Water turtles can become wonderful inhabitants of your aquarium and delight the eye with the fish.
Despite the fairly wide distribution, aquatic turtles are among the picky inhabitants of the aquarium. Turtles – wild reptiles that will never feel “at home” in the aquarium, even if properly maintained. Therefore, in order to create the most comfortable conditions for pets, it is necessary to carefully observe all the rules for caring for aquatic turtles.
The most common view of water turtles – red-eared. In home aquariums they also have swamp, turtles, cayman, spotted aquatic, tuberous, European aquatic, black-bellied three-keel, thyroid, box-shaped, soft-bodied turtles.
Each species may have its own nuances of care, let’s talk about the general principles of keeping aquatic turtles in home aquariums.
Water Turtle Content
Aquatic Turtle Aquarium
The size. A large aquarium is needed for aquatic turtles. In general, the tortoise shell should occupy a maximum of 25% of the bottom area of the aquarium. It is better to have an additional tank for feeding turtles so that the aquarium water remains clean.
Water purity. Periodically, completely replace the water in the aquarium. For a turtle with a shell diameter of 10 cm and an aquarium volume of 40 liters, water needs to be replaced 2-3 times a week. With a volume of 200 liters – 1 time per week. If you install a filter, then the water can be changed less frequently. From time to time you need to clean the surface of the inner walls of the aquarium with an abrasive sponge.
Temperature, oxygen saturation. It is not necessary to dechlorinate the water, but always use only settled water for the aquarium. Carefully monitor the temperature of the water in the aquarium. After replacing the water, before releasing the turtle into it, make sure that the water is sufficiently heated. Water should not only be clean and at the right temperature (24-28 ° C), but also saturated with oxygen.
Island. Ideally, the aquarium should contain two islands of land. On one, the temperature should be 28-32 ° C so that the turtle can warm up. Use an infrared lamp or incandescent lamp for this. At the second temperature should be 24-25 ° C. The approach to the island should not be completely made of smooth material (plastic glass), otherwise the turtle will not be able to get out on it.
So that the turtles could not get out of the aquarium, the water level should be 10-18 cm below the edge, depending on the size of the turtle. You can close the aquarium with a net, but not glass.
How to feed a water turtle
Most diseases of aquatic turtles It is associated with malnutrition, so it should be full and balanced. Water turtles – carnivores, but this does not mean that their diet should include only meat. Feeding a turtle depends on the species to which it belongs, individual characteristics must be taken into account: one requires the predominance of vegetables and fruits, the other vegetation, and the third meat. In addition, the diet depends not only on the species, but also on the individual preferences of each particular turtle.
Feeding basis: live fish, earthworms, snails, mollusks, bloodworms, carriage, squid meat, shrimp, raw liver, salad, carrots, clover, vegetables, fruits, duckweed, spirogyra.
Feeding turtles in adulthood is carried out 2-3 times a week. Young turtles need to be fed every day. The problem of water purification is associated with feeding. To prevent the filter from clogging, do not overfill or use too greasy food.