iPad

How to connect iPad to PC

Synchronization setup

connect, ipad

In order to configure the synchronization of the Apple gadget connected via USB and iTunes, you need to follow a few simple steps:

  • in the menu of the program “File” select “Devices”, and then our iPad;
  • go to the “Information” tab and select all items to be synchronized;
  • go to the “Applications” tab and mark all programs that need to be transferred to the PC (the same can be done for music and video files);
  • accept the changes made using the “Apply” button.

By completing these steps, we can be sure that every time the device is connected via a cable to the PC, the data and media content we have selected will be saved in iTunes, which minimizes the risk of their loss.

Special program for connection

You can’t do without it here. After all, you also need to know how to connect the iPad to the computer so that the latter can see the tablet. Therefore, you need to initially install the iTunes program. It can be downloaded from the official website of the company for free. On it you can read in more detail about all the nuances of installing the program.

How to connect an iPad to a computer so that a laptop or computer sees a full-fledged device, and does not mistake it for a USB flash drive. You will need to install special drivers here. You shouldn’t search and install them by downloading from various sources. The iTunes program has all the necessary drivers, absolutely for all Apple devices. When installing the program, they will also be installed.

Synchronization with a computer

To do this, in the open iTunes program, select the “File” section, and then the “Devices” subsection, where we find the iPad and click on it. To synchronize, open the “Information” parameter and tick all the action items for synchronization. In the “Applications” section, we designate those programs that you decided to transfer from your tablet to your computer, for example, music files or videos, photos. Using the “Apply” option, we confirm the performance of actions between devices.

Once you’ve started the process, iTunes will prompt you to choose one of several sync options. In the first option, all iPad data will be replaced with the data available on the computer. By choosing the second option, you will be able to replace the data on your computer with the data on your tablet device. Well, by choosing the third option, you will allow the data from both devices to merge into a single whole.

In particular, if you are syncing data from a new or flashed tablet for the first time, then choose the first acceptable option, in which all data from the PC will go to the iPad. Well, if in doubt, in choosing an option, then it is better to use the third option, then all data from both devices will be saved.

In the future, the tablet and this computer will be synchronized and connected automatically, since it is important to synchronize correctly for the first time, and then the devices find each other automatically, not only when they are connected via a cable, but also when they are connected via WI-FI.

The main condition for connection is the existence of a connection between the synchronized devices via a USB cable, so never disconnect the cable if the data transfer process is running. Otherwise, a software error may occur that will have to be corrected.

How to connect iPad to computer via USB

  • 1 How to connect iPad to computer
  • 2 Synchronizing with a computer

Every user who bought an Apple iPad for the first time thinks about how to connect it to a computer. It seems to be simple at first glance, but there are a number of moments that will be difficult for you to do, for example, synchronizing the device without deciding. In this article, we will look at how to connect iPad to computer and to iTunes via USB.

As a rule, having bought a new tablet, it becomes necessary to install your favorite games, applications, social networks, photos or pictures on it. To do this, you need to configure both devices so that the data you have selected from one device is transferred to another quickly and conveniently. Likewise, if you bought a computer, then it must be filled with information that you are used to working with, for example, transfer applications and other files.

To connect the iPad and connect to the computer, you need to create a data sync between them. The specially supplied USB cable will help us with this. But the question is not only about how to make the connection, but the question is: how to set up the connection. Having established the necessary data synchronization through the iTunes program, subsequently you can not only download any applications to the iPad using an excellent interface, but also regularly save all data from the iPad to your computer, thus ensuring their safety in case of losing the tablet.

Connect iPad and PC via Wi-Fi

Now let’s see how to sync an iPad with a computer using a Wi-Fi network. This is done quickly and easily. It will take no more than two minutes. Connect iPad to PC. This is required for initial setup. With such a connection, you no longer need to do this.

Go to iTunes. In the side menu on the left, select the name of your device. After selecting the iPad in the menu, click “Browse” and in the “Options” sub-item, check the “Sync this iPad over Wi-Fi” checkbox. Click on the “Apply” button.

With these steps, you have completed the settings for future work in iTunes. Now you need to prepare the i-gadget for synchronization via Wi-Fi:

  • On the iPad, go to the Settings menu;
  • Choose “Basic”;
  • Next, “Synchronization with iTunes via Wi-Fi”;

In this menu, select the computer with which the synchronization will take place, and click the “Synchronize” button. Now, all the information that you have determined to sync from your PC will be transferred to the iPad. The fact that for successful manipulations on the computer there must be a Wi-Fi router, we omit by default.

How to connect iPad to computer

You will need a USB cable, a computer, and a tablet device. Check if iTunes is installed on your computer, and if not, download its latest version from the official website. If such a program is already on the PC, then update it to the latest version. As for the type of Windows program, in this case its version does not matter.

Turn on your computer and by pressing the activation button, launch iTunes by clicking on its icon. Insert one end of the cable into the Lightning connector tablet if you have a 4th generation iPad or higher. If you are using an older generation iPad, then the connection will be made through the 30-pin plug connector, and be sure to install it with the marking on the top. In contrast, the Lightning plug is more versatile and can be connected by either side. Plug the other end of the cable into a standard USB port on your computer.

Turn on your iPad by pressing the Power button to light up the screen. Once the two devices are connected, the computer monitor will display the connected tablet in iTunes. You can also make sure that the connected iPad is configured if you go to the “My Computer” section on your computer, where the icon and model of your iPad will be displayed along with other connected devices.

In turn, the display of the iPad will inform you about the connection with the PC, displaying its number. Once the connection is made, then you can start synchronizing data from devices. If your iPad is running iOS 7, you may receive a message prompting you to accept this computer as a secure device. Therefore, press the button to confirm this action.

Launching iTunes

If the connection is made correctly, the “Autostart” window will pop up on the screen, in which you will be offered a choice of several actions. For example, such as: “Import image and video”, “Copy photos to your computer and view them”, “Open device to view files”, “Browse video files” and others.

You can safely click the icon, launching the process you need, or simply close the “Autorun” window. Because after connecting the i-gadget to the PC, in parallel with “Autostart”, iTunes was automatically loaded and opened. And now you can see his menu in front of you. By choosing the iPad icon, you can safely download through synchronization to the tablet: games, music, movies and other useful multimedia jokes!

How to connect iPad to home computer

The ability to connect an iPad to a computer is a rather significant advantage of apple tablets over mobile devices from other manufacturers. And in this case, it is not so much about connecting devices to a computer via USB, because absolutely any device has this opportunity, but about the method of connection, namely data synchronization. It makes it possible not only to install the necessary applications on the iPad through a convenient interface, but also to save important data, which does not lead to their loss in the event of a breakdown or loss of the tablet. How to connect iPad to computer and what is needed for this

How to connect iPad to computer

Especially for those who bought a tablet and do not know how to connect an iPad to a computer, we have made a short introductory excursion designed for novice users. Therefore, if you have just bought an Apple iPad tablet or, perhaps, it was presented to you for the new year or some other holiday, then the introductory instructions will help you start using this device.

ITunes is required to connect iPad to PC

iTunes is a special program from Apple that allows you to work with an iPad connected to your computer. It is put into a computer, you can find out more about iTunes in the materials:

In order for the computer to see your iPad, it is unnecessary to search and download special drivers. The iTunes software kit contains all the necessary drivers not only for the iPad, but also for all models of iPhone phones and iPods. Drivers will be installed along with iTunes.

Cable for connecting iPad to computer

In order to connect a computer and any iPad tablet (no matter large or small), you need a USB cable, such a cable is always included in the standard kit of the tablet, if the cable breaks, then check with the MFi base when buying.

One side of the cable plugs into a computer or laptop, the USB standard is still used in all cables for iPad. But the other side of the cable can be of two standards, depending on the tablet model:

  • Lightning (all iPad mini and iPad’s from 4th generation models)
  • 30-pin (first three models only: iPad, iPad 2, The new iPad)

Connect the 30-pin plug to the iPad with the label facing up. Newer Lightning plugs are a little more convenient in this regard, they can be connected either side.

Connecting iPad to computer for the first time

We hope that you have already installed iTunes and activated the iPad, if you have not yet activated it, take a look. the instructions for activating the iPod for the first time, the steps are about the same.

So, if you do everything right, you can connect your iPad to your computer, launch the “My Computer” icon and see that the iPad has appeared among the local drives. If you have iOS 7, sometimes on the tablet screen you need to confirm the trust to use the iPad by this computer.

Why does any user connect an iPad to a computer?. To upload toys or movies with music to it. As an example, let’s analyze the installation of applications, for this we need:

If you can cope with installing games and programs on your iPad, then the rest of the instructions can be easily dealt with:

We hope that our instructions will help you not only connect your iPad to your computer, but also fully use your tablet. download useful applications, play games, surf the Internet, sometimes use the camera, listen to music and watch videos. The main thing is not to disconnect the iPad cable from the computer while downloading information from the PC to it.

Cable connection

Insert the cable into the corresponding port on the iPad, and then connect the other end of the cable to the USB interface of your computer or laptop. Wait until the iTunes window appears and the device is detected. To manage music recordings, video files and programs on the device, left-click in the upper right part of the iTunes window. Stored files can be managed by navigating through the sections of the upper panel of the application window.

Wi-Fi connection

To sync via Wi-Fi, you must also connect your iPad to your computer using the cable that came with the purchase of the device. Left-click on the tablet name. Go to the “Overview” section and check the box next to “Sync this iPad over Wi-Fi”. Click “Apply” at the bottom of the program window. After that, you can disconnect the cable from the computer. If the setup was successful, your iPad will show up in the Devices section.

Wi-Fi syncing requires your tablet to use the same hotspot as your computer. To copy files in the device menu, use the “Synchronize” or “Apply” buttons. After the initial setup of Wi-Fi sync, reconnecting the iPad to the computer using a cable is not required. iTunes will automatically detect the tablet connected to the hotspot. If you cannot make a wireless connection, try restarting the program, device and Wi-Fi router, and then repeat the sync setting.

Using a wired or wireless connection, iTunes can sync apps, audio files, books, contacts, calendar notes, movies, photos, and various documents. To start copying, move the files you need to the program window, then go to the device content management section, tick the copied documents and click the “Synchronize” button. After copying is complete, you can disconnect iPad from your computer and start viewing or listening to available files.

How to connect iPad to computer yourself

You bought a new gadget, perhaps it turned out that you are a completely new user of this device. While using it, you found that you don’t know how to connect iPad to your computer, and you don’t know what to do. In this article, we will go over each step.

Special program for connection

You can’t do without it here. After all, you also need to know how to connect the iPad to the computer so that the latter can see the tablet. Therefore, you need to initially install the iTunes program. It can be downloaded from the official website of the company for free. On it you can read in more detail about all the nuances of installing the program.

How to connect an iPad to a computer so that a laptop or computer sees a full-fledged device, and does not mistake it for a USB flash drive. You will need to install special drivers here. You shouldn’t search and install them by downloading from various sources. The iTunes program has all the necessary drivers, absolutely for all Apple devices. When installing the program, they will also be installed.

Connection cable

To connect your tablet to your computer, you can’t do without a special USB cable. It is not worth talking about how to connect an iPad mini, since the process is similar to connecting a regular iPad. Connection cables are usually included with the tablet.

Connect one end of the cable to your computer or laptop (the USB standard is used today for all iPad cables). The other end of the cable should be connected to the tablet. By the way, it can be of different standards: 30-pin, used to connect models of the first three versions to a PC (iPad, iPad2, The new iPad); and Lightning (all subsequent models from the fourth generation).

First connection

So, in order for you to clearly know how to connect an iPad to a computer, let’s move on to the next step. To do this, you must have iTunes installed and the tablet itself is turned on.

If everything is done correctly, after connecting to a computer, it will be enough to click on the “My Computer” icon, and a new iPad line should appear in the list of local drives. If the operating system iOS version 7 is installed on the device, then often a window appears on the screen of the gadget that requires confirmation of trust in order to use the iPad with this computer.

Surely, you are concerned with the question of how to connect the iPad to the computer, for a reason. Basically, users need this function in order to upload new games, videos or music. For such actions, it would be nice to install certain applications. And most importantly, remember that before you start installing or syncing iPad with other devices, be sure to register your new gadget. Otherwise, almost all functions will be unavailable to you. Now you know how to connect an iPad to a computer, and you can even consult your friends in this matter.

By carefully following all instructions, you can get the most out of your tablet in order to play the latest generation games, surf the web, watch movies and much more.

And one more important point: while downloading applications, music or video files, and indeed any information, do not disconnect the cable, as you can lose information and damage files.

Via USB

Using an original cable from an iPad or iPhone, you can connect to a PC / laptop via the USB connector, after which the device will automatically start charging. You can view and edit files both using the standard iTunes program and through Windows Explorer.

There are currently 2 types of USB cable for Apple tablets:

  • With 30-pin connector. Fits iPad, iPad 2 and The new iPad, the oldest models;
  • Lightning. Latest cable included with iPad 4th generation and above and all iPad mini.

Therefore, before connecting your iPad to your computer, check which model you have and which cable is suitable for it.

Before connecting your iPad to your PC for the first time, you need to download iTunes from the official Apple website. Together with it, the necessary drivers will be installed for the successful synchronization of the device with the computer. The user just needs to connect the tablet via USB, open iTunes, enter the login and password from the Apple ID account and confirm trust in this PC by clicking the corresponding button in the pop-up window.

You can view files, namely photos and videos, on iPad without using iTunes. To do this, we only need a connected device and knowledge of the folder to which we need to go. However, in this case, the user will not be able to edit and delete files.

  • Connect iPad to computer and open “My Computer”.
  • Find the connected device in the list and click on it.

Go to the “Internal Storage” folder and then to “DCIM”. If it doesn’t show up, unlock your iPad.

In the window that opens, the folders with the end of Apple contain all the photos and videos of the tablet.

These are kind of analogs of iTunes, with which you can view basic information about the device and manage all files. The most popular ones are iTools and iFunBox. You can read more about them in the article on our website.

Features of connecting a USB cable

The process begins with the fact that one side of the cable is inserted into your computer and the other into the device. If you need to purchase a cable, then you should be aware that different generations have different cable standards. For example, iPad 4 is synchronized and connected to a computer using a Lightning cable. and the first three iPad models are produced according to the 30-pin standard. The difference between these plugs is that the first type can be connected by either side, and the older one, only with the marking up.

Next, a special iTunes program is launched manually or automatically, which allows you to synchronize your computer with your tablet. In order for the program to see the device, you do not need to take any action, you just need to select it in a special drop-down menu at startup, because iTunes independently launches all the necessary drivers, which is why it is easy to sync the iPad.

Wi-Fi

In fact, this method helps once to configure certain settings in iTunes and on the device, and then always have the sync on between the computer and iPad via Wi-Fi.

Please note that for this method, a Wi-Fi adapter must be installed on the PC.

Step 1: Setting up in iTunes

    Connect your tablet to your computer via USB. This needs to be done once, later this will not be necessary. Open iTunes and click on the icon of the connected device.

Go to the “Overview” section, find “Options” and check the box next to “Sync this iPad over Wi-Fi.” Click “Apply”.

Then confirm the settings by clicking “Synchronize”.

Step 2: Setting up on a tablet

Go to “General”. “Sync with iTunes over Wi-Fi”. “Sync”.

Bluetooth

The least popular way to connect a tablet to a computer, which also requires a special adapter that accepts a Bluetooth signal from iPad and other devices.

Connect iPad or iPhone to Windows Computer/Laptop (wireless) Free and Easy !!!

    Pre-enable Bluetooth on the PC, and then go to the iPad settings.

Go to the Bluetooth section and slide the switch to the right to activate. In the list of devices, select the desired computer and click on it. In the next window, enter the numbers that appeared on the PC. This is necessary for successful synchronization with an unfamiliar device.

Modem mode

IPad models with the ability to use a SIM card (in the name of the device they usually write Wi-Fi Cellular) allow you to distribute the Internet to your computer. To do this, you can connect it via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and USB cable and enable a special function in the settings. You can find out how to do this in our article.

If iPad won’t connect

It often happens that iTunes or PC does not see the connected device. Consider the main causes and solutions to emerging problems.

  • Defective USB port on the computer. Simply plugging your tablet into a different slot will help here. If everything is in order with it, disconnect all USB devices from the PC except the tablet;
  • Defective USB cable. Try using a different cable for the connection;
  • ITunes problem. Reinstall the program by downloading it from the official Apple website;
  • There is a problem with your computer or Wi-Fi adapter. Use another PC, laptop to connect, or check the adapter’s performance with other devices;
  • Defective USB port on the device. Examine it carefully. If you find damage, it is worth contacting the service center.

We reviewed the main ways to connect iPad to a computer: via USB cable and Wi-Fi. At the same time, many factors can influence successful synchronization.

Thank the author, share the article on social networks.

A person who has purchased Apple products, and in particular a tablet, may not know how to connect an iPad to a computer. You can only sync your iPad using a special program called iTunes. Despite the fact that its interface is clear and simple, the connection can cause some difficulties. And in the early stages, synchronization seems to be a very difficult process.

The first items on the list of things to do in order for the synchronization to be successful are no different from a standard smartphone or tablet. The iPad can be connected via a special USB cable that comes with any phone and other products. The second method, which you almost never use, is to sync your device over Wi-Fi.

If iPad won’t connect

It often happens that iTunes or PC does not see the connected device. Consider the main causes and solutions to emerging problems.

  • Defective USB port on the computer. Simply plugging your tablet into a different slot will help here. If everything is in order with it, disconnect all USB devices from the PC except the tablet;
  • Defective USB cable. Try using a different cable for the connection;
  • ITunes problem. Reinstall the program by downloading it from the official Apple website;
  • There is a problem with your computer or Wi-Fi adapter. Use another PC, laptop to connect, or check the adapter’s performance with other devices;
  • Defective USB port on the device. Examine it carefully. If you find damage, it is worth contacting the service center.

We reviewed the main ways to connect iPad to a computer: via USB cable and Wi-Fi. At the same time, many factors can influence successful synchronization.

Thank the author, share the article on social networks.

It is more convenient to work with settings, documents, photos, videos and other files on a large computer screen than on an iPad. In this article, we will analyze what connection methods exist, and the solution to possible problems associated with this process.

Transfer files between iPad and Mac

You can connect via USB, or if you have Wi-Fi sync set up, you can use a Wi-Fi connection.

From the Finder sidebar on Mac, select your iPad.

Note. To use the Finder to transfer files, macOS Catalina is required. If you have an earlier version of macOS installed on your computer, use iTunes to transfer files.

At the top of the Finder window, click Files, then do one of the following.

Transfer from Mac to iPad. Drag one file or several selected files from the Finder window to the application name in the list.

Transfer from iPad to Mac. Click the disclosure triangle next to an app name to view related files on iPad. Then drag the file to the Finder window.

To delete a file from iPad, select it in the list under the application name, press Command-Delete, then click Delete.

How to connect iPad to PC on Windows

iPad is one of the most popular electronic devices. You can use your iPad to connect to the Internet, read books, listen to music, play games, check email, and more. It’s easy to connect your iPad to your Windows computer, allowing you to sync content from your iTunes library to your iPad.

You can use iCloud Drive to keep your files synced and available across all your devices, including your Windows PC. You can also transfer files between iPad and other devices using AirDrop or by sending an email attachment.

An alternative way to transfer files for applications that support file export is to connect your iPad to a Mac (USB and OS X 10.9 or later) or a Windows PC (USB and Windows 7 or later).

Transfer files between iPad and Windows PC

You can connect via USB, or if you have Wi-Fi sync set up, you can use a Wi-Fi connection.

In the iTunes app on Windows PC, click the iPad button in the upper left corner of the iTunes window.

Click Shared Files, select an application from the list, then do one of the following.

Transfer file from iPad to computer. In the list on the right, select the file you want to transfer, click “Save”, select the location of the file and click “Save”.

Transfer file from computer to iPad. Click “Add”, select the file you want to transfer, then click “Add”.

To delete a file from iPad, select the file, press the Delete key, then click Delete.

The file transfer starts without any delay. To view your transferred files to iPad, go to the On iPad section of the Files app on your iPad. See View files and folders on iPad.

Important! Synchronization does not affect file transfers in any way. When you sync, files transferred to iPad are not synced with files on your computer.

See Transfer Files from Mac to iPhone or iPad in the macOS User Guide or Transfer Files between PCs and Devices with iTunes in the iTunes User Guide for Windows.

Mac computer with a USB port and OS X 10.9 or later.

Windows PC with USB port and Windows 7 or later.

Connect iPad to a USB port on your computer using a suitable cable.

Depending on the type of USB connector on your computer, the cable that came with the iPad may work.

11-inch iPad Pro and 12.9-inch iPad Pro (3rd generation and later) include a USB-C charging cable.

Other models include a Lightning to USB cable.

The following cables may also work (sold separately):

USB-C to USB adapter, USB-C to AV digital multi-port, or USB-C to VGA digital multi-port.

Bluetooth

The least popular way to connect a tablet to a computer, which also requires a special adapter that accepts a Bluetooth signal from iPad and other devices.

    Pre-enable Bluetooth on the PC, and then go to the iPad settings.

Go to the Bluetooth section and slide the switch to the right to activate. In the list of devices, select the desired computer and click on it. In the next window, enter the numbers that appeared on the PC. This is necessary for successful synchronization with an unfamiliar device.

Modem mode

IPad models with the ability to use a SIM card (in the name of the device they usually write Wi-Fi Cellular) allow you to distribute the Internet to your computer. To do this, you can connect it via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and USB cable and enable a special function in the settings. You can find out how to do this in our article.

Wi-Fi

In fact, this method helps once to configure certain settings in iTunes and on the device, and then always have the sync on between the computer and iPad via Wi-Fi.

Please note that for this method, a Wi-Fi adapter must be installed on the PC.

Step 1: Setting up in iTunes

    Connect your tablet to your computer via USB. This needs to be done once, later this will not be necessary. Open iTunes and click on the icon of the connected device.

Go to the “Overview” section, find “Options” and check the box next to “Sync this iPad over Wi-Fi.” Click “Apply”.

Then confirm the settings by clicking “Synchronize”.

Step 2: Setting up on a tablet

Go to “General”. “Sync with iTunes over Wi-Fi”. “Sync”.

Via USB

Using an original cable from an iPad or iPhone, you can connect to a PC / laptop via the USB connector, after which the device will automatically start charging. You can view and edit files both using the standard iTunes program and through Windows Explorer.

There are currently 2 types of USB cable for Apple tablets:

  • With 30-pin connector. Fits iPad, iPad 2 and The new iPad, the oldest models;
  • Lightning. Latest cable included with iPad 4th generation and above and all iPad mini.

Therefore, before connecting your iPad to your computer, check which model you have and which cable is suitable for it.

Before connecting your iPad to your PC for the first time, you need to download iTunes from the official Apple website. Together with it, the necessary drivers will be installed for the successful synchronization of the device with the computer. The user just needs to connect the tablet via USB, open iTunes, enter the login and password from the Apple ID account and confirm trust in this PC by clicking the corresponding button in the pop-up window.

You can view files, namely photos and videos, on iPad without using iTunes. To do this, we only need a connected device and knowledge of the folder to which we need to go. However, in this case, the user will not be able to edit and delete files.

  • Connect iPad to computer and open “My Computer”.
  • Find the connected device in the list and click on it.

How To Mirror iPad Screen to Windows PC/Laptop (No Mac Required) 2020

Go to the “Internal Storage” folder and then to “DCIM”. If it doesn’t show up, unlock your iPad.

In the window that opens, the folders with the end of Apple contain all the photos and videos of the tablet.

These are kind of analogs of iTunes, with which you can view basic information about the device and manage all files. The most popular ones are iTools and iFunBox. You can read more about them in the article on our website.

Connecting iPad to Computer

Connecting the iPad to a PC will be relevant when the user needs to work with files or just charge the tablet via a USB cable. The only difference is whether you need iTunes or another program to synchronize the device and PC.

Connecting iPad to Computer

It is more convenient to work with settings, documents, photos, videos and other files on a large computer screen than on an iPad. In this article, we will analyze what connection methods exist, and the solution to possible problems associated with this process.

If iPad won’t connect

It often happens that iTunes or PC does not see the connected device. Consider the main causes and solutions to emerging problems.

  • Defective USB port on the computer. Simply plugging your tablet into a different slot will help here. If everything is in order with it, disconnect all USB devices from the PC except the tablet;
  • Defective USB cable. Try using a different cable for the connection;
  • ITunes problem. Reinstall the program by downloading it from the official Apple website;
  • There is a problem with your computer or Wi-Fi adapter. Use another PC, laptop to connect, or check the adapter’s performance with other devices;
  • Defective USB port on the device. Examine it carefully. If you find damage, it is worth contacting the service center.

We reviewed the main ways to connect iPad to a computer: via USB cable and Wi-Fi. At the same time, many factors can influence successful synchronization.

TURBION.NET 2021