Rules for caring for a turtle include not only keeping a terrarium and creating a balanced diet, but also procedures such as bathing or washing turtles. Bathing turtles is recommended at least 1-2 times a week. Land turtles need weekly warm baths in which they enjoy spending time. Tropical species of turtles in the absence of a special bathing in the terrarium need more frequent water procedures.
For swimming land turtles, a special container is used, filled with warm boiled water. Water temperature should not be higher than 30-32 degrees. From time to time, decoctions of herbs, such as chamomile or dandelion, can be added to the water. The water level should not be too high so that the turtle feels comfortable and can breathe even with its head bowed. During bathing, it is necessary to monitor the behavior of the turtle, since at first water procedures can scare the animal. If the animal does not want to be in the water, you can limit yourself to spraying the shell and turtle skin from a regular spray gun several times a week. However, with constant bathing procedures, turtles quickly master and can lie for a long time in the water or walk along the bottom of the tank. In addition, bathing turtles has a positive effect on metabolic processes in the body of the animal and improves the digestive system.
The total duration of the procedure is 20-30 minutes. Tropical turtles spend most of their time in the water, so the terrarium for such turtles should be equipped with a separate bathing tray. The water in the pan must be changed daily, since turtles prefer to defecate in the water. The same rule must be followed when bathing a land tortoise. After washing the shell and legs of the turtle, you can change the water in the tank by planting the turtle in a warm place.
You can use a soft sponge or cloth to wash the turtle.. Usually, when bathing land turtles, clean water is used without the addition of chemicals (gel or soap). The land turtle is a fairly clean animal and does not need to be thoroughly washed. However, if the shell or skin of an animal is heavily soiled, you can gently remove food debris and other impurities with a piece of soft tissue, avoiding water entering your eyes or nose.
After bathing, wet the shell and paws of the turtle with a paper towel and let it dry in a warm place. In special cases, you can use an ultraviolet lamp. It should be remembered that turtles do not tolerate temperature extremes and can catch a cold.
The main mistakes when bathing turtles
In order to properly bathe a turtle, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules to prevent the unpleasant consequences of the procedure during improper handling of the animal. The main mistakes when bathing turtles are:
- High temperature of water.
Bathing water should be slightly warm. Even at room temperature, water can burn the delicate skin of the turtle.
- Leaving a turtle in water unattended.
Sometimes an animal can lower its head to drink water or clean itself. It should be remembered that land species of turtles cannot swim and at high water levels they can drown or drown. It is also necessary to periodically check the temperature of the water, as finding the turtle in water with low temperature can lead to colds.
- Use bristle brushes when washing the turtle.
To avoid injuring the skin of the turtle, use a sponge or brush with soft bristles. It is not recommended to brush the red-eared turtles with a brush, as coarse bristles can damage the top layer of the carapace, which in turn can lead to infection of the turtle. If a brown coating forms on the shell of a water turtle, you can use a special anti-algae product and gently wipe it with the contaminated area.
- The use of chemicals or oily lotions.
When bathing a turtle regular gels or shampoos are not recommended. In special cases, you can use a mild soapy solution and treat it with the most contaminated areas.
Excessive lubrication with oil or greasy lotion closes the pores and prevents the skin and shell from breathing. Often, such procedures lead to the occurrence of infectious diseases in the animal. For a beautiful and healthy looking shell, you must periodically bathe the turtle and walk it in the sun.
5. The use of running water.
Often, for the purification procedures, the turtles head and shell are placed under a stream of water. A sharp difference in temperature, impurities of disinfectants in the water, the wrong position of the turtle can lead to serious consequences, up to getting a burn or damage to the organs of the animal.