Determining the sex of an exotic animal is not easy. This applies to frogs, fish, lizards and turtles. On the one hand, it is not necessary to know what gender your pet is, if he lives alone. And if you have two of them and you want to get offspring? Here it will be necessary to understand.
Usually, sex can only be determined when it has reached puberty. Closer to six to eight years. And the length of the shell by the time you decide to recognize the boy or girl as your pet should be about eleven centimeters. But in the process of determining gender, you will have to work on a comparative analysis of the data.
How to distinguish the gender of red-eared turtles?
In principle, for all turtles there is a single sex determination system. Only for rubella it begins to act when they are a little more than a year or two, and the length of the carapace is nine to ten centimeters – a version for males, and the age is from three to eight years with a chitin cover length of up to eighteen centimeters – for females. Here is a small guide on how to find out the gender of the red-eared turtles. You can use this list at home without torturing the pet on the way to the specialist.
The first thing you should note when studying pets, the claws on the front legs of the males are longer and stronger than that of female red-eared turtles. First, the boys arrange a “seduction dance” in front of their “girlfriend”. And then strong claws will serve well during mating, when the male will have to hold on to the carapace of the "girlfriend".
The second feature is the concave part of the ventral side of the carapace in males and the flat in females. This evolutionary feature makes it easier for males to mate when they are on the female’s back, where the carapace is particularly arched.
On this, we did not finish talking about bone cover. Upon examination, note that in males it has a more elongated and elongated shape than in females.
The following feature: males are distinguished by a long and thick tail so that a genital organ can hide there. But the female has a small tail, and the oviduct hidden in the cesspool does not thicken it at all.
And the cesspool of males and females is not the same. In girls, it is closer to the edge of the shell and looks like an asterisk. And in the opposite sex it is a little further and looks like a longitudinal line.
Another way to distinguish the gender of red-eared turtles. consider femoral spurs. In males, they are more pronounced.
Do not forget about the size of the turtle. Boys are a little smaller since they do not have to bear eggs. Even in males, the posterior end of the plastron (the ventral part of the carapace) is sharper and similar to the Latin letter V, while in females it is rounded and forms a hole whose diameter is larger than that of males. Also, the nose in males is longer and has a sharper shape.
The easiest way to determine the sex of the red-eared turtle is to observe the behavior during the mating season. Males become terribly active. They chase the female, flirt with her, nod their head. Sometimes they show aggression towards her, bite her neck. Another sign in behavior – males invert the genital organ during bowel movements or during manipulations in the back of the body.
Now you are armed with the necessary knowledge and you can conduct your own “investigation” to determine the sex of your pet. Turtles are very calm and lead a measured lifestyle, so it’s not difficult to follow them. You will be happy with the kids that they will give you.
Often the gender of the pet is crucial when purchasing it. But if determining the sex of a dog or cat is not particularly difficult even for lay people, then determining the sex of a land tortoise is much more difficult.
Knowledge of belonging to a particular land tortoise floor they may come in handy if the owner plans to breed them, yes, and simply, when choosing a nickname and choosing to share individual individuals.
Tortoise floor it is possible to determine with great accuracy when an individual is already at an adult age. This is approximately 1.5-2 years. Sex can be determined by some external signs.
If you carefully examine the paws of a reptile, you can see the difference between the masculine and feminine. In males, the claws are much stronger, thicker and longer than in females. This is due to the need to fix your body during the mating period. In females, the nails are small and dull.
However, the claw length is not a 100% sign for determining the sex of a tortoise. Reptile claws can grind over a lifetime. It depends in what conditions the turtle lives and what coverage in the aquarium, as well as the duration of its stay on land.
Shell sex determination
Another way to determine the sex of a land tortoise is to examine its shell. plastron. If the turtle has a concave plastron shape, as well as outstanding growths of skin on the hips, the so-called femoral spurs, then this is a male. These growths for the skin he needs to stay on the female when mating.
The females are characterized by a flat shell. In all females, concavity is almost imperceptible or completely absent. The male can be identified by the concave abdomen, and the female by flat or slightly convex.
Also, determining the floor of the pet will help to examine the back of the carapace. In the male, the carapace in the tail region is strongly bent to the ground. The shell completely covers its tail. In females, the tail is small and fully visible from under the shell.
Females capable of mating are characterized by the presence of visible cusps on the shell. Males also have similar tubercles at an early age, however, as they grow older, these tubercles smooth out. Males who have reached puberty have no tubercles and the carapace is smooth.
In addition, the shells of the male and female turtles differ in shape. In males, the carapace has an oblong shape. In females, on the contrary, the carapace is wider and round.
In males, the genital organ is located precisely in the tail. The shape of their tail has some peculiarity. It is long enough and expands at its base. Females, on the contrary, have a thin and short ponytail.
Form of cesspools in turtles
The shape of her cloaca will tell about the land tortoise field. Female turtles have a cesspool, in its shape resembling a star. She is located almost on the edge of her shell. In males, on the contrary, the cloaca is located at some distance from the carapace and has the form of a longitudinal strip.
Other sexual characteristics in turtles
The sex of a tortoise can be determined by its size. In order for females to endure healthy offspring, nature created them of a larger size. The difference in size between the male and the female is especially noticeable if several individuals live in the aquarium at the same time.
Sex turtles can be determined by the color of their eyes. Most often, females have yellow eyes, and males have brown eyes.
You can also determine the sex of reptiles by their behavior. Particularly visible is the difference in the mating season. It is by behavior that one can know as accurately as possible where the female tortoise is and where the male tortoise.
To impress females, males behave extremely actively and even aggressively with their relatives. They usually arrange fights and attack each other, while biting their rivals for parts of the body that are not protected by the shell.
In front of the females, male turtles demonstrate all their advantages. It looks like a kind of dance. Males begin to swing their front paws, intensively move their heads from top to bottom, actively move their tail and make attempts to climb females.
When fighting, the males roll over on their backs and strike each other with clawed paws. This behavior is not typical for females. Females are always calm and unhurried, even during the mating season.
For each species, and there are more than a dozen of them, in addition to the general signs of sex determination, there are individual characteristics that are characteristic only for him. It can be the color of the eyes, nose or a special shape of the tail. Only a specialist can determine sex by such signs.
How to distinguish the red-eared tortoise of a boy from a girl?
It will be easier to cope with this task if you compare individuals of the same age. is an inhabitant of fresh water bodies. Its decoration was a spot of bright red or different shades of yellow, located next to the eyes. Determine the sex of reptiles becomes possible from the age of one.
Some of the main differences between females and males, which even a beginner can notice:
- The size. If you compare two turtles the size of a palm, the female is significantly larger than her partner.
- Front claws. The male has longer and larger claws. During mating games, they allow you to attract female individuals by scratching their neck.
- Tail. When examining the back of the body, you can see the tail, which in boys is more dense and long.
- Behavior. Males are distinguished by aggressive behavior, unlike loving females.
- Anus location. In girls, it is located near the carapace.
- Shape and size of cesspools. Since nature has endowed the female with the ability to lay eggs, the appearance of cesspools can be compared with an asterisk. It is larger in diameter, in contrast to the opening of the male, having the shape of a longitudinal line.
How to distinguish a land tortoise of a boy from a girl?
Some species of reptiles have signs of gender difference, characteristic only for them. For example, males belonging to yellow-headed Indian turtles have a pink nose, and in representatives of the marsh turtles the girl is sometimes inferior in size to her partner. Therefore, along with the acquisition of a small pet, it is advisable to arm yourself with knowledge about its species.
For the offspring of a turtle, gender determination is especially important. But since these animals do not have a pronounced sexual trait, it is difficult to unequivocally say where is the “boy” and where is the “girl”. Therefore, being the owner of such an exotic animal and wondering how to distinguish the sex of a turtle, you will have to be especially observant, paying attention to studying the distinctive external characteristics of your pet and its behavior in a group of relatives.
How to distinguish the sex of a turtle: general nuances
How to distinguish the sex of a turtle by external signs
Carapace and Plastron
The shell of males is more elongated, elongated in comparison with the shell of females. The ventral side of the tortoise shell (plastron) is one of the most characteristic features by which the sex of an animal can be quickly and easily recognized. As soon as the turtle is turned over, the differences will be noticeable: the back of the plastron in the male is slightly concave, and in the female it is flat, which ensures the convenience of mating of these animals. True, this applies only to sexually mature individuals whose carapace reaches 11 cm. In most species of turtles, males are usually smaller than females.
Tail, cesspool and claws
Nature rewarded male turtles with longer and wider tails at the base than females. An additional definition will be the shape of the tail. In males, the tail is usually bent to the ground, and in females it is very short and straight.
In the female turtle, the anus is located closer to the upper part of the carapace and the tip of the tail and has the shape of an asterisk, whereas in males. in the form of an elongated line. Another distinctive feature of these animals is claws. In males on their forepaws, they are usually much longer than in females (with the exception of panther turtles, which have the opposite). In male box turtles, the claws are thickened on the front and bent down on the hind legs.
Males of the Carolina box turtle have a red iris, and in marsh turtles, females have yellowish and dark brown eyes in males, which can also be distinguished by a whitish upper lip in this type. The distinctive features of female turtles include jaws that are more developed than males. Male red-eared turtles are distinguished by a pointed muzzle with a longer nose compared to females.
How to find out the sex of a turtle: behavior analysis
To determine the gender, it will be ideal to watch your pet in the company of its relatives. Male turtles are more active and pronounced, especially during mating, aggressive behavior, and females are usually more likely to hide their heads in shells. In the company of their own kind, male turtles show increased aggression: they bite at the paws of females and fight with shells with other males. In the mating season, the male actively flirts with the female: he warns in front of her face and specifically shakes his head.
Now many make turtles, claiming that these wise centenarians to some extent have sympathy for their owners. Some turtles love affection, especially when the owner pats them on the head. They become literally members of our family. The tortoise can be your best friend if you can provide her with proper care.
What turtle to have?
Many people care about how to determine the sex of the turtle. The answer to it can be found very easily by reading the article. There are many external signs that will help you determine the gender of your turtle. However, if she is very small, you will not be able to determine her gender for sure. This can usually be done when the turtle has reached puberty.
How to determine the gender?
Let’s figure out how to determine the sex of a turtle? There are several key signs that will help you understand correctly. whom you purchased. male or female:
- All males have longer tails.
- Female individuals have flat and shorter tails.
- If the lower part of the shell is concave, most likely. This is a boy.
- In the event that the plastron is completely flat, then you have acquired a girl.
- In males, the rear end of the plastron has a certain shape, different from females, in the form of the letter V.
- The claws of males are longer and curved
If you do not know how to determine the sex of the turtle, you need to contact a veterinarian who will help you deal with your pet.
- Turtles eat very little: it is enough to feed them 2-3 times a week.
- They do not emit unpleasant odors.
- Defecation of the turtle is carried out in water.
- Turtles consume very little fluid.
- Able to withstand any temperature.
- Very quiet and peaceful animals.
How to care for a turtle?
Turtles can adapt to any habitat. Once you have found the answer to the question of how to determine the sex of the turtle, you can move on to the features of caring for pets. In captivity, turtles live no more than thirty years. They need to be kept in a spacious aquaterrarium. Turtles simultaneously need both land and water. Equip a convenient and spacious island in the aquarium where your pet will relax and bask under the lamp.
Water in the aquatorrarium needs to be changed once a month. It is best to use standing water. Turtles. very thermophilic, therefore, it is necessary to install a lamp over the equipped island. You can feed the turtle: minced meat, granular feed, bloodworms, boiled fish. Small turtles must be fed daily, including fresh vegetables in their diet. An adult can be fed three times a week. They are very fond of lettuce and young cabbage. Food must be stored on the island. Too overgrown claws of your turtle can be shortened with special tweezers. Domestic turtles are very welcoming and crawl out of the water at the sight of their master.
How to feed a turtle:
- Fruits and berries.
- Young leaves of cabbage.
- Fresh cucumbers.
- Dandelions and clover.
- Leaves of young trees.
- Low-fat varieties of meat and fish.
- Hercules flakes.
- Hard boiled chicken eggs.
- Low-fat cottage cheese.
some kind of "scanty" review … as if in a hurry somewhere