At home, contain both water and land turtles. Among the latter, Central Asian and rubella ears are the most popular as pets.
The need to determine the sex of the turtle usually arises when buying an animal. However, it is very difficult to determine the sex of a small turtle: babies of the same species are very similar. As they grow older, that is, after a few years, secondary sexual characteristics appear, comparing which it is possible to determine the sexual identity of this animal with a high degree of probability. Boys and girls have different sizes of the trunk and tail, the shape of the shell, plastron and eyes.
Determination of the sex of the turtle
Turtles are animals with mild sexual characteristics. The males and females of these reptiles look the same. Sexual differences appear when animals reach puberty. Therefore, the sex of these reptiles can be determined only when they grow up.
In the natural environment, the reproductive period in turtles begins in 6. 8 years. When kept in captivity, this happens earlier, at 2.5 years of life.
The main distinguishing features
To determine the sex of an adult, it is enough to analyze several external signs and behavior of the animal.
The most significant external differences that allow you to accurately determine the sex of the turtle are:
- tail length and configuration;
- claw size and shape;
- structural features of the shell and plastron.
Plastron. abdominal flat shield, consisting of a bone base covered with horny plates.
Sex determination is easier to carry out in comparison, among several individuals.
Tail length and shape
This sign of sex determination is the most affordable, simple and fairly reliable.. It is enough to visually compare the tails of several representatives, and it will immediately be clear whether this is a girl or a boy:
- male tail is longer, thicker at the base and tapering towards the end;
- in females the tail is round, much shorter and more even.
When determining the gender of the tail for the fidelity of the conclusions, it is appropriate to pay attention to a few secondary sexual characteristics:
- 1. Location of the anus (cloaca): in females, it is located at the base of the tail, near the carapace and is rounded or star-shaped. The cloaca of males is located in the last third of the tail in a straight line.
- 2. Adult males sometimes defecate when they defecate. Outwardly, it resembles a rose and hides when touched.
Features of claws and limbs
Males are distinguished by large hind limbs, equipped with long and sometimes bent and thickened claws. They are necessary for grooming and keeping females during mating.
The extremities of males of some land species have additional devices in the form of well-defined femoral spurs, which are skin growths.
Carapace and Plastron
A significant sign of determining the sex of the turtle is the shape of the shell and plastron:
- in males the carapace is somewhat narrower and longer, with a pronounced back in the shape of the letter V;
- the shell of the females is distinguished by a large width and roundness of the ends.
The gender of some species can be recognized by the color of the shell. For example, a male painted turtle is bluish.
In order to view the plastron, the animal is turned on its back. In males it is concave, in females. flat.
Trachemys tortoise is a reptile, which can often be found in home aquariums and terrariums. She is beautiful and interesting to watch. There is a lot of information on caring for such a pet. But there is one question that baffles many: “How to determine the sex of the red-eared tortoise?” This information can be interesting both simply out of curiosity and in terms of obtaining offspring.
Fish, lizards, frogs, turtles – this is a rather difficult task. It is necessary not only to be very attentive, but also to know some of their physiological features. We hope that this article will help readers understand this issue.
Ideal age for sex
People buy both young and old turtles. And at any age, there are certain structural features of the body that can be used to judge gender. But the easiest way to do this is for five to seven year olds. This is explained by the fact that red-eared turtles develop for a very long time and become sexually mature at this age. For research, experienced tortoises are advised to stock up with a ruler and a magnifying glass.
There are generalized characteristics for determining sex, universal for all types of turtles. You can judge gender by:
- eye color;
- coloring of the upper jaw;
- nose color;
- the background of the head;
- claw length and thickness;
- along the plastron, that is, the ventral side of the shell;
- in the form of the shell itself;
- along the length and thickness of the tail;
- by location and type of cesspools;
- by severity of femoral spurs;
- the size of the turtle;
- on sexual behavior (flirting, aggression, harassment, etc.).
Determination of the sex of rubella by external signs
Carefully studying the turtle, pay special attention to the main features.
Tail. This is the most common criterion among breeders. If we take two turtles and compare their appendages at the posterior end of the body, then the one with which it is longer, wider at the base and narrower to the tip, is a male. And an individual with a shorter, evenly thick and rounded tail is a female.
Plastron shape. Inside this formation, in the lower part of the abdominal shield, the genitals are located. In females, the back of the carapace has a flat surface. But in males it is modified and slightly concave. Due to this feature, the insemination can be fixed on the female at the time of mating.
Claws. An indicator is their shape and length. If the claws are short and pointed, then you have a female, and if they are long and curved, then a male. However, when determining the gender of the claws, you can be very mistaken, especially with too young or old turtles. In the former, the claws may not yet be fully formed, while in the latter, they can already be worn off the ground.
- Body size. Females are always larger than males, as they have to bear eggs.
- Shell shape. In males it is narrower and longer, while in females it is rounded and short.
- The shape of the rear end of the plastron. In males, it is V-shaped, pointed. In females, on the contrary, it is rounded.
- Anal hole. The female cesspool has the shape of an asterisk and is located at the base of the tail. The anus of the male is more like a longitudinal line and shifted to the end of the tail.
- Face shape. This feature is very controversial and not fully confirmed by zoologists. Nevertheless, it is believed that the muzzle of the muzzle is narrower than that of the female.
Behavioral sex determination
Breeders with experience claim that it is possible to identify girls and boys among rubella based on monitoring their behavior.
Females are distinguished by more calm behavior. Males actively move and taste everything around. They also clearly exhibit sexual behavior, which consists in chasing the female, nibbling her neck, nodding her head.
Of course, such a definition is possible only in the case when there are several turtles and they are heterosexual.
It is no less interesting to observe the behavior of the male during mating games. He meets a female in the water, turns his muzzle towards her and swims backwards, while, as it were, tickling the claws of his forepaws with his chin.
Now you know when and how you can determine the sex of the red-eared turtle, and you can pick up a pair. And this means that your calm and thoughtful reptiles from now on will not only adorn everyday life, but will also be able to bring offspring. If you prefer to keep one animal, rather than a pair, then who better to keep – male or female – is not important for red-eared turtles.
Well, in conclusion, an interesting fact: the temperature of the offspring is directly affected by the temperature established in the dwelling during the incubation period (if it is less than 27 degrees, there will be males, and if more than 30, then females).
The question of how to determine the sex of the red-eared turtle is asked by many breeders of this popular home reptile. It is not so easy to answer it, because to accurately determine the gender of the turtle must reach a certain age and size. The gender of the red-eared turtles is indicated by a number of signs.
The sex of the red-eared turtle can be determined on the basis of a comparative analysis of the totality of external signs. The most accurate conclusions can be made if the turtle has already reached puberty. Reptiles of 6-8 years are considered ready for breeding, the average length of which is 11 cm. However, one and a half or 2-year-old individuals can already try to determine the sex. So, if you want to get offspring from your pets or just wondering what names to give them, it’s time to find out how to determine the gender of.
Claw Length of Red-eared Turtle
Nature endowed males of red-eared turtles with longer claws on their forepaws compared to females. Long and strong claws are necessary for boys turtles for the performance of an enticing mating dance during the mating period and for more firm fixation on the carapace of the female during the process of her fertilization. The claws of the females are shorter and blunt.
Determining the sex of the red-eared tortoise by the claws is quite simple, however, this symptom may become less pronounced when captive reptiles are kept. The fact is that turtles spending most of their time on land simply grind their claws, especially if the structure of the flooring in the terrarium contributes to this.
You can determine the gender of the red-eared turtle by carefully considering the features of its shell. In order to make the mating process easier again, nature awarded males a shell with a concave ventral side. In females, such abdominal concavity is absent.
The shape of the shell can also help determine the sex of the red-eared turtle. in males it is more elongated and elongated. From the side of the tail, the shell of the males is slightly pointed and forms the Latin letter V, in females, the ventral side of the carapace has a rounded shape and forms a larger hole than males (this feature is provided by nature to facilitate the laying of eggs).
Tail and cesspool
Concealed genitals tail of males of a red-eared turtle is wider at the base and has a greater length compared to the tail of the female. In females, the tail is much smaller and thinner.
You can determine the gender of the red-eared turtle by carefully considering the location and shape of the cesspool. In females, cesspool resembles an asterisk in shape and is located at the edge of the shell. In males, the cesspool is located at a certain distance from the edge of the carapace and has the shape of a straight line.
Other external signs of red-eared turtles
Determining the sex of the red-eared turtles of the same age, compare their sizes. Females, which nature plays the role of carrying and laying eggs, are somewhat larger than males.
Experts say that muzzle of a red-eared tortoise male is sharper compared to females.
Spurs on the paws of males are much more pronounced.
In the mating season males of red-eared scoop behave very actively : they make demonstrations in front of the females, waving their clawed front paws, chasing their chosen ones, nodding their heads.
So, now you are armed with the information necessary to determine the sex of the red-eared tortoise. you can start forming turtle pairs and further breeding these cute pets. Good luck!
Turtle – a great option for the first acquaintance of a child with a pet. The turtle needs minimal care, there are no problems with nutrition, vaccinations and maintenance. However, despite the apparent simplicity, turtles have one rather important problem – it is very difficult to determine gender and age. These indicators are important not only for the official provision of the turtle to family members, but also in order to hope for the birth of small turtles, to correctly calculate the period of intensive development and the period of transition to hibernation. How to independently find out the sex and age of the turtle you will learn from our article.
Why is it difficult to know the gender and age of the turtle
Turtle is a species of reptile that can live for more than 120 years. This is a rather long period, since one domestic turtle, with proper care, can calmly survive not only its own owners, but also their children and even grandchildren. The tortoise can be kept in captivity in the simplest conditions, while no problems with its breeding will arise. It is also interesting that until a certain age it is completely impossible to find out the sex and exact age of a pet of this species. Sexual development begins only after reaching 6-8 years, and distinctive signs appear even later than this time period.
According to scientific studies, the turtle tops the list of animals that have not completely changed their appearance during evolution. What they were in the last millennium and even at the beginning of an era, they remained so at present. Under natural conditions, this species of reptile reproduced and lived on the basis of natural impulses – the problem of age and gender only worries the hosts, the indicator itself is not important for turtles themselves.
People involved in breeding domestic turtles are very concerned about getting a pet of the exact gender that is needed. In order to be fully prepared before buying, you need to deal with current issues.
Determine independently the age of the turtle
Circle on the shell. Among the people, the most famous method for determining the age of a turtle is the number of relief circles on the shell. It’s like on a tree cut – the more circles, the greater the age. The only peculiarity is that a turtle can have about 2-3 circles in one calendar year, so you should take this factor into account when calculating the number of years lived. In young people, the special relief of the shell is very clear, in adults, the elderly – it becomes almost flat, smooth. Pay attention to this factor when buying an animal.
If you want to more accurately determine age using this method, count the number of grooves on several scales, determine the arithmetic average and divide by 2.5 (the average is indicative of the appearance of a circle for 1 year). The result will be as close as possible to the real age of your turtle.
The length of the shell. There is another method for determining age – measuring the length of the shell. However, this option may not always present a 100% result. Of course, the tortoise shell grows throughout life, but this process is also influenced by the quality of the feed, the conditions of detention, and other external signs. So, in 1 year the carapace grows up to 6 cm, in 2 – up to 8, in 3 – up to 10 and so on. As a result, it turns out that every year the turtle grows by 2 cm. This fact can be taken into account as an additional one, but its use as the main one is not rational.
Before embarking on a practical experiment to determine the sex of a turtle, it is worth noting one indispensable fact: you can only know which sex your turtle belongs to when it reaches 6-8 years of age, with a shell size of 10-12 cm. This is important! Since at an earlier age you will not see any external features of the physique, and the internal organs are completely inaccessible to the eyes, as they are hidden under the strong cover of the shell.
Here are some methods for determining the sex of a turtle. All of them are based on any one of the signs. However, for the most effective diagnosis of gender, it is worth using not only one method, but using them in combination, together with other available ones. Advice! It will be easier to figure out this parameter if you begin to compare a few features with each other.
- In males, the claws are longer and thicker than in the female (this is due to the fact that, during mating, the turtle boy should cling to the carapace of the girl).
- In males, the plastron (the abdominal part of the shell) is concave, in females – flat – it is necessary to hold on to the shell.
- Eye color in females is brighter than in males – it is necessary to attract a partner.
- Male turtles have a long and narrow shell shape, and females have a short and round shape.
- The type of cesspool – in males resembles a longitudinal line, in females – the image of an asterisk.
- You can also determine the sex of the turtle by behavioral signs – the males are more active, constantly make contact with the females, flirt, bite their neck, and nod their heads.
- The female has a short tail, and its base is thin. In the male, everything is exactly the opposite – a wide base, a thick and long tail.
If you examined your pet in all of the above ways, but did not determine the gender, with an accuracy of 100%, you can always use the help of a professional veterinarian who, thanks to special laboratory tests, will provide the most reliable result.
It is worth emphasizing once again the fact that the independent determination of the sex and age of the turtle is too difficult an exercise that requires special knowledge, the study of anatomy. If you decide to rely solely on your own strength, do not forget to additionally seek the advice of a veterinarian – so you will avoid further trouble with breeding offspring.
Video: determining the sex and age of a land tortoise
Trachemies are amazing and funny creatures that are found today not only in the natural environment, but also in many home aquariums. The popularity of these pets only increases over time. They are cute, impudent, mobile, not averse to scandalous with relatives and build a hilarious mine. Of course, reptiles differ from the more common pets – kitty-dog-parrot, they require special conditions of detention and nutrition. In addition, they cause a lot of questions for new owners, for example, it is not always clear why they behave in one way or another, and even the sex difference of individuals often remains in question. How to determine the sex of red-eared turtles, what should I look for?
Unfortunately, it is not so easy to distinguish between a male of a red-eared cat and a female, and even a specialist will not be able to choose babies of the necessary sex among young animals. More or less obvious signs appear only during puberty of individuals.
Red-eared animals can breed from 6-8 years of age, it is during this period that sexual differences are most noticeable. But indirect signs are also present in 1.5-2 year old turtles, and if you compare them all, you can find out the gender of your pet.
The owner, who is tormented by the question of the sex of the reptile living in his aquarium, should pay attention to a number of physiological features of these reptiles.
In males of this breed, however, as in most representatives of other species of turtles, the forelimbs are equipped with elongated claws. Females also have them, but their length is much more modest, and there are no points at the ends. The male uses them during mating, holding the female, eliminating the possibility of crawling.
There is one caveat – when living in an artificial reservoir, a turtle can grind its claws on an island of land. In this case, it all depends on the material from which this section is made.
Features of Karapaks
When determining the sex of a reptile, one can also take a closer look at the armor in which its body is packed. In order for the fertilization process to proceed most successfully, the surface of the plastron, the abdominal shield, in males has a slight concavity. In females, this sign does not.
There are also differences in the form of a carapace – in males it is more oval, elongated, in the tail region it resembles a pointed tick. In females, part of the carapace of the ponytail is round, here you can see a decent size hole, which is necessary for trouble-free egg laying.
The state of the tail and cesspools
Since the male reproductive organ of turtles is located in the tail, this part in males is wider and longer than in females. The sex of individuals is also signaled by the location and shape of the cloaca. In females, it resembles a star-shaped polygon and is close to the shell. In males, the cesspool is located a little further from the carapace, and its shape is quite ordinary, resembles a straight line.
Other sexual characteristics
If turtles of the same age live in one tank, then it is worth trying to find out the sex of the reptiles, based on their size. Females are larger individuals – nature has taken care so that they can bear offspring and make full masonry.
Experienced breeders or zoologists are able to distinguish male girls by the muzzle – the male is more elongated, and the female is blunt, with smooth, rounded lines. Naturally, we are talking about an indirect sign that an ignorant person is unlikely to be able to notice. On the limbs of males, one can see noticeable spurs on the hips, which indicates their strength and stability, when compared with the paws of females.
In most animals, the character changes during mating, and red-eared turtles are no exception. According to some habits, you can understand what gender this or that individual belongs to. First of all, at this time the males come to life, become more active and mobile. How else? After all, the paramount task is to attract the attention of a female ready for mating. To do this, they make presentations demonstrating their own capabilities and advantages.
If an individual begins to swing front legs with long, large claws in front of another turtle, then there should be no doubt – this is a male. In addition, gentlemen at this time become incredibly intrusive and literally do not give “brides” a pass, while making enticing, playful head movements.
Video how to determine the sex of red-eared turtles
Why know the gender of a reptile
When breeding these domesticated reptiles, knowledge of the sex of individuals is necessary, because if you miss this moment, you may not get stable pairs of eared birds, ready to give offspring. Turtles begin to choose a partner long before they reach puberty. And if you place small heterosexual individuals in the tank, you can subsequently expect the appearance of small turtles.
Another caveat is that red-eared male turtles are quite aggressive towards their brethren and can cause serious injury to opponents. The reasons for this behavior are related to their territoriality, and even outside the mating season they are unfriendly. In addition, any pet must have its own nickname, and rubella too. And what can you call a reptile without a specific gender?
Exoticism never ceases to attract people and makes you make incredible decisions – to get snakes, boas, crocodiles, alligators and other incredible, and sometimes dangerous animals. Among such inhabitants, the red-eared turtle looks more than modest, and it may seem that it is very unpretentious and tenacious. But the rubella are still reptiles with all the ensuing consequences.
The owner must provide the pet with suitable conditions and get acquainted with the pedigree features before purchasing. Otherwise, it will be difficult to understand what is pleasant and what is not to this turtle, and whether it is a boy or a girl.