How to install an SSD to your computer

Connecting and installing the SSD in a computer or laptop

What is the main recommendation to speed up or revitalize the computer, the technical capabilities of which have already significantly surrendered positions? Correct! The basic recommendation is to install an SSD drive, aka solid state drive. In fact, installing an SSD, to use a medical analogy, is “iodine for bruises, or bicarbonate of green”. A universal means to speed up healing, and in this case. it is a universal means that allows you to revive even the most “hopeless computers.

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Up until about 5 years ago, having a solid state drive in a computer was considered something of a luxury, because the cost of such storage devices was as impressive as their capabilities.

Currently, SSDs are just entering the mainstream consumer market, gradually forcing users to think about upgrading their computers.

It is quite logical that if you had a regular hard drive previously installed on your computer and it works, you can use its unreleased potential by creating an extremely ambitious “SSDHDD” bundle. How to do it and what to pay attention to when setting it up will be discussed in the topic under consideration.

How to install an SSD drive in a system unit

Installing an SSD in a computer system unit is not much different from installing a regular HDD hard drive. The main difference (regarding installation) is only the SSD width 2.5″, while the HDD’s are 3.5. Also SSD is less capricious, because in its design it does not have any movable rotating elements.

Determining the place of SSD disk installation in the system unit. Fixing

Disconnect computer from power supply and remove side panels from system unit.

In many modern models of system units developers have defined special places for SSD drives.

So in these system units installing the SDD in general is very simple. put the drive in a special compartment, snap and done!

If the system unit does not contain a special compartment for the SSD, then there are several options for mounting. For example, some SSD models also come with an adapter from the 2.5 on 3.5 inch, so you can perform the installation in any convenient free 3.The 5 inch space on the system drive.

If you did not find such an adapter with your SSD purchase, you can buy it separately.

SSD is fastened in the adapter with the supplied screws and secured in the system unit with latches (if present), or also with screws, following the example of how is fixed HDD drive.

If free 3.There is no 5 inch space in the computer or you do not want to use such space for some other reason, in this case you can use, for example, 5.A 25-inch slot, which is used to install CD and DVD drives. Only for this you will need an adapter from 5.25 by 2.5 inches.

Universal way to install an SSD drive

The above three options for installing an SSD drive make it possible to conveniently and securely fix them. But what to do, if there is no free space or there are no appropriate adapters?

The advantage of SSD drives, as we mentioned above, is the absence of moving elements (unlike conventional HDD hard drives). Т.е. SSD drives are less demanding to install. it is enough to fix them securely in any convenient place, just do not let them fall down during computer operation.

So, alternatively, you can fix the SSD drive in the computer system unit with the usual vinyl clips.

Some users even use a simple adhesive tape, but I do not recommend to use such an extreme case, because SSL drives work very hot, so to fix them with adhesive tape (or similar) is not reliable.

Connecting the SSD drive in the computer system unit

After fixing the SSD drive in the system unit, you should connect it to the computer‘s motherboard, as well as connect the power cable.

Connecting to your motherboard is done through a SATA to any SATA port. In this case, if provided and there is a possibility of using a SATA 3 connector.0 port (up to 6Gb/sec).), it is best to connect to that port to ensure that the SSD drive is as fast as possible.

Reassemble the system unit, turn it on, and set it up

After installing the SSD, reinstall the side panels of the system unit and power your computer on. Go further into BIOS setup, where you need to enable AHCI mode (to work with high-speed disks). Also need to decide:

  • What to use the SSD for?
  • Whether the HDD is left behind (if it was there in the first place, of course)?
  • Whether to migrate the operating system from HDD to the new SSD?

Depending on the answers to these questions, make appropriate settings in the BIOS, as well as further steps.

We do not need to go into these things in this article, so we may discuss them in other topics.

Installing the 2.5″ SSD

  • Shut down the system completely.
  • After completely shutting down the system, disconnect the power cable and remove the battery. Remove the battery only if you are installing a 2.5-inch SSD in a laptop computer. Refer to your user manual for instructions on how to safely remove the battery.
  • Discharge any residual electricity in your PC by holding down the power button for five seconds. If you are installing a 2.5-inch SSD in a laptop computer, discharge the battery. You need to remove static electricity that can build up in your laptop’s battery. Remove the battery and hold down the power button on your laptop for five seconds to discharge any residual electricity.
  • Open the PC case. The design differs from case to case, so refer to your owner’s manual for the correct way to open your PC case.
  • Ground yourself as a precaution. Touch a metal surface cleaned of paint or coating to discharge any residual electricity built up in the desktop PC.
  • Locate the drive bay. In desktop PCs, some drive bays and existing hard drives are much larger than standard sized SSDs. In this case you will need a 2.5″ to 3.5″ SSD adapter for proper installation. Please check your owner’s manual for the exact location and size of the drive bay.
  • Install your Kingston 2.5-inch SSD into the drive bay. Do not use force when installing. The drive must fit easily into the drive bay.
  • Download the cloning software. If you did not receive the Acronis clone software as part of your Kingston SSD kit, download the Acronis clone software here. You will need to activate the software by creating an account and following the activation instructions.
  • Run the application. After activating Acronis cloning software, launch Acronis True Image OEM application and click Clone Disk.
  • Choose a cloning method. Select the Automatic cloning method and click Next.
  • Choose the source drive. Choose the source drive you wish to clone and click Next.
  • Choose a destination disk. Choose the destination drive you want to clone your data to, and then click Next.
  • Browse to. Make sure you have selected the correct source and destination discs. You can also view the changes in the destination drive under Before and After. Click Proceed to start your data transfer.
  • Transferring data. You will be prompted to restart your computer. Close all other open applications and click Restart when ready.
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To configure the operation

After installing the drive, you must first adjust the drive for optimal performance and longevity:

  • Go into BIOS (or UEFI) using one of the methods available in your operating system. The easiest way to do this for Windows 7 is to press the function key during reboot (different motherboard or laptop manufacturers use different letters);
  • Install the SSD drive first in the list of devices (if it is not the only drive);

Now you can either transfer the system to an SSD so that you don’t have to install it again.

Or leave the old OS if the SSD will not be used as a system drive.

If you choose the first option, you should either use the built-in Windows tools (available on systems from version 7 and later), or applications such as Acronis True Image.

In the second case, when the system remains on HDD, the same hard drive should be left first in the boot list in the BIOS.

Laptop installation

Installing SSDs on a laptop is slightly different.

First of all, because there is less space inside the laptop’s casing and it is likely that the user will have to remove the first drive in order to connect the second one.

But after the installation, the laptop will work faster, and the battery life is not practically reduced, even if you reconnect the old HDD.

The user will need a standard SSD and a disk drive adapter to install. The main steps of the installation include:

  • Turning off the laptop power (by removing the battery);
  • Opening the back cover and carefully removing the HDD. The cable and power cord are disconnected;
  • Installing an SSD in place of a hard disk drive with the connection of the loop;
  • Installing the HDD using an adapter;
  • Putting the notebook lid back on;
  • Powering up your notebook and setting the system.

System setup

After returning the hard drive and installing the SSD, the system should automatically detect the type of the new device and install all the necessary software for it. Another utility like Migrate OS to SSD may be needed if you need to move the operating system from the old drive to the new one. Now we can go on to the basic actions of system optimization. These include:

The TRIM feature, which is necessary to detect in time the space left after deleting files, is a part of Windows starting from version 7. If it is disabled, the performance of the drive will decrease over time.

To test the function, open a command line as an administrator and enter the command fsutil behavior query disabledeletenotify. If the result is 1, then TRIM does not work. You can turn it on by calling the line again and entering fsutil behavior query|set DisableDeleteNotify = 0.

Disabling defragmentation

Defragmentation is completely unnecessary for SSDs. over in some cases the frequent execution of the process may even decrease the life of the drive. To avoid this, defragmentation is disabled using the Run menu (WinR) and the command dfrgui. In the window that opens turn off the optimization schedule.

Disable indexing

  • Open the My Computer window;
  • Right-click on the drive name and select “Properties”;
  • Clear the checkbox to allow indexing of file contents.

Caching

To enable caching, which allows the drive to process files faster, you can enter the devmgmt command in the Run menu.msc. This will open Device Manager, where you can open the properties of the desired drive and allow file caching on the policy tab.

Laptops

When you have tried all the above steps, you will realize that you even know how to connect 2 SSDs to your computer. The main thing is to have enough space on your motherboard.

But speaking of PCs, we should remember that SSDs were originally used en masse in laptops, because they are compact. So you can learn more about how to connect your SSD to your laptop computer.

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Of course, it is better to consider this issue with each model of the device, because there are different cases, and, accordingly, the placement of the slot for the drive is also different.

However, the most important thing is to determine where the HDD is located in your notebook. Usually you have to unplug the device and open the bottom cover. Sometimes you can take it completely off, sometimes you can unscrew the bezels. You can usually find the HDD in one of them. If you can’t find it, open your laptop’s manual.

Keep in mind that the drives in your laptop are the same size as the SSD, 2.5 inches. To remove the hard drive, you don’t just pull it out, but first pull it sideways. It will be attached to the power and SATA connector.

Then it’s just a matter of inserting the solid state drive. Don’t forget to secure it with screws. Since laptops usually have only one place for the HDD, you have to think ahead about how you are going to move the operating system: cloning or a new installation.

Step three: install the new drive

The steps for installing (or replacing) the drive are slightly different, depending on whether you’re installing the drive on a laptop or desktop PC.

Installing your new drive in your laptop

Different laptops have different ways to access the drive bay, if they allow easy access at all. In some business class designs you can replace the drive by removing one screw, others may require you to completely remove the bottom of the machine or even take out the keyboard. You can usually find specific instructions by searching online for the manufacturer and model of your laptop.

In this example, we are replacing the drive in ThinkPad T450s. The project is several years old, but it’s so small that it requires removing the entire bottom, which is pretty typical of designs that allow you to upgrade the hard drive.

To access the drive, I have to remove the battery and then remove eight different screws.

This loosens the metal plate of the case enough for me to remove it from the computer. You can see the hard drive in the bottom left corner.

To remove the drive itself, I need to remove one more screw, tighten the drive a bit, and then remove it from the built-in SATA connector.

install, your, computer

For this model, the drive disk is just a thin piece of aluminum with a rubber bumper. I removed it and then placed it on the new drive.

Then I completely modify the process by inserting the new drive into the laptop’s SATA connector, screwing the case back onto the frame, and replacing the case panel.

Again, this process will vary greatly depending on what kind of laptop you have. If you need a step-by-step breakdown for your model, Google is your friend. you’ll usually find at least a few users who want to do the same thing, and maybe an article or video if you’re lucky.

Installing your new drive in your desktop PC

This process is a bit more complicated than on a laptop, but the good news is that removing the case and accessing the drive is usually much easier than on most laptops.

You will need a standard Philips head screwdriver and a SATA cable. If you are replacing the entire drive, you can use a SATA cable already connected. Your power supply probably has a free SATA power connection. there are often multiple connectors available. but if not, you’ll need an adapter cable. If you work in an area that’s particularly susceptible to static electricity, you’ll also need an anti-static wrist strap. If you built your own computer, the screws needed to install the new drive should have come with a case. hopefully you kept the accessory box. If not, you need to get some screws to replace. Finally, you’ll need a bowl or cup for screws.

Turn the machine off and disconnect all cables, then move it to your workstation. It should be a cool, dry place that’s easy to get to, preferably without a carpet underneath you. If you know the configuration of the inside of your computer, feel free to place it at the most accessible angle. If you don’t, just leave it upright. you may need to remove several panels for a complete installation.

Remove the access panel on the main side of the case. it’s on the left if you’re looking at the computer from the front. Most designs require you to remove two or three screws from the back side before it slips off or comes out. Set the access panel aside. Some desktop computers require you to remove the entire case cover, not just the access panel. If you’re not sure, look up the desktop model or case online. The instructions should be easy to find.

Take a minute to orient yourself. If you’re working on a regular desktop computer, you’re probably looking at a motherboard with a square power supply at the top or bottom of the case. You should see the drive or drives in your computer installed in the front of the case. The SATA data cable must be routed from the motherboard to the drive. The SATA power cable should be routed from the power supply to the drive.

install, your, computer

Note. If you do not see a larger 3.5-inch drive or a smaller 2.5-inch drive, it may be installed elsewhere. In newer designs this is often behind the motherboard itself. remove the opposite access panel to check.

If you are not leaving your old drive in your system for extra storage, now is the time to take it out. You can also leave the cables connected to the motherboard and power supply and then simply plug them into the new drive after installation.

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First, disconnect the data and power cables from the back of the old drive. There’s nothing too complicated about it: just pull it out. Some cables have a small tongue locking mechanism that you have to squeeze first.

If the drive is on a slide-out box, remove it (and note that some slide-outs are screwed in place). Now just use your screwdriver to remove the screws from the drive, whether it is in the case or attached directly to the case. Screws come in a variety of sizes and lengths. some include silicone gaskets to dampen sound. and can be installed on the bottom of the drive or on the side, depending on the design of your case. It doesn’t really matter: just remove them, set them aside in a place where you won’t lose them.

How to Install an M SSD.2 PCIe NVMe

Install an M solid state drive (SSD).2 by Kingston is very simple, and it will greatly improve the performance of your computer. Follow these steps to speed up your device and free up storage space.

Preparing your workspace

You’ll need to set up your workspace so you can safely and properly install your new Kingston SSD. It is very important to clean the workplace of anything that can accumulate static electricity, as it can damage the new M.2.

  • Get all the materials you need. You’ll need your computer, a screwdriver, a new Kingston SSD, and your computer‘s user manual.
  • Back up important files. Before installing the SSD, save important files from your computer’s old drive onto an external SSD, USB drive, or cloud storage.
  • Take your time. Now you have everything you need to install your new M.2. The appearance of your computer may be slightly different than shown, but the process should be the same. Read each step carefully, and if you have difficulty identifying components of your computer, refer to the user manual.

Useful tip SSD drives and NVMe drivers are not supported in Windows 7. Contact the manufacturer of your computer or motherboard for more help. Microsoft offers a patch for Windows 7 that may provide initial support for NVMe drives.

Installing an M.2

  • Turn off your computer completely.
  • Unplug the power cord and remove the battery. Remove the battery only if you are installing the M SSD.2 SSD in a laptop or laptop computer. See your owner’s manual for instructions on how to safely remove the battery.
  • Empty the battery. You need to remove any static electricity that may be building up in your laptop’s battery. Remove the battery and hold down the power button on the laptop/portable for five seconds to discharge any residual electricity.
  • Open the computer case. Different cases are designed differently, so consult your owner’s manual for the correct way to open your computer case.
  • As a precaution, ground yourself. Touch a metal surface cleaned of paint or coating to discharge any static electricity built up on your body.
  • Locate the M slot.2 PCIe. This should be an easy task in a desktop computer. Laptop/portable computers have an M-slot.2 PCIe is usually located underneath the bottom panel or under the keyboard. See your system’s owner’s manual for details.
  • Insert the M SSD gently.2 Kingston by holding it by the edges. Do not touch the gold-plated pins on the connector. Align the connectors on the SSD with the connectors in the PCIe slot and insert the M SSD.2 at an angle of 30 degrees. The drive should slide easily into the slot without excessive force.You may need to screw in the M SSD.2 SSD to the mount on the PCIe slot to secure it in place. Do not overtighten the screw or you may damage the SSD. At this point it is recommended that you refer to your user manual.
  • Reassemble the computer. After installing the M SSD.2 Reassemble the desktop computer. If you are using a laptop or laptop computer, be sure to reinsert the battery if it has been removed.
  • Turn on your computer. Your computer should boot from the old drive if you did not remove the drive before installing the new SSD. It’s time to clone the data from the old drive to the new M SSD.2.

Clone the M.2

  • Download the cloning software. If you did not receive the Acronis cloning software as part of your Kingston SSD kit, download the Acronis cloning software here. You will need to activate the software by creating an account and following the instructions for activating.
  • Run the application. After activating the Acronis clone software, launch the Acronis True Image OEM application and click Clone Disk.
  • Choose a Clone Method. Choose the Automatic cloning method and then click Next.
  • Select Source Disk. Select the source drive you want to clone and click Next.
  • Choose Destination Disk. Select the destination disk to which you want to clone data, and then click Next.
  • Review. Be sure that your source and destination drives are selected correctly. You can also see the changes in the target drive under Before and After. Click Proceed to start data transfer operation.
  • Data transfer. A prompt will be displayed informing you that your computer must be restarted. Close all other open applications and click Restart when ready. Your system will load into Acronis Clone App and data migration will start. Your computer will shut down when the data transfer is complete.
  • This completes the cloning process. You may remove the old drive while your computer is completely shut down. Once you turn your computer back on, it will boot from the new M SSD.2.
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