As you know, the Android operating system is usually installed on smartphones and tablets. You can also find it on television consoles. But what if you want to try out a program designed for Android, but there is no portable device at hand? In this case, you can put the emulator. for this you need a laptop or desktop computer with Windows or Mac OS X on board.
Some people do not understand why Android cannot be installed on a computer in the manner of Microsoft OSes. It seems to them that such a restriction was introduced due to computer equipment that is not supported by the mobile operating system. This is partly true. Under Android, manufacturers of cards and many other components do not write their drivers. But the main reason is different.
The fact is that each operating system is sharpened strictly for a specific processor architecture. Products are installed in computers Intel and AMD. It is created by architecture. x86, and x64 (actually the same x86 architecture, but 64-bit). Such chipsets simply do not understand the code that is used in Android. A mobile operating system requires a completely different processor. one that has an architecture ARM. Such a chipset has smaller dimensions and minimal power consumption, and its operating principles are completely different. That’s why installing Android on a PC is not possible. But no one forbids using the emulator, as it happens in the case of starting games on a computer from very old consoles.
But in this case we are talking about the so-called real Android. However, enthusiasts along with the mobile version are developing a stationary version of this operating system. It is called: Android x86. It can already be used as the main operating system. At the time of writing (December 2019), there was an assembly based on version 9.0 of Pie.
Do not forget that computer manufacturers do not support Android at all. In this regard, do not expect stable operation of this operating system on your PC. You will regularly face suspensions and other troubles. The installation of applications will also be complicated, since they will not provide full access to Google Play content.
Install Android x86
In this article, we will not talk in detail about installing a mobile OS on a PC. There are two reasons for this. Firstly, this process is quite lengthy and time-consuming, in connection with which its description deserves a separate material. Secondly, from time to time new versions of Android x86 appear, the installation of which is slightly, and sometimes quite different. And to write about the installation of each version is pointless. Yes, and you can easily get acquainted with the installation methods on the site from which the image of the operating system is downloaded. Therefore, we note only the most important aspects of this process:
- OS is distributed as an image in the format iso or img. You can familiarize yourself with its contents with Ultra ISO, Alcohol 120% and other similar programs.
- To install the operating system, you first need to write it to a disk or USB-stick. In the second case, first make sure that your motherboard supports installing the OS from an external drive.
- Installing Android x86 is possible on any computer, including those released by Apple.
- It is possible to install Android x86 as an additional OS. In this case, Windows will remain unscathed.
- During installation, the operating system will require formatting the partition intended for it. Select NTFS and FAT32 as the formatting system.
- Android x86 operating system does not require a lot of space. Theoretically, 8 GB might be enough. But it is better to allocate at least 16 GB. However, it all depends on your methods of using this OS.
- At the end of the installation, you will need to configure the time, connect to the global web and perform other similar actions. In this regard, the process is almost no different from what you do after buying a new smartphone.
Note: Installing a full Android x86 OS is required only if you are going to use it on an ongoing basis. In particular, it is useful for application developers. In other cases, it is better to use the emulator.
You can easily install the Android emulator on a PC. no special knowledge is required for this. But you will certainly be surprised at how many diverse emulators exist. They differ from each other not only by the OS version, but also by all sorts of additional features. This is confirmed by our material called “The best Android emulators on PC”. Some of the creations of developers are designed to simplify testing of the simplest applications, while others serve to launch heavy games, while others completely meet some specific requirements.
In order to put Android on your computer in this way, you must first download the emulator itself. It should be selected based on the tasks, as well as on the power of existing computer components. Technical requirements should be sought on the official website of the developers of the selected Android emulator. Although now it’s hard not to meet the necessary requirements. usually a similar program has several gigabytes on the hard drive, a quad-core processor and about 8 GB of RAM. A rare emulator requires more.
You can find out the characteristics of your computer using the “System Properties” button located in the “Computer” section, which can be accessed by opening the “Start” menu.
Let’s install the emulator using an example Genymotion. This program supports many pre-configured Android images. She knows how to emulate an Internet connection using a variety of wireless modules. The emulator can work not only on Windows and Mac OS X, but also on Linux, which application developers working at large companies will appreciate.
Step 1. First you need to create an account on the site http://www.genymotion.com. Enter the desired login, your email address, create a password. In line Company type select “Personal use” or “N / a”. In line Usage type you can select any value, this will not affect the functionality of the emulator. Also indicate your country, after which you can check the link to the license agreement and click on the “Create an account”.
Step 2 If the login is busy, you will be asked to enter a different name. Next, an email will come to your email containing a link to activate your account. Follow it.
Step 3 Click on the red button “Continue”.
Step 4 Now click on the “Download»Located in the top menu of the site.
Step 5 Here you need to click on one of the two red buttons, depending on whether you have installed Virtualbox. If you don’t Windows, look for links to download special versions of the emulator below.
Step 6 If necessary, click on the “Save”.
Step 7 Run the downloaded exe file. If necessary, click the appropriate button.
Step 8 Select the installation language. Press the buttonOk”.
Step 9 Let the settings be left as default. Press the buttonNext”.
Step 10 The name of the program in the Start menu can also be left by default. Click on the “Next”.
Step 11 Leave a check mark if you want the emulator icon to appear on the desktop. Press the buttonNext”.
Step 12 Click on the “Install”.
Step 13 Next, install VirtualBox if it is not on your computer. Press the buttonNext”.
Note: VirtualBox requires many Android emulators. Genymotion is no exception to the rule.
Step 14 In the window that opens, do not touch anything. just click on the “Next”.
Step 15 Uncheck the box next to “Create a shortcut in the Quick Launch Bar”. You can leave a check mark next to the other two points. In extreme cases, you can always remove the VirtualBox icon from the desktop if it seems unnecessary to you. Click on the “Next”.
Step 16 Press the buttonYes”.
Step 17 Press the buttonInstall”.
Step 18 Press the buttonInstall”. This installs virtual USB ports. Then, the virtual network adapters and network service are installed in the same way. Each time, press the “Install”.
Step 19 Leave a tick and click “Finish”.
Step 20 Do the same here.
Step 21 Next, you will go to the emulator itself. Click “Accept”.
Step 22 Press the buttonYes”In order to add the first virtual device.
Step 23 Click on the “Sign in”To log in to your account.
Step 24 Enter your username and password.
Step 25 Now you should have a list of virtual devices with different screen resolutions and different versions of the operating system. You can filter the list using the corresponding items in the upper part of the window. Decide on the device and click “Next”.
Step 26 Give the virtual device a name. You can leave the one that is registered by default. Press the buttonNext”.
Step 27 Wait for the download and installation of files to finish and click the “Finish”.
Step 28 Now it remains to select the virtual device that appears at your place and click the “Start”. In the future, to add other devices, click on the “Add”.
Note: if VirtualBox generates an error, this may indicate that the virtualization feature is disabled in the BIOS. You have to go into the BIOS and enable this technology.
If everything goes well, you will soon see a desktop in front of you, familiar to different tablets and smartphones. The only exception is that the volume control and the selection of other parameters will be carried out using virtual icons.
That’s all, you managed to install Android on your computer!