Despite the fact that Windows 10 has been on sale for quite some time, it is still considered a “young” operating system. Every day, developers are working on its improvements to make users more comfortable. All the changes made, no matter how useful they are, are carefully packed and come to the computer in the form of constant updates, so it is so important to know what they carry and how to install them correctly.
Do I need to update Windows 10
The question of the need for Windows updates has always been acute, and there are well-founded reasons for that. There is still no consensus, therefore, to decide whether to upgrade the system, it is necessary to consider all the pros and cons.
Why you do not need to update Windows 10
The relevance of updates to the line of Windows operating systems has always been in question.
Windows 10 updates install for quite some time and require a reboot. This would not be a big deal if they came out less than once every two weeks. For the most part, Microsoft’s corporate policy is to blame for this frequency, due to which everything new is immediately packaged and sent to work without careful verification and testing.
Windows 10 updates are installed for a very long time and at the most inopportune moment
Also in Windows 10 there is such a thing as advertising. And on free versions of the system, it is often accompanied by the forced installation of unpopular and base software from Microsoft. Updates to the services responsible for advertising are also included in the general Windows update list.
By updating Windows 10, you are also updating advertising services.
Why you need to update Windows 10
Installing the first update immediately after installing the system is a must. The fact is that there are much more varieties of Windows 10 than it might seem at first glance.
Now let’s talk about the pros of regular updates to Windows 10. Surely you’ve heard about the spyware features of this system. In many ways, these services work for a single purpose: collecting and sending statistics to the technical support center. This allows developers to monitor the operation of Windows 10 on different computers and in different conditions in order to regularly improve the system by issuing updates. Thanks to the active collection of information, some updates to Windows 10 are really valuable and allow you to make the user experience more comfortable.
We should also say about the security system update. Every second update of Windows 10 carries an improvement in protecting the system from viruses and other external threats.
The general Windows 10 update includes vulnerability and security updates.
Windows 10 updates are especially important for owners of the old hardware. After installing Windows 10, most drivers are downloaded automatically: a similar procedure often includes some measures to improve compatibility in order to further ensure better computer performance. Unfortunately, the Microsoft database is far from complete, which especially affects the outdated hardware. But such information is collected very quickly, and with the next update may come a package designed exclusively for one of the components of the computer.
All kinds of Windows 10 updates and related misconceptions
By “updating the operating system” many users sometimes understand completely different things. To avoid confusion, to begin with, it is worthwhile to analyze in more detail a couple of points: what is an update, what can it be, and what can not.
Table: what is called the “Windows 10 Update”
|Upgrading to Windows 10 (Version update)||Also, this procedure is often referred to as “Upgrading to Windows 10” or “Upgrading Windows”, which sounds very ambiguous. The transition to Windows 10 implies an upgrade from Windows 7 (or 8, or 8.1) to Windows 10. This is the only procedure that literally translates as “Version Upgrade”.
In Windows 10, there is also an internal separation of versions, for example, version 1607. Updating of such versions occurs through the “Windows Update”. In fact, this is an update to the assembly, which is called a version for beauty.
The transition to Windows 10 can be done through the Windows10Upgrade utility, which is described below.
|Change of edition / edition of Windows (Edition update)||Microsoft also refers to this procedure as “Windows Update.” Literally, it translates as “Updating the publication.” A change of publication implies, for example, an upgrade from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Professional or another “tariff change.”
The article below describes how to do this.
|Windows 10 build update (Build update)||The correct name for this procedure is “Update Build”. However, when many users say “Update Windows 10,” they mean it, so in the future we will call this procedure that way.
Updating the assembly involves updating Windows 10. The main way is to automatically update Windows through the “Update Center”. However, there are others that will be discussed below.
|Updating Windows Additional Resources||It implies everything that is important applications to the system, but is not officially part of it. This includes security features, components, some services, firmware, and more. When Windows 10 says that it is being updated, in most cases it refers to updating resources. In Windows 10, it is practically inseparable from updating the assembly, so it should be considered part of the “Windows 10 Update”.|
What you should understand by “Update Windows 10”
Windows Update is responsible for updating the system in Windows 10. When it starts, it automatically checks for new builds and additional resources, and if something is found, an immediate download and installation will begin. There are other ways to start the update, but the procedure itself is always the same.
Updating Windows 10 involves updating the operating system and some of its components
What update methods do not exist
Due to various misconceptions and user memories about Windows 7, one can often find mention of update methods that actually do not exist.
Many users mistakenly believe that selective updating of the system is acceptable in Windows 10. Once upon a time there was really information that Microsoft would make such an opportunity for owners of the release of Windows 10 Professional. However, this idea was not continued, and in the near future no choice is expected from users.
All updates for Windows 10 are packaged in one package, which can not be divided
Manual updating of Windows 10 can be considered a synonym for selective: this is what it implies. In Windows 10 there is only an automatic update that can be started manually. It simply starts either on its own or at the request of the user, and updated Windows 10 is always the same.
A manual update can be called an offline update via an MSU file downloaded from the Microsoft update catalog
Upgrade to game mode
Game mode is enabled in the settings:
Click on the “Start” button and click on the gear icon to open the “Options”.
Click on the “Start” button and click on the gear to open “Options”
In the window that appears, click on “Games”
In the left part of the window, click on “Game Mode” and activate a single switch
If you don’t have game mode in the settings, just update the system using any of the suggested methods and try again.
Install a specific update
It is recommended that you download only the latest Windows 10 update, which the system itself does. Any service pack is fully installed and includes changes to all previous OS updates. Skip any specific update will not work.
It is not recommended to “chop off” the system on a specific version, but it’s up to you. Information on the contents of all updates can be found in the Windows 10 update log from the official Microsoft website.
How much do updates weigh and how long does installation take
Update Center only downloads the latest update, which is enough to update the operating system. Several packages are downloaded at the same time only if the internal version of Windows 10 is changed. In this case, their weight is added up. The updates themselves do not accumulate at all, but simply replace each other. Their sizes are approximately 500 MB for x86 systems and 1 GB for x64.
After applying the changes, the update package itself is deleted, but the size of free space on the hard disk will change:
- The size of the operating system can change within 1 GB up or down (the weight of the update itself does not affect this);
- On disk C, the update cache will remain, which by its weight is 50–80% of the update itself.
The update cache is designed to restore the system in case of failure. Usually it is deleted on its own after some time if there is not enough free space on the disk. The update cache is located on the path C: \ Windows \ SoftwareDistribution \. This is the only trace left. To remove it, you need to disable the “Update Center” and start the system in safe mode. How to do both, is written in the chapter “How to stop updating Windows 10”.
Removing the update cache will not harm the system in any way
It is difficult to predict the time that the system will spend on updating, since it depends on the capabilities of the computer and the speed of the Internet. An update can take anywhere from 15 minutes to two hours.
If you run the update check yourself, the weight of the update will be shown before downloading it. If the system starts the process itself, and there is not enough space on the computer, it will notify the user about it. The table below shows the sizes of the latest service packs for all internal versions of Windows 10 that the system will load.
Table: Package Weight for Latest Windows 10 Updates
|Windows version 10||Service pack||Weight for x86, Mb||Weight for x64, Mb|
|The first version of Windows 10||KB4034668||450.5||852|
How to update Windows 10
Typically, Windows 10 updates start without the knowledge of the user. Either the system receives a message about the appearance of something new, or it checks for updates by timer on its own. If the information on the availability of updates is confirmed, their background download will begin, and the user will know about it only after restarting the computer.
However, you can request a check for updates yourself.
The easiest way to start the scan is through the “Windows Update”, which is located in the “Settings” window.
Click on the “Start” button and open “Settings” by clicking on the gear icon.
Click on the “Start” button and open “Settings” by clicking on the gear
In the window that opens, click on “Update and Security”
Click on the button “Check for Updates”
Through the “Command Line” (forced)
Checking for updates may be prohibited through various system settings. If this is the case, you will not succeed in updating in the general way. In this case, you should use the “Command Line” to force the search for updates to begin.
Right-click on “Start” and select “Command Prompt (Administrator)” or “Windows PowerShell (Administrator)”.
Right-click on “Start” and select “Command Prompt (Administrator)”
Type wuauclt.Exe / updatenow and press Enter
Windows 10 can also be updated through special programs designed just for this purpose.
Both of the applications described below are located on the official Microsoft website in the “Software Download” section.
Utilities for updating Windows 10 can be downloaded from the official site of Microsoft
Media creation tool
- Download the Media Creation Tool from the official Microsoft website and open it as an administrator.
Run Media Creation Tool as administrator
Select “Update this computer now,” click “Next,” and continue the installation as usual.
Windows10Upgrade (upgrade to Windows 10)
Here it’s still easier, because in the application itself you have to press only one button, but it will be installed on your computer. It also allows you to upgrade to Windows 10 from version 8.1 and earlier.
Download the application from the official Microsoft website, run it as administrator and click “Update Now.”
Run Windows10Upgrade as administrator and click “Update Now”
Upgrade to a specific version
These methods can also be considered as an update without an internet connection. They differ from the previous ones in that now the search for the current version of Windows 10 will be carried out not on a Microsoft server, but on a Windows 10 image or a special file.
Via ISO Image
- Of course, you will need a Windows 10 image that you can download on the official Microsoft website. Double click on the image to emulate it. If you have an installation disk, just insert it into your computer.
If the image does not start by itself, open it from the “Explorer” as a folder
Run the installer file and continue the update as usual
Via CAB or MSU file
Files with the CAB and MSU format are special updates to Windows 10, which are designed to update systems that do not have Internet access. You can download them from the official Microsoft website. The update files should open, like regular files of the.Exe format, but if this does not happen, they can be launched through the “Command Line”.
Run Command Prompt as an administrator and enter one of the following commands:
If you have a CAB file, enter dism / online / add-package / packagepath: file_path;
Type dism / online / add-package / packagepath: path_to_file and press Enter
Type wusa.Exe file_path and press Enter
Change of edition of Windows 10 (without reinstallation and data loss)
Changing the edition of Windows 10 is only possible on a more “expensive” version of the system. If you want, for example, changing Enterprise to Professional, only a complete reinstallation of the system will help you: Enterprise is the most expensive edition. But with the Home version, the transition is more than possible.
Click on the “Start” button and click on the gear to go to “Settings”.
Click on the “Start” button and click on the gear to go to “Settings”
Click on the Update and Security section.
Select the “Activation” tab and click “Change Product Key”
Enter the desired key and click “Next”
Select the “Winodws Update Center” tab and click “Check for Updates”
How to stop updating Windows 10
If you urgently need to interrupt an ongoing Windows 10 update, quickly disconnect your Internet connection. Now you need to run the “Command Prompt” on behalf of the administrator and enter the following commands one by one: net stop wuauserv, net stop bits and net stop dosvc.
Open the Start menu, type “cmd” in the search, right-click on the “Command Prompt” and select “Run as administrator”
If you want to prohibit downloading updates, the easiest way to do this is through services.
Open the Start menu, enter “services.Msc” and run the found utility.
Find the service manager through the “Start” and run it
Find the Windows Update service and open it
Click “Stop”, select the type of startup “Disabled” and click “OK”
Problems After Updating Windows 10
Problems with a computer after updating Windows 10 are a fairly common occurrence. Fortunately, almost all of them are solved in one single way provided by Windows itself.
Open the “Start” menu and go to “Settings” by clicking on the gear.
Go to “Options”
Open the Update and Security section.
Expand the Troubleshooting tab and select your problem.
Regular updating of Windows 10 is a useful thing, but not always convenient. Nevertheless, periodic updates for this system are almost a vital necessity. It’s better to once again suffer a one-hour system update than then trying to cope with more serious computer problems.