A house without a pet is almost empty. Many people in childhood and throughout their entire adult lives have a favorite little animal that loves and is always waiting for its owner. Someone prefers a cat, someone a dog, some give birth to fish, parrots, hamsters and guinea pigs. Daredevils raise crocodiles and snakes, poisonous spiders and scorpions. But few people consider the turtle a real pet, considering it lethargic and constantly sleeping. In fact, the turtle is clever, beautiful amphibian, with its own character, habits and addictions.
On Earth, more than 335 species of turtles. All reptiles, from surprisingly small to real giants, from widely known to the rarest, are unique. And almost everyone can be kept at home, it would be a desire and an opportunity.
Types of domestic turtles
Today, breeders prefer several types of turtles. Turtles themselves do not require certain conditions, you do not need to walk with them, even if the owner ran in and forgot to feed – nothing bad will happen. Most "popular" kinds domestic turtles:
- Red-eared turtle;
- land Central Asian;
- star (Indian);
- Chinese trionics;
- swamp (American, European);
- big-headed (silt);
Description of species
Trachea turtle in " teenage" aged bright green. With age, it darkens, areas of skin that are not covered with shell are streaked with green and white lines. The turtle is beautiful, on the back of the head this individual has red spots that are vaguely reminiscent of ears. For this feature, the reptile was nicknamed "rubella". Special conditions content does not require.
The first couple of years, individuals of this breed are growing rapidly, add up to 10 cm in length per year. After 2 years of life, growth slows down, not exceeding 1.5 cm per year. Trachemys live long, starting from 30 years and longer. In special conditions of detention does not need.
Overland Central Asian the reptile is small in size, with a rounded shell of regular shape, olive or dark brown in color. On the shell are dark spots, rectangular in shape. The carapace plays a protective role, from above on the back it is divided into 13 sections, and on the abdomen – into 16 sections. By the dorsal grooves you can determine the age of the individual. In length, the reptile does not exceed 25 cm, from the head to the end of the carapace. Females are larger than males, on the front legs of the turtles of this breed 4 fingers each, and horn growths are observed on the hind legs.
Star Indian the tortoise is small in size. In all her life she grows to 36 cm, females are larger than males by about 1.5 times. The reptile has a beautiful, bright carapace. Black, yellow, beige harmoniously combine in one animal. The carapace is regular in shape, convex, mottled with a star-shaped pattern, for which the breed got its name. This amphibian lives about 80 years, and even more at home, since there is no danger in the form of drought, fires, predators. The conditions of detention are not picky.
Chinese trionics. This species can be called special. The reptile has a soft shell, the color is brown or dark green, the body is white-green. Paws have membranes, claws are sharp. A distinctive feature of this turtle is the trunk, with two nostrils, located in the place where the nose is usually located. The eyes of an individual of this species are small, similar to fish. The character is disgusting, even bites the owner. But over time, he gets used to the same person. Active at night, lives in water, able to live more than 10 years with proper care.
Marsh the turtle, as the name implies, lives in water. This species does not grow more than 20 cm, weight does not exceed 1.5 kg. This animal is mainly black or dark green in color, has a smooth carapace, with small yellow dots. There are membranes, which greatly facilitates its movement in water. The tail serves as a kind of steering wheel, with its help the turtle changes direction in the water. Swamp reptiles live no more than 30 years.
Caspian the amphibian species has small dimensions, grows no more than 35 cm. The shell is not more than 22 cm, the body is dark in color, the head, on the contrary, is yellow in color, or rather, the stripes. Paws have sharp claws, black blotches. Membranes are present, which greatly facilitates the finding of the individual in the water. The eyes of the animal are black, pupils are not expressed. Caspian turtles live for about 25 years.
Hearth or silt turtle, as they say, for an amateur. The animal has a small size, up to 18 cm shell, the color can be pistachio or yellow-brown. They live up to 22-23 years. Absolutely not trained. Instincts are practically undeveloped, he does not recognize the owners. The nickname does not remember either. He likes to bite, and on occasion will bite the owner.
How to choose a turtle?
Before buying a turtle and bringing it into the house, the future owner needs to think it over well. The main thing is to make sure that the animal does not get tired after a certain amount of time. You need to roughly calculate how much money the owner is willing to spend on content his pet, is he willing to look after him. If the decision is balanced and the owner is convinced that it is the turtle that suits him as a pet, you need to start preparing for the purchase.
It is not recommended to buy reptiles from hands or in dubious places. There is no guarantee that the animal is healthy, that the animal being sold exactly matches its name. It often happens that resellers try to sell legally protected individuals to flea markets. People unfamiliar with one or another type of reptile can become a victim of scammers.
It is better to plan a purchase for the warm season. The animal does not catch a cold during transportation, in summer there are fewer reptiles subject to colds.
Some tips, To choose a healthy turtle:
- It is necessary to turn the turtle shell down. a limb hangs on a sick individual:
- It is necessary to bring a finger to the head of the animal – a healthy turtle will draw its head into the shell;
- There should be no discharge from the mouth and nose;
- The oral cavity should be without signs of plaque;
- A sick tortoise breathes through his mouth;
- A completely undamaged carapace indicates the health of the turtle;
- Aquatic turtles must be examined for skin parasites;
- The eyes of aquatic turtles should not be hollow;
How and what to feed the turtle?
Predators certainly need to be fed meat. However, it is also impossible to completely exclude plant foods from the diet. 10% of the diet of predatory reptiles should be plant food.
Herbivore turtles, experts recommend feeding vegetables and other plant products, however, the addition of lean meat components is not excluded.
Omnivore turtles in equal shares eat both meat and vegetable products.
For each individual, you need to make individual ration. You need to contact a specialist, he will help you choose an individual diet.
It should be remembered that there are a number of of products, which is strictly forbidden to give turtles;
- plants containing alkaloids (nightshade and buttercup families);
- lilies, hydrangeas, violets and other plants;
- radish and radish;
- food intended for rodents, cats, dogs;
- porridge, cheese, bread and other human food;
- River fish;
- pork and lamb;