How to install the SSD drive: step by step installation and setup instructions
To increase computer performance, as well as get rid of noise while working laptop or system unit, SSD drive is useful. a large, fast and silent “flash drive”.
Note. The computer will not “hum” if only an SSD is installed. Installing this device in addition to the classic hard drive will not get rid of noise, but will speed up the work of the “machine” and increase storage space.
In this article we will consider how to connect the SSD drive to a desktop PC, as well as install it in a laptop. From the material you will learn what to do to put a solid-state drive and configure an SSD system by yourself.
How to connect an SSD drive to your computer
Solid State Drives or SSDs are rapidly gaining popularity. and more users decide to try SSD drive and install an operating system on it. But most have no experience with this type of drives. That’s why on the thematic forums are often quite interested in how to connect the SSD drive to your computer. In this article we will consider the process of connection of SSD disks to a desktop computer.
Firstly, the process of connecting the SSD drive to your computer is not fundamentally different from connecting a normal hard drive. So if you know how to connect hard drives, then you will not have any difficulty connecting SSDs either. The only difficulty is how to fix the SSD drive inside the case, but about that a little later.
Prepare your computer to connect the SSD drive.
Before you connect the SSD drive, you must completely power off the computer. To do this, unplug the cable that leads to a power outlet. Then unplug the remaining cables and remove the side covers of the system unit. Usually, they are attached with four screws at the back of the system unit.
The SSD drive is a fully electronic device. Unlike hard drives it has no moving parts and therefore does not create vibration and noise. That’s why the SSD disk may be installed anywhere in the system unit.
Your task is to choose a place where the SSD drive can be conveniently fixed so that it does not dangle inside the computer. Otherwise, when you move the computer or the next maintenance of the computer SSD drive may hit other components of the computer and damage them.
The easiest and at the same time the most reliable option is to install the SSD drive in the bay for hard drives. But since the hard drive bays are designed for 3.5-inch devices, and the SSD drive is in a 2-inch form factor.5 inch, then we need special skids (mount). Quite often, these skids come with the drive itself. If they are not available, you can buy them separately.
SSD drive is attached to the skid with 4 screws, which are screwed from the bottom of the skid. Then the sled itself is inserted into the system unit in the compartment for 3.5-inch hard drives and are attached using 4 screws.
Connecting the SSD drive to your computer.
After fixing the skids inside the system unit, you can begin connecting cables to the SSD drive. SSDs connect like a modern hard drive, i.e. with two SATA cables.
The wide SATA cable is the power, it connects to your computer’s power supply. A narrow SATA cable is a data cable which connects to your motherboard.
If your motherboard supports SATA 3.0, then it is better to connect the SSD drive exactly to the SATA 3 ports.0. SATA 3 Ports.0 provide significantly faster data transfer speeds, so you can get the most out of your SSD drive.
The SATA 3 ports on your motherboard.0 ports are in a different color. Consult your motherboard user manual so you do not confuse the issue.
Once you have connected the cables to the SSD drive, you can close and turn on your computer. If you plan to install an operating system on an SSD don’t forget to change the boot priority in your BIOS.
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How to connect an SSD to a PC
If you yourself have installed a hard drive on a desktop computer, then the complexities of how to connect the SSD to the PC you will not have. Except that SSDs for your computer are usually purchased in size 2.5inch wide, while HDDs come in at 3.5 inches.
The standard method of replacement also begins with downloading all the necessary information on the external drive. After that, it is necessary to unplug the computer from the network, as well as turn off the power supply through the toggle switch, which is located next to it. In order to remove any residual static, for 5 seconds, press the power button on the computer, so you make the process of installing the SSD on a PC safer. Now let’s look at the step-by-step instructions, installing the SSD on the computer:
- Removed the left sidebar PC to access the port and the location of the hard drive. In “advanced” computers, it may be the right panel because of the peculiarities of the connection cable.
- Dismantle the HDD by disconnecting from the motherboard SATA interface and install the SSD in cells of appropriate width or using the adaptive metal mounts (usually included with the SSD).
- Connect the SSD to your motherboard with the L cable. Here is the crucial moment of choosing the port to connect to, they are usually all suitable, but for the SSD it is better to choose the one that offers the highest bandwidth (6 Gb/sec.). The inscriptions on them will help you make the right choice.
- Close the computer case and plug it in.
In the last step, also call the BIOS system to make sure that the new connected device is working successfully and in the correct mode. To do this, go to the tab Advanced, then pay attention to the line SATA Operation, if the parameters indicated mode ACHI, then the SSD is working correctly.
So, this article showed step by step how to install the SSD drive on your computer. It may be a disk installation as in the system unit, and in a laptop.
Of course, this manual is only a general guide to installing an SSD. After all, in each case there may be different nuances and it is impossible to discuss all items at once.
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Installing the SSD
Unplugging the power from the system unit.
Before you do anything to the system unit must be sure to de-energize it. Especially if you don’t have much experience with computer maintenance.
Open the side cover of the system unit.
Once the power is disconnected, you can proceed to work with the system unit. In order to work comfortably put the system unit “on its side”. You may then remove the side cover. In some cases, to install the SSD drive you may need to open both side covers of the system unit.
SSD drive has almost no heat, no moving parts and does not create vibration, so you can install it in any convenient place inside the system unit. Nevertheless, it must be securely fastened so that it doesn’t dangle around inside. Otherwise, the next time you service the system unit, it may hit the graphics card or motherboard and cause damage.
Installing an SSD in a 3.5″ hard drive bay (standard hard drive bay). But since SSD drives are available in a 2.5″, you’ll need a special skid to install the 2.5 inch drive in a 3.5″ compartment (see “5”). picture above).
To avoid unnecessary movements, first install the SSD drive in the sled, and then install the sled with the SSD drive in a 3.5″ bay. In the picture above you can see how the SSD drive looks like in the sled. When installing the SSD drive, it is important not to mix up the side, because the sled is not symmetrical.
The SSD drive, like any modern hard drive, connects using a SATA cable. It is very easy to connect the drive with the SATA. Just connect the SATA port on the motherboard and the SATA port on the drive with the cable.
In addition you need to connect the cable from the power supply. If your power supply does not have a modern connector for connecting to SATA drives, then you will need an adapter.
How to connect and install an SSD drive in 3.You can see the 5″ bay in the picture below.
Close the lid and turn on your computer.
Once the installation of the SSD drive is complete, you can close the lid of the system unit and turn on your computer.
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You might have mentioned plugging the SSD into the PCEex connector, which will speed up the drive considerably
Connecting the SSD to a desktop computer
Let me start by saying that if you have already disconnected and connected a regular hard drive to your computer, the procedure for an SSD looks almost exactly the same, except for the fact that the width of the device is not 3.5″ and 2.5.
Now, from the beginning. To install the SSD to your computer, unplug it (from the socket) and turn off the power supply (the button on the back of the system unit). After that, press and hold the on/off button on the system unit for about 5 seconds (this will finally de-energize all circuits). In the tutorial below I will assume that you are not going to unplug the old hard drives (and if you are, just unplug them in step 2).
- Open your computer case: usually it is enough to remove the left panel to get the necessary access to all ports and install the SSD (but there are some exceptions, for example, on “advanced” cases, cable routing can be carried out behind the right wall).
- Install the SSD into the 3.5″ and secure it with the bolts provided for this purpose (most SSDs come with such an adapter). You may also have a whole set of shelves in your system unit that will fit both 3.5 as well as 2.5 devices, in this case you can use them).
- Install the SSD in the adapter in the free space for 3.5 inch hard drives. If necessary, secure it with screws (sometimes there are snap fasteners in your system unit to secure it).
- Connect your SSD to your motherboard using an L-shaped SATA cable. Below I will describe in more detail which SATA port the disk should be connected to.
- Connect the power cable to the SSD.
- Assemble your computer, turn on the power, and go into BIOS immediately after turning it on.
After entering the BIOS, first of all, set the AHCI mode to run the SSD. The next steps will depend on what you plan to do:
- If you want to install Windows (or other OS) on SSD, and you have other hard drives attached to it, set the SSD first in the disk list, and set the disk or flash drive to boot from which the installation will be performed.
- If you plan to run the OS which was already installed on the HDD without transferring it to the SSD, make sure that the HDD is first in the boot queue.
- If you are planning to move your operating system to an SSD, read more about that in the How to Move Windows to SSD article.
- You may also like this article: How to optimize your SSD in Windows (which will improve performance and extend the life of your SSD).
As for the question of which SATA port to connect the SSD: most motherboards can connect to any port, but some have different SATA ports. for example Intel 6 Gb/s and 3rd party 3 Gb/s, the same is on AMD chipsets. In this case, look at the signatures on the ports, the documentation of the motherboard and use the fastest for the SSD (the slowest can be used, for example, for DVD-ROM).
Once the hard drive is back in place and the SSD is installed, the system should automatically detect the type of new device and install all the necessary software for it.
Another utility like Migrate OS to SSD may be needed if it is necessary to move the operating system from the old disk to the new one.
Now we can move on to the main actions to optimize the system. These include:
The TRIM feature, needed to locate the space left after deleting files in time, is a part of Windows from version 7 onwards.
If defragmentation is disabled, disk performance will decrease over time.
To check if the function works, open a command line as an administrator and type fsutil query disabledeletenotify.
If the result is 1, TRIM does not work. You can turn it on by calling the line again and entering fsutil behavior query|set DisableDeleteNotify = 0.
Defragmentation is a completely unnecessary function for SSDs. over in some cases frequent execution of the process may even decrease the resource of the drive.
To avoid this, defragmentation can be disabled through the “Run” menu (WinR) and the command dfrgui. In the window that opens, you can disable the scheduled optimizations.
- Open the My Computer window;
- Right-click the drive name and select Properties;
- Uncheck the box to allow indexing of file contents.
You can enable caching, which allows the disk to process files faster, by entering the devmgmt command in the Run menu.msc.
After that the Device Manager will open, where you can open the properties of the disk and enable caching on the Policy tab.
Installing in a computer system unit
First of all make sure that the case has free SATA connectors and cables. If you have none, you must unplug the device that uses them (it is good, if it is an old HDD). Also some SSD-drives may be tried to connect to older versions of interfaces, for example, IDE. But in this case only a tiny part of the drive’s power will be available, and the drive will not work stably/correctly at all.
Also note that there are newer SSD models which do not support SATA 1 and SATA 2 interfaces anymore and can only work with the latest version. It is generally recommended to connect the SSD to SATA 3 connectors, because then the media performance will be 100% revealed.
In total, the installation work can be divided into three stages:
The disassembly step looks different for each case. Usually you are supposed to remove the side cover, which will be held by screws and / or special latches. Some cases may require the removal of two covers. For more details on disassembly, please refer to the instructions to your system box, which should come with it. As a rule, there are no difficulties in disassembly.
If you have a standard form factor case, it can be put in a horizontal position for easy work with its “insides”.
In the system unit, find the special cells for installing media. They are often located near the front panel. The cells are quite bulky and stand out, so it’s hard not to notice them. However, this creates another problem. if you don’t have the most modern case, it is unlikely that there will be special slots inside it for SSDs, and regular slots are too big.
Especially for such cases, the SSD is sometimes supplied with special fasteners. If they are not present in the kit, you can buy them at any electronics store or try to install the drive in the card-reader compartment. It is not recommended to fix the SSD by improvised means, or even leave it without fixation, as otherwise you can damage the drive or the cable from it can begin to loose while using the computer.
Once the drive is fixed, it is necessary to proceed to the most difficult and responsible stage. connection of all the wires to the other computer elements. Here the main difficulty will be not to accidentally connect the SSD to the wrong SATA socket. The fact that on modern motherboards there may be several versions of SATA at the same time, and if you connect to the wrong SATA, then the speed of the drive will decrease.
To locate the correct interface, notice the following notations. SATA 3 connectors are color-coded or labeled. If you can’t find one, you can always refer to the documentation that came with your motherboard. There should be a detailed description of the location of each connector.
After connecting to the motherboard, you only need to power the SSD drive by connecting it to the power supply. To connect the power, simply connect the appropriate cable (usually red) from the power supply to the SSD drive.
Turn on your computer and check if the new device has been successfully detected by the system.
Plugging in an SSD
SSDs, like hard drives, have two connectors. a power connector and an interface connector for data transfer.
That means we need a SATA cable to connect the SSD to the motherboard. If you don’t have an extra cable, you will need to buy one. It is not expensive.
Next, open the manual from the motherboard and find all the SATA connectors located on it.
Some motherboards may have two SATA connectors, SATA2 and SATA3. In this case, be sure to find out in the manual from the motherboard, which of the connectors SATA3 and connect the SSD to him. Also connectors are often marked on the motherboard itself. they have different colors, such as white and blue, as well as a signature on the board.
Since the SSD will be the system drive, you can connect it to the first SATA connector, and the hard drive, which is already in your computer, to the second.
There is usually a tangle of wires coming from the computer power supply. Here you need to find the wire with the necessary connector.
Sometimes the right connector does not exist, or rather it is already involved in the hard drive, but there are so-called Molex connectors, which were previously used to power hard drives and optical drive drives.In this case it is possible to buy an inexpensive adapter which will allow to use this socket for SSD power.
Do not be afraid to mix up and plug something wrong. The connectors are designed with protection against wrong connections, so it is impossible to make a mistake.
Let me remind you that you should perform all manipulations inside the computer case only when it is completely disconnected from the power supply.