same for both Windows and Mac OS users. They are the same for the iPad.
Below are links to all versions of firmware for the iPad. There are still various beta, GM, but now we will focus only on official firmware. We look carefully at the version number of the firmware. The higher the firmware number, the more relevant and newer it is.
If you don’t know which iPad you have, go here: How to find out the iPad model.
IOS 12.1.1 firmware (release date 12/05/2018)
IOS 12 firmware (release date 09/17/2018)
IOS 11.4 firmware (release date 05/29/2018)
Attention! For the first iPad, the current and latest firmware version is iOS 5.1.1. Updates for the iPad 1 were not and are not expected.
For iPad 2, iPad Mini 1, iPod Touch 5 and iPhone 4S, the most current iOS 9.3.5 firmware:
So what to do with the link?
Just click on the link with the firmware. Most modern browsers automatically download the firmware file when you click on it.
Use the download manager. I advise with unstable internet.
On Windows, I used the Free Download Manager (see Useful links). Copy the link to the firmware and paste it into the download manager.
The main thing we remember or change the way where the firmware for the iPad is downloaded from us. In this case, C: \ Downloads
Step 2. Launch or install iTunes
If you still don’t have iTunes on your computer, install it. Our site already has detailed instructions for installing iTunes on Windows.
If iTunes is installed, then check the update from the menu. On Mac OS, the update needs to be checked on the Mac App Store.
Step 3. Full iPad firmware or iPad firmware upgrade
First we answer a very important question!
Question: What to do: full iPad firmware or is a firmware update enough?
Answer: The basic rule here is this. Take the current firmware on your iPad. Let’s say iOS 5.1.1. And you need to upgrade to iOS 6.1.3. So, if the first digit of the firmware changes, it is better to make a full firmware. If the first digit remains unchanged, and the rest change, then I recommend the update (for example, iOS 6.0.1 and iOS 6.1.3).
Additional rule. If the system has been installed for a long time, it is buggy, or you had a jailbreak (maybe installed not even by you at all), but you want a clean, official, buggy system, then it is better to reflash it completely.
IMPORTANT: Before flashing or updating your iPad. Backup your device. Read more.
Full iPad firmware
We connect the iPad to the computer via USB. We wait until our iPad appears in iTunes. We go to the section “Your_iPad_Name”. Hold Shift if you have Windows (Alt-Option for MacOS) on your keyboard and click the “Restore iPad.” button.
A firmware selection window will open: select the downloaded iPad firmware file. And click “Open”.
At this time on the iPad, “do not breathe” and do not disconnect it from USB. It is also desirable that the battery charge be more than at least 10 percent.
After a few minutes, you have a fully flashed iPad. If you want to restore settings, applications, contacts, etc., then iTunes after the firmware will prompt you to do this. Feel free to choose the latest backup from the list and restore. The process may turn out to be slow (10 minutes. 2 hours: depends on the number of applications used by the volume of the iPad before recovery).
IPad firmware update
Method 1 Via iTunes with the new firmware already downloaded.
If you decide to update the firmware via iTunes, then we connect the iPad to the computer via USB. We wait until our iPad appears in iTunes. We go to the section “Your_iPad_Name”. Hold Shift if you have Windows (Alt-Option for MacOS) on your keyboard and click the “Update” button.
Method 2 Via iTunes without downloaded firmware.
Everything is the same as in the first method, only after connecting the iPad just click on the “Update” button. ITunes will update everything automatically. I recommend having a stable and fast Internet for this method. Otherwise, it is better to download the firmware first and use method 1.
Method 3 Update directly from the iPad.
The method is available starting from iOS 5. This is the so-called update over the air or update over Wi-Fi. Charge the iPad at least 50 percent. That is, with 5 percent of the battery charge, I do not recommend proceeding with the upgrade;).
In the iPad settings go to “General”. There is the item “Software Update”.
If an update (or even a new version of iOS) is available, then you will be prompted to Update (or “Download and Install”).
The method is best for a simple layman, since:
- Don’t need a computer and iTunes. But someone doesn’t have it. In this case, I recommend making a backup in iCloud before upgrading.
- Firmware usually weighs about 2 gigabytes, while recent updates have been no more than 300-400 megabytes.
- Less “extra” body movements with a computer;)
DFU and Recovery Firmware
It happens that the flashing ends in failure:
- Perpetual reboot with an apple on the screen
- The screen goes out and shows no signs of life
- The wire and the iTunes icon are displayed on the screen
- The firmware was interrupted due to turning off the light and the iPad then does not want to flash
And similar reasons. DO NOT panic! In this case, flashing in Recovery mode (less often) or DFU will help out (helps with 99.9 percent).
A small FAQ in the topic:
Question: why you can’t just click the Restore button in iTunes and everything will be updated?
Answer: if you have a stable and very fast Internet channel, you can upgrade to the latest version anyway. Apple actually implies such an update. But the most reliable methods are described above and such knowledge will definitely not hurt you. Plus, if you want to upgrade, you will already have the downloaded iPad firmware.
Question: Why does each device have its own firmware?
Answer: because Apple devices have different functionality. Developers create firmware for different devices for better performance. Firmware from one device will never install on another device.
Question: I have an error while flashing the iPad
Answer: to you first here, and then here: iTunes Errors article