The main question that arises for the newly-minted owner of a red-eared turtle is: what is so exotic pet to feed? Providing young individuals with food requires a serious approach. From how correctly you will make the diet of your pet, its activity, health and life expectancy directly depend.
How to feed the red-eared turtle?
Let’s look at how to feed a small red-eared turtle at home.
As a rule, young animals are given only animal feed. About 70% of the diet should consist of small low-fat fish and 30% of:
- small snails
- crab meat
- ground beef.
If possible, treat your pet to live guppy aquarium fish. In general, fish is very useful for a growing organism of eared ears.
Which fish is preferable to feed a small red-eared turtle?
As already mentioned, the fish should be lean. It can be pollock, blue whiting, hake, cod, saffron cod, perch and cyprinids. Give the fish finely chopped and together with small bones. For large fish, remove the costal bones. Do raw or boiled fish give reptiles? Here, experts did not come to a consensus. Some believe that the fish should only be raw, while others insist that it is boiled. In our opinion, cooking fish is not necessary. It is enough to pour boiling water over it.
Dry food for small red-eared turtles
What you can not feed the little red-eared turtles
It is not recommended to give large quantities of fish of fatty varieties and fatty meat (lamb, pork). It is strictly forbidden to offer turtles food from a person’s table (boiled and fried food, sausage, bread, etc.). It is forbidden to give reptiles dry food and vitamins for cats, dogs and other mammals.
Small red-eared turtles, however, like adults, can not be fed hot or too cold food. If the turtle’s lunch was kept in the refrigerator, let it stand at room temperature for a while. Do not give food directly from the refrigerator.
If adult turtles are fed 1 time in 2-3 days, then young individuals under the age of two years – 1 time per day. Food is given in the morning or afternoon. The amount of food depends on the activity of the young reptile. The serving size is recommended to be calculated so that the rubella eats food for 15-20 minutes without leaving anything uneaten. An approximate portion is 2-3 pieces (for example, fish) of 1 cm3.
First, let’s get acquainted: this reptile has as many as fifteen subspecies that appear in biology under different names.
Trachemys tortoise – home care
Red-eared tortoise, yellow-bellied tortoise, Cumberland tortoise, Trust tortoise&# 8230; Various subspecies of the animal are of interest only to specialists, but lovers of pets do not care what species this reptile belongs to. For them it is much more important what the red-eared turtles eat, what are the optimal conditions of detention and how much will it cost to acquire and create these conditions. But first things first.
Wild-eared Turtle in the Wild
Its natural habitat is the southeast of the USA, Central America and the southwest of South America. Introduced (artificially populated) in Israel, in some European countries and in South Africa. And in Australia, the bred tortoise is even recognized as a pest, which has significantly suppressed endemic (local) species. It has been known to Europeans since the 16th century, when the Spanish conquistadors waged aggressive wars in South America.
What do red-eared turtles eat? Under natural conditions, their diet is made up of plants and small animals that inhabit the territory of their residence. But they prefer (especially at a young age) still animal food. They lead an aquatic lifestyle, when danger is detected, they are saved in the water. The length of the carapace (dorsal part of the shell) is up to 30 centimeters.
How much should a red-eared turtle eat
Novice animal owners often do not know how much the red-eared turtle should eat when kept in captivity. Although these pets are omnivorous, adults at home prefer mostly plant foods. But when feeding, one should not forget about the animal – it is necessary to maintain normal vitality. Young turtles should be fed low-fat fish, meat, beef liver, and especially they like shrimp. The meat diet should not be particularly plentiful, since an excess of meat from warm-blooded animals can provoke the development of rickets. In this video you can watch the feeding of the red-eared turtle in a separate “dining room” – basin:
- carrots – 70 grams;
- gelatin – 30 grams;
- cabbage – 50 grams;
- calcium glycerophosphate – 10 tablets;
- apples – 50 grams;
- multivitamins (for example, "Tetravit") – 20 drops;
- fish fillet – 145 grams;
- milk – 150 milliliters;
- squid fillet – 100 grams;
- raw egg – 2 pieces;
- water – 150 milliliters.
Gelatin is poured with hot water, and the remaining components (except tablets, eggs, milk and vitamins) are grinded in a meat grinder. Eggs and milk are placed in the resulting mixture, after which it is still thoroughly mixed and hot gelatin is added. When everything has cooled to about 30 degrees, it is the turn of pills and vitamins. This is enough for 10 feedings. Keep the turtle food in the refrigerator, and warm it to room temperature before feeding.
Interestingly, domestic eared turtles do not eat every day. An adult is enough for two or three feedings per week, and only young turtles (up to about two years of age) should eat every day, but no more than once. They always eat in a pond, as their body does not secrete saliva, and water is used to wet food. Eaten crumbs settle to the bottom and, decomposing, greatly contribute to the pollution of the aquarium, as well as animal feces. In this regard, experienced "tortoises" feeding are carried out in specially adapted tanks and containers.
The cost of red-eared turtles is low – from 100 rubles (a very young individual) to about 3000 (an adult large tortoise). But the creation of normal conditions for them will require some costs and space (for the organization of the turtle "dining room"). Of course, you can do without it, but dirty water will greatly reduce the life of the animal. And in favorable domestic conditions, the red-eared turtle is able to live up to 30-40 years.