A friend called on the phone and complained that the children could not pull the turtle out from under the wardrobe, at least move the wardrobe. I asked. why pull it out of there? After all, turtles at this time find a nook and go to sleep … A friend could not answer my question. Personally, it seems to me that the turtle itself knows when and what to do.
I don’t have a turtle, I have a cat, and I try not to interfere in the affairs of my cat, he will somehow understand them. Healthy, fun. and good.
The tortoise is also not stupid, take at least Tortilla, after all, she lived for 300 years.
According to the ideas of the ancient Chinese, the picture of the universe looked like this: in the center. a sea turtle of cosmic dimensions, and on its back. Land.
The Chinese also saw a model of the universe in the form of a tan-ki tortoise (Turtle-Spirit-Life). The shell of Tan-Ki appeared to them in the form of a dome designating the vault of heaven, and the belly denoted land floating on the water.
On the shell of this turtle was captured the cosmic treatise – the "Universal Rule".
The ancient Chinese believed that turtles lived for more than 3,000 years, dispensing with food and water. And they equated this longevity with eternity.
One of the Chinese legends tells about how once the sage Fu Xi, who lived in China more than two thousand years ago, carried out irrigation work in Yellow River. And towards him in the evening, when he was resting from day labor, a giant black turtle crawled out of the sea. The sage drew attention to the fact that her carapace was divided into 9 squares. So, say the Chinese, a magic square appeared, which the sages carefully studied and created on its basis numerology and astrology. Then the famous book of ancient China appeared. Book of changes.
The tortoise is also one of the five sacred animals. It symbolized the north, winter and water.
In Chinese philosophy, the tortoise represents the harmony between the two energies. yin and yang.
In ancient India, the turtle was revered as the second incarnation of the god Vishnu.
But what about real turtles?
It is known that two Central Asian turtles visited space in 1968 on the Soviet spacecraft Zond-5, which circled the moon for the first time in the world.
What pleased me most was that after the space travel, both astronauts returned to earth alive.
Actually turtles. very ancient animals. It is believed that they lived on the earth already 250 million years ago, that is, together with dinosaurs, much earlier than humans appeared.
For example, in New Mexico, a fossil of a turtle was discovered, which, according to scientists, is 210 million years old.
Some researchers suggest that turtles descended directly from cotylosaurs, the most ancient primitive reptiles.
So, representatives of the extinct genus Eunotosaurus also had a flattened body and widened ribs.
Turtles. Chelonia. detachment of reptiles, a class of reptiles whose body is covered with shell.
More than 300 species and subspecies of turtles are known, some of them live on land (land turtles), and some. only in water (freshwater and sea turtles), there are still semi-aquatic that live on land and in water. All turtles are united in 12 families.
Turtles live on almost all continents: in Europe, Asia, Africa, South and North America, Australia.
Sea turtles. very large animals, with limbs similar to flippers.
They go ashore only to lay eggs or soak up the sun.
On land, they look very clumsy and move with difficulty.
Land turtles come in very different sizes, from very small to giants.
In nature, turtles grow fast. For a year they can gain in weight from 2 to 11 kg.
The body of turtles is enclosed in a shell that is very durable and can withstand heaviness up to 100-150 kg.
The inner layer of the carapace is bone, its fragments are called plates, and the outer one consists of rigid horn tissue, its elements are called scutes.
The shell protects the body of the turtle and partly the head and legs.
As the turtle grows, horny matter also grows along the edges of each scute. The annual rings on the shields determine the age of the turtle.
The turtles have a long movable neck, which they pull under the shell in moments of danger and simply fright.
Although turtles do not have teeth, instead of them. rather sharp horny edges. Turtles bite quite noticeably if they do not like something, if they pester and squeeze.
Paws of land turtles. with claws, adapted for digging holes.
In water turtles, the carapace is flatter and smoother, while in land turtles it is more like a high dome.
In small turtles, the shell is soft and hardens as it grows older.
Females and males are not much different from each other.
Experts say that males of some species have a thicker and longer tail than females. There are differences in color, body size, and of the head separately, in the color and shape of the plates.
Before mating, the male looks after the female, gently pushing her head and nibbling, some males growl.
Mating occurs both in water and on land.
Females of some species of turtles manage to keep sperm once received from the male viable for several years, and annually fertilize eggs.
In a year, turtles have one clutch of up to 200 eggs, and sea turtles. up to seven clutches per year.
When the number of eggs laid is reduced, the female will need a new portion of sperm.
The eggs of turtles are white, round or oval.
Typically, females dig them into the ground in a well-lit area.
Turtles hatch soft-bodied, and they are often eaten by animals and birds.
And turtles live not 300 years, but, according to zoologists, only 50 years old.
Although turtles are found from time to time, which are over 150 years old.
Turtles. omnivores. They eat both plant and animal feed.
Young turtles will die if they do not get food daily, and adults can go without food for months.
Turtles have good eyesight and sense of smell.
They do not hear very well, but perceive vibrations transmitted through the soil.
Turtles were mercilessly destroyed for a long time because of the shell. A tortoise soup is considered a sign of luxury.
Now in large cities in Chinese restaurants you can get a bowl of turtle soup for less money.
Soup is delicious only from the Green or Soup tortoise, which lives in the southern seas and which is not so easy to get.
In Russia, soup is made from all sorts of turtles, not at all intended for this, and most often for a long time in a necrotic state. The cargo is smuggled to Russia.
In my opinion, turtles need to be protected and not caught from wildlife.
Turtles are quite smart, they get used to the daily routine, if you install it and do not change it. They quickly get used to the owner and even follow him.
Homes most often contain land turtles. They can only be kept in a terrarium with heating and an ultraviolet lamp.
Turtles will need a horizontal terrarium with an area of up to 2 meters, quite wide so that the animal can move in it.
Turtles do not tolerate heat, and temperatures above 38–40 ° C can kill them. Therefore, it is better to set the terrarium on the north side so that it does not fall in the bright sun.
In the cold season, there should be heating lamps in the terrarium.
Although I know many people whose turtles simply lived in an apartment and crawled wherever they wanted, experts say that this is unacceptable and very harmful to animals.
5-10 cm pebble soil is poured into the terrarium.
Feed the tortoise 2-3 times a week.
Mainly give well-washed fruits and vegetables.
Carrots, beets rubbed on a grater.
Sprouts of wheat and oats, seaweed, a little ground beef are added to the feed. In spring and summer. clover, leaves of plantain, dandelion.
Do not give turtles bread, meat, sausage, cottage cheese, food for cats and dogs. Experts say that from such food turtles will suffer and die.
Turtles need water for drinking in a drinking bowl and a tray with water buried in the ground for swimming.
If the pan is deep, then you need to make a ladder along which the turtle can get out after swimming.
The water level in the pan should not exceed half the height of the tortoise shell.
Water must be defended.
Another turtle needs a shelter, it can be a wooden box turned upside down with free entrance so that the turtle does not have to squeeze into it.
In winter, land turtles are irradiated with ultraviolet light, and in the summer they take out for a walk on the grass, in the sun and make sure that they do not climb anywhere, for example, in a hole or in a crack.
In the country, you can fence a special small area for keeping the turtle in the fresh air in the warm season.
Sow the land on the tortoise plot with clover, oats, dandelion. But make sure that there are no poisonous plants.
In case of any health problems, turtles should not self-medicate. You need to contact your veterinarian.
And it turns out that it is impossible to let the turtles go into hibernation at home. This can lead to illness.
I called my friend. Fortunately, their turtle came out from under the chiffonier, and they go on Sunday for the terrarium. Enough to wander around the corners.
And in the Latvian city of Daugavpils on May 21, 2009 a monument to the European marsh turtle was unveiled.