How to Connect the Front Panel of a Computer

Microsoft’s new operating system is good. Compared to previous versions, Windows 10 is faster and more stable. You quickly get used to the good, so users react painfully to new problems with this OS. One of these troubles is the lack of sound in the headphones after installing or updating the operating system. Usually the reason lies in the damage or incompatibility of the drivers, so it’s not worth the sin on the developers of the new OS. Consider how to set up headphones on a Windows 10 computer and return music to the headset speakers.

Checking physical connection settings

Sometimes, special actions are not taken to eliminate the problem. It is worth checking the primary causes of the problem. Perhaps the solution lies on the surface.

  1. Check the headset. It happens that there is no sound due to a broken headphone wire. Connect the audio device to your phone or tablet and check if music is playing. If the headset is working, move on.
  2. Check the connection of the inputs / outputs of the sound card: the contact may have gone away.
  3. Try connecting the audio jack to the front and back of the system unit. If there is no sound at the front, but there is at the back, check the connection type of the audio jack: Windows 10 does not support the AC’97 connection standard. Need to use HD Audio.
    How to Connect the Front Panel of a Computer
  4. Think, did you unpack the drivers for the motherboard? If not, be sure to install.

So, these are the main actions and recommendations for the initial diagnosis. If all else fails, move on to the next step.

Headphone setup methods

There are two methods for setting up the headphones.

Driver update

This is the main way. 90% of all problems with sound reproducibility are associated with a problematic driver package.

  1. Press WinR and enter the devmgmt.Msc command in the appropriate field. Confirm the action with the Enter key.
  2. In the “Task Manager” we find the sound card, click on it with the PCM and click on “Update Driver”.

Realtek Manager Configuration

If driver updates did not help, go to the second method.

  1. Open the “Control Panel” and select “Realtek HD Manager” (maybe Dolby Digital or Sound Booster).
  2. In the window that appears, click “Advanced device settings.”
  3. Select “Split all output jacks as independent input devices.” Confirm with OK.
  4. Disable front panel slot detection.

After performing all of the above recommendations, the sound may not appear for two reasons:

  1. Lack of codecs for playing high quality music files. You can download them here.
  2. Physical damage to the connectors or sound card. In this case, you must contact the service center.

That’s all. Now you know how to set up your headphones in Windows 10 and diagnose the cause of the problem.

Assembling a computer is not only about connecting large components of a system unit, such as a hard drive, video card, processor, or power supply. During assembly, it is necessary to connect the case itself with the “insides” of the computer. Several important elements are displayed on the case. At a minimum, these are the power and reset buttons, as well as the indicator of the hard drive. If we are talking about more advanced cases, then on the front panel some connectors can be output, in particular, USB and headphone or microphone inputs. In this article, we will tell you how to connect the front panel of the computer so that all the elements on it work correctly.

Front panel of the computer: connection principles

In the beginning, it should be noted that several wires should leave the computer case. In common people, they are called “pins” from the English word Pin, which means “Pin” or “Pin”. The wires of the computer case are tiny, and they are connectors into which plugs are inserted, located on the motherboard of the computer.

Before proceeding directly to connecting the front panel of the computer to the motherboard, you need to decide which wire is responsible for the task. To do this, just look at the inscriptions on the connectors. The following symbols can be found on them:

  • Power SW. A wire responsible for the power button with which the computer turns on and off;
  • Reset WS. A wire that moves away from the computer’s reset button;
  • Power Led. And Power Led (can be combined). Wires, the connection of which causes the lamp to turn on / off the computer;
  • HDD Led. A cable responsible for the operation of the indication of the computer hard drive;
  • USB. Cable from the USB connector, may be from the protocol 2.0 or 3.0;
  • HD Audio / Speaker. Headphone and microphone jack.

Standard names are listed above. The USB connector can be signed. USB 2.0 and USB 3.0. If they are both signed as USB, then it is easy to identify the connector from a faster data transfer protocol. It has more inputs.

Front panel of the computer: connecting power and indication buttons

There is nothing complicated in connecting the front buttons and indications to the computer motherboard. To do this, you must:

  1. Take the instructions for the motherboard;
  2. Find in it information about the contact block, which may be called F_Panel or Front Panel. If there is no instruction, just look for the unit on the motherboard;
  3. Further, focusing on the information from the instructions or the accompanying labels printed on the motherboard, connect the cables of the power, reset and indication buttons.

Video: How to Connect the Front Panel of a Computer


Please note that the connectors and plugs are, in most cases, protected from incorrect connection. That is, to connect them to each other incorrectly simply will not work without breaking the contacts.

Front panel of the computer: connecting USB connectors and 3.5 mm

When connecting the connectors in the front panel of the computer, you must be guided by the same rules: finding a place to connect in the instructions and then connecting the plug to the connector. Please note that far from always on the motherboard there may be a place to connect the front USB 3.0 connector. If you have nowhere to turn it on, you will have to leave it unconnected.

It is worth noting that the connectors for connecting audio outputs can enter into a common unit with front display and power buttons, and can be located separately on the motherboard. USB connectors are always located separately, and the place to connect them on the motherboard is signed with the designations F_USB, JUSB or USB 3.0. The first two options are typical for the USB 2.0 connector, which is connected via 10 contacts, while the 3.0 connector requires 20 contacts.

It is quite difficult to make a mistake in the process of connecting buttons, connectors and indications from the front panel. The main thing in carrying out these works is accuracy, since the shketers for the front connectors on the motherboard are very thin, and excessive force can disable them.

If you decide to assemble or disassemble a computer, this article will be very relevant for you. It will discuss how to properly connect the panel of front buttons and USB ports on the system unit to the motherboard. Here, I will consider not only the general view of the ports to which they need to be connected, but also the correct sequence when connecting them.

In fact, there seems to be nothing complicated about this. But in my practice, even specialists who are pretty good at computer hardware sometimes stand in front of the system unit with a bunch of cables and think what needs to be connected and where.

Therefore, I will show in detail what and in which connector you need to connect one or another wire for the correct operation of the connected front panel of the system unit. That in the future, the next time you clean the computer or possibly replace the motherboard, it will not be difficult for you to correctly connect all the elements of the system unit to the motherboard.

It is also very important if your front panel does not work with USB ports and headphone and microphone outputs. Then, be sure to read it to the end in order to find out how to fix this whole thing and restore the working state to our front USB ports. Because, the malfunction may lie in the fact that they are simply not physically connected to the motherboard.

Connecting the front panel, button block and indicators

A block of buttons and light bulbs for switching on and rebooting is connected on the motherboard using four connectors that are connected into one solid loop. You can see how they look with me below. They should have approximately the same look with you. The main thing is you are looking for those connectors on which similar phrases are written: Power SW, Power LED, HDD LED. RESTART SW.

Let’s examine each connector individually:

  • POWER SW (PWRBTN). Is responsible for the power button of the computer;
  • H.D.D.LED (HDLED). A hard disk light that constantly blinks while the computer is running;
  • POWER LED. And (PLED). An indicator indicating the status of the computer (on or off);
  • RESTART SW (RESET). Connector responsible for the reset button;
  • SPEAKER. The tweeter speaker is sometimes also present in the cable panel;

Where does all this need to be connected? All connectors will connect to one port, which is located in the lower right corner of the motherboard. Manufacturers usually sign them with signs such as: “F_PANEL » or simply “Panel“. On each motherboard near such a panel there are small signatures where you need to insert. But still, below I will give you some examples of what to attach to.

Also, sometimes an additional small speaker is connected that notifies you with a squeak about turning on the computer, as well as various BIOS errors and computer hardware. Sometimes it connects with all the other connectors, but as a rule, a separate four pion connector is allocated for it.

Everything is done with the button block, now you can go to the front USB and audio outputs.

Connections of the front panel of the system unit

The audio and USB connectors are very similar to the ones we connected for buttons and indicators. But the most important difference between them is that they are immediately connected into one, and you do not need to take it and connect one pin each when connected.

You can also find the place to connect at the bottom of the motherboard with signatures (F_USB1, 2). There can be two or more of them on the motherboard, but it doesn’t matter which one to connect to, they will work the same way. The main thing you need to do is to take the connector with the signature “F_usb»And put in the appropriate connector. You can’t make a mistake, because if you try to insert on the wrong side, you simply won’t succeed and turning it on the other side, I think that everything should fall into place.

Be sure to pay attention if you have on the front panel of the computer USB 3.0 , then you will need to connect it to the appropriate connector. You can find out where it is in the book on the operation of your motherboard. Also, I want to draw attention to the fact that if USB 3.0 is connected to a standard connector it will work, just the transfer speed will be the same as on USB 2.0.

Connecting the sound front panel to the motherboard

With sound, the situation is similar to USB. Here, too, the connectors are connected into one, which will make it easy and error-free to attach it to the motherboard. The connector itself is usually located next to USB ports and is indicated by the following abbreviations; AAFP, AUDIO, A_AUDIO.

Taking the connector with the inscription “HD audio” or “AC 97»Connect to the connector with one of the signatures an example of which I indicated above. If after connecting the headphones and the microphone still does not respond, then in BIOS it is worth checking the settings of the front audio panel. Sometimes it happens that the system uses the “AC97” driver, and the BIOS indicates “HD Audio” which, due to a mismatch, renders our audio outputs inoperative.

Connection of additional fans

I think that information on how and where you can connect additional fans will be useful for you. This refers to those coolers that can be located on the rear wall of the case or stand in its lower part. The procedure is the same as before, we take the connector and connect it to the connector. True, the location of the connectors is different from all the others. In most motherboards, it is located somewhere in the middle and has the following form.

As in all other cases, each connection point has its own signature (SYS_FAN, CHA_FAN). I also want to note that there is a small wall on the connector itself, which serves as a hint for the correct connection. The connector itself should sit down easily, if it is not so for you, most likely you are trying to attach it to the wrong side. I do not recommend pushing it there by force; there is a chance that you will simply break it off.

Well, everything seems to be, additional elements, enclosures that will need to be connected, I remembered. But if you forgot something, you will remind me in the comments and I will add this information to this article to complete the picture.