6. Care for turtles
Regular care is the key to your pet’s health. Subject to all the rules, red-eared turtles can live in captivity for up to 30 years.
One of the main principles of care for turtles is to keep them clean.
Turtles get dirty in the soil poured on the bottom of the terrarium or aquarium, food debris often sticks to the skin near the mouth, so animals should be bathed regularly, especially during molting.
The animal should be bathed in warm water with the addition of drinking soda at the rate of 1 teaspoon of soda per 1 liter of water. Water should be poured into a shallow bath so that the turtle’s head remains above the water. The first few minutes, the animal can be nervous and restlessly moving, and then it calms down and freezes for a while. Turtles prefer to defecate in water. You need to bathe a turtle only in a room with a temperature not lower than 23 ° C, otherwise it may catch a cold.
Carefully take the turtle in hand.
The main hygiene procedure for all water turtles, including red-ears, is the removal of algae that has grown on the shell. It is necessary to clean algae very carefully, being careful not to damage the shell. Do not use hard brushes or sharp objects for this.
In winter, the turtle must be periodically irradiated with a quartz lamp. The lamp should be installed at a distance of about 1 m from the animal and irradiated for several minutes, making sure that the rays of the lamp do not fall into the eyes of the turtle.
The duration of exposure should be gradually increased from 30 seconds to 5 minutes. Conduct radiation sessions should be every other day. After a series of sessions, you need to take a break of 10 days, and then continue irradiation. In the summer, sun baths have a positive effect on the health of turtles.
After any contact with turtles, wash your hands thoroughly. In no case should you wash the terrariums, aquariums and food bowls in the kitchen.
Many ignorant lovers believe that for all types of turtles at home they need a period of hibernation. However, this statement does not in any way apply to red-eared turtles. Turtles are cold-blooded animals. They hibernate when the ambient temperature becomes too high or too low to support the vital activity of their body (for red-eared turtles, these figures are respectively 40 and 10 ° C).
Irradiating water turtles with ultraviolet lamps is a must on land. It is best to remove them from the terrarium or aquarium and transplant them into another container for the duration of the irradiation session. You can irradiate them in the terrarium during the replacement of water.
While maintaining a constant temperature in the terrarium during the cool season, red-eared turtles will feel fine even without hibernation.
It is especially necessary to dwell on the mistakes made by inexperienced lovers of red-eared turtles when caring for them, and their consequences. The most common are the following.
1. Terrarium for the red-eared turtle is not spacious enough. As a result, her movements are limited.
2. The land plot is not equipped in the terrarium, and the water level is too high. As a result, the turtle can drown.
Trachemys with pleasure are chosen on land.
3. The constant temperature in the terrarium is not maintained. The tortoise becomes lethargic, and in the winter in the absence of heating it can become sick.
4. The nutrition of the red-eared turtle is not balanced (either only meat or only vegetable feed is given). Because of this, the pet may develop metabolic disorders, the turtle will not develop properly.
5. There are not enough vitamins and minerals in the feed of turtles. As a result, vitamins develop in animals, and reproductive ability decreases.
6. Irregular measures are taken to clean the terrarium (water rarely changes, the remains of feed and excrement are not removed). As a result, a favorable environment is created for the development of pathogenic bacteria; algae appears on the shell of turtles.