Usually in winter, turtles are not as active as at other times, and can even hibernate for several weeks. Therefore, the main rule of feeding is to reduce portions while maintaining a fairly balanced diet.
Diet and rules for feeding a tortoise
In fact, you can feed a land tortoise in winter with the same products as in summer. In its diet, the main share should be greens – 75%, as well as fruits, vegetables and various berries – 15%. The remaining 10% are dietary supplements and vitamins, animal products (sometimes a pet can be fed with cottage cheese).
Nutrition can be provided through the products presented in the list:
- fresh vegetables (carrots, white cabbage, cucumbers, beets);
- fresh fruits (bananas, pears, different types of apples);
- berries (you can defrost summer billets);
- fresh pumpkin if it has been preserved since the summer.
All fruits and vegetables contain a large amount of water – from 50% to 95% of the mass fraction. Therefore, it is not necessary to drink the animal additionally: the turtle will receive the bulk of the moisture with food. However, 2-3 times a month you can put a cup with fresh water – if necessary, the pet will drink as much as she needs.
The feeding regimen remains the same:
- Young individuals eat daily (up to 3 years of age).
- Older representatives eat 2 times a week.
Serving size compared to the usual can be reduced, but not too much: the Central Asian tortoise, like other species, should eat moderately, but also not feel hungry. Weekly regular menu can be varied with various additives:
- raw sunflower seeds (peeled);
- special dry feed mixtures (according to instructions);
- raw edible mushrooms (champignons, shiitake, etc.);
- dry seaweed or seaweed;
- cottage cheese.
At home, as in nature, a land turtle eats food on its own, can take it from a plate, from the floor, or even from the owner’s hands. It is recommended to choose the same feeding place and ensure its cleanliness: for this, the food is placed in a shallow and large plate, in which the turtle can easily crawl and go back.
Video: feeding a Central Asian tortoise in winter
Diet and feeding rules for Red-eared Turtle
Eating a red-eared turtle in winter is also not too different from the summer menu. However, the serving size and frequency of feeding are slightly reduced (once a week or less). Young individuals should be fed 3-4 times a week. It is also better to provide turtles with a large amount of herbs and vitamin supplements and slightly reduce the meat content.
Mostly red-eared turtles eat the following foods in winter:
In winter, you can also feed the red-eared turtle with live fish: it will be happy to hunt guppies, swordsmen and other small individuals. Constant access to fresh water is a must. Such turtles like to wet food with water, so when feeding in a dry terrarium, they need to consume quite a lot of moisture.
What products should be excluded
The land tortoise eats mostly plant foods in winter and summer, and the red-eared animal. Therefore, giving the first meat is unacceptable, as well as feeding the second only vegetable feed. There is also a general list of prohibited foods that can not be fed turtles neither in winter nor in summer:
- Any spicy greens.
- Onion garlic.
- Any cooked, fried (prepared) food from a person’s menu.
- Any food for cats, dogs, etc.
- Poisonous plants (aloe, cacti, etc.).
- Cheese, kefir and other dairy products (excluding cottage cheese).
- Flour, sweet, etc.
- Any cereals, semolina.
During feeding, attention should be paid to the behavior of the animal. Both red-eared and land tortoises fall into hibernation in nature. Therefore, if the pet is not too active, sleeps a lot, it is better to stop feeding it for 2-3 weeks, and give water constantly. Then she will go to sleep in a cool dark place – for this they prepare a special box with sand, peat and moss.