Aquarium size: 40-50 liters for a turtle up to 10 cm long; 90-120 l for a turtle up to 20 cm long; 120-200-. l for two turtles up to 20 cm long or one turtle larger than 20 cm.
Water: suitable for the species, usually from a tap or standing
Type of aquarium: with a flat shore, on which there is a lamp for heating
Where to get the aquarium?
What is not suitable for keeping turtles?
In English there is such a terrarium term – "Death bowl". It can be translated as “Bowl of Death”, “Death Cup”, in general, who has enough imagination to call this basin. This word is called – what would you think? Yes, those very miserable small containers with a palm tree and colored soil, in which naive buyers have red-eared turtles!
Actually, this thing was called so for a reason. This is really not something that any turtle can be kept in. And yes, multi-colored pebbles, a palm tree and a cute green turtle, which the seller sells under the guise of a dwarf decorative one, are all very pleasing to the eye, but all this husk, as many know, has nothing to do with reality. Not a single turtle, as the description says correctly, lives on the beach with a mini-palm – everyone needs water, a lot of water and a lot of space for movement.
It’s even a pity that somehow we still haven’t taken root in any capacious and fair name for this trough – because it’s just in our country that the scale of the disaster can hardly be overestimated.
Shape, length, width, height, material, volume?
The shape of the aquarium is only horizontal, turtles swim mainly in length, and not in depth.
Aquarium material: glass, non-toxic plastic. It can be indoor or outdoor. In closed there should be a ventilation system.
The total volume of the aquarium, depending on the size of the turtle, can be from 40 to 120 liters. If there are more turtles, then the aquarium is taken larger. At the same time, the water in the aquarium is not poured over the entire volume of the aquarium, but about half.
Average size of the aquarium: 70x40x40 (length, width, height), approximately 100 liters of volume. For 1-2 turtles: the length of the aquarium should be 7 times the length of the shell of the largest turtle, the width of the aquarium should be approximately half its length. For each additional turtle we add about a tenth of the bottom area.
How much water to pour, what should it be?
The depth of the water must be AT LEAST the diameter of the tortoise shell so that the animal can turn over in the water if necessary. And so that the island was completely out of the water, of course. Accordingly, the higher the island, the more turtle there is a place for swimming.
Therefore, the more water. all the better. However, some semi-aquatic species require a small amount of water. This is usually indicated in the content requirements of the view.
The water should be clean and warm enough (about 20-24 C), depending on the needs of the species of tortoise. Moderately chlorinated tap water is not dangerous for turtles, although small turtles can rub their eyes for the first time after changing the water. Water must be changed as it becomes soiled, but at least 1 time per month.
Land or shore in an aquarium
The ratio of land to water should be 20% to 80%. The shore should be such that the turtle could easily climb onto it, but could not jump out of the terrarium (the height from the shore to the edge of the terrarium should be more than 20-30 cm).
The land or islet should be so large that all animals can simultaneously be accommodated on it, while the weak ones should not be crowded out and not collide into the water.
Either an aquarium with a shore is immediately bought, or it is done independently.
What does a finished aquarium for a turtle look like?
Below are pictures of aquariums and aquaterrariums suitable for turtles. I hope that the photos will help you choose the design, soil, design and paraphernalia for your turtle’s aquarium or terrarium.
Do turtles have to be pulled out of the aquarium overnight?
In nature, water turtles are perfectly able to spend the night in water from birth. However, they do not swim deeply, but remain in shallow water. Therefore, after buying a small turtle (up to 5 cm). do not immediately release it into a huge aquarium without a shore. The baby can get tired and even drown. Either a shore with a convenient gangway to it or a low water level is needed. no more than 1 turtle shell height.
If there is a shore in the aquarium and a water heater is working, then you do not need to pull out healthy turtles from the aquarium for the night.
If the water heater is broken, it is better to leave the turtles in a box with a heating pad or under an incandescent lamp at night (if it’s cold in the apartment).
Can I put an aquarium on the window?
If the apartment has nowhere else to put an aquarium, except on the window, then this can be done. But! The aquarium should be closed with a lid and should not blow from the window. Those. it is desirable that the windows are plastic (they have better thermal insulation). If the aquarium is open, then for the time of ventilation, it is better to take the turtle out of the room, otherwise it can be caught a cold, which will lead to pneumonia (pneumonia). If the windows are not plastic, then in cold weather it is better to remove the aquarium from the windowsill and place it on the floor, or lay something between the window and the rear wall of the aquarium.
There is also the problem of blooming water from sunlight (you can try to solve it with a water conditioner and a powerful filter) and the danger of overheating in summer from direct sunlight.
Can and should water be salted?
Most species of turtles are freshwater and salted water will only harm them. But at the same time sea turtles (bissu, loggerd, leathery, etc.) should be kept only in salt water, similar to sea water. Some species of turtles living in partially-salt water, such as two-clawed and diadem can live both in salt water and in fresh water. We must look at the origin of this species, and how it was contained earlier.