Trachemys is an exotic predator that requires special maintenance at home. The appearance, health, and life span of a reptile depend on the proper care of the red-eared turtle, a balanced diet. If you want your pet to grow well, not get sick, be active, then pay special attention to his diet. Let’s talk about how to properly and how to feed the red-eared turtles at home.
The content of the article:
How to feed adult red-eared turtles
River and sea raw fish is the main food element of the red-eared turtle, which should be 80% of the adult animal’s diet. Lean species with fat content not exceeding 9-10 g per 100 grams are most useful: hake, pike, cod, herring, blue whiting, halibut, perch, pollock, gobies, etc. It is advisable to give the whole fish: with the head, bones, entrails containing all the necessary vitamins and minerals to form the skeleton, muscle mass of the red-eared turtle.
Offal of poultry or beef (liver, heart) is the main source of vitamin A, responsible for the normal growth and condition of the epithelium of the reptile. The deficiency leads to a violation of the skin, exfoliation of the horny scutes, conjunctivitis, and other diseases of the rubella tortoise. Feeding reptiles by-products on a regular basis helps prevent many serious pet health problems. The liver or heart is used as a natural top dressing for aquatic turtles, not more than 1 time per week.
Insects, crustaceans, mollusks are an additional source of calcium and vitamins for the Red-eared Turtle. Eating this type of living creature helps to make the pet’s diet more diverse, saturated with useful trace elements. It is recommended to include in the feeding of an adult turtle 1 time in 2 weeks: bloodworms, raw shrimps, snails, earthworms, wood lice, crickets, beetles, etc.
Plant-based feed helps diversify your pet’s diet by offloading the digestive system after heavy animal food. For an adult red-eared turtle, the nutrition should consist of 50% of the plants. As a feed, they mainly use water: hornwort, vallisneria, water hyacinth, duckweed, pistachia, and meadow plants – dandelion leaves, clover, daisies, etc.
Dry food for feeding the red-eared turtle is used as a treat or in the absence of the ability to organize a full-fledged intake of natural food. Continuous nutrition of semi-finished industrial products negatively affects the digestive system, leads to metabolic disorders, various diseases of the pet. The main micronutrients and vitamins reptile should receive only from natural food, as close as possible to the reptile’s habitat.
How to feed the little red-eared turtles
Having bought a reptile, many have the question: "How to feed small aquatic turtles?" The diet of young individuals should be as diverse and balanced as possible. Little red-eared turtles are full-fledged predators. The basis of nutrition is natural animal feed. The diet should consist of 80% of small river or sea raw fish, the remaining 20% - offal, crustaceans, mollusks, insects. As an additional food supply, live aquarium fish of guppies, mollies, swordsmen, which are launched into the terrarium to the turtle, are used.
What can not feed red-eared turtles
It is not recommended to give oily fish and meat (pork, lamb), white cabbage and other varieties of cabbage, spinach, legumes, tomatoes or other plants containing substances (oxalates, excess phosphorus) that interfere with the absorption of calcium in the body of reptiles in large quantities. It is strictly forbidden to use food from the human diet for feeding the red-eared turtle: bread, cottage cheese, cheese, sausage, cereal, other boiled or fried foods. Do not give reptiles dry feed and vitamin supplements intended for mammals.
How and how many times to feed red-eared turtles
The main reason for the development of diseases of red-eared turtles is banal overfeeding. Excessive nutrition leads to tympanum, carapace pyramidality, and pet obesity. Particularly dangerous is overfeeding at a young age, when the reptile develops actively, in case the animals undergo acclimatization after purchase or recovery from illness. Let’s talk about how much and how often to feed the red-eared turtle.
Young individuals of the red-eared turtle, up to one year old or up to 10-12 cm in size by plastron, are fed 1 time per day daily in the morning or in the afternoon. Serving size depends on the activity of the animal. It is recommended that you give this amount of food at a time so that the red-eared turtle eats it for 15-30 minutes. Usually this is 2-3 small pieces of fish or other food in the size of 1 cubic meter. see. If a young red-eared turtle refuses food, reduce the serving size plus spend one or two days of hunger strike.
Adult red-eared turtles, aged one year or more, are transferred to the main food once a few days or 2-3 times a week. Plant food on an ongoing basis can be found in a terrarium so that the reptile can feed on the rest of the days. The older the individual, the greater the interval required between periods of feeding animal food, up to 1 time per week. If an adult red-eared turtle refuses to eat, it is recommended to give portions of smaller volume and less often.
Only the owner can decide what and how to feed the red-eared aquatic turtle. But when choosing a diet and determining a nutritional schedule, it is important to remember the main thing: a healthy reptile is a hungry reptile. Balanced food in moderation, compliance with the required temperature regime will allow your beloved pet to be active and healthy for many years.