Do I need a TV Box
Digital consoles expand the familiar capabilities of TVs, both the last years of release and 10 years ago. Rest and entertainment are an integral part of the life of every modern person, and today TV is one of the means of family leisure. The range of receivers, they are digital tuners, receivers or consoles, is wide and varied. Such a device is capable of many things: from amplifying broadcast signals of television channels to accessing the Internet.
What is the tuner for?
A digital TV tuner can expand the capabilities of conventional broadcasting. It is a small device that performs several functions:
- Digitization of broadcast television broadcasting;
- Playback of multimedia files from USB-drives;
- Recording TV programs on a flash media in.Ts format;
- Allows you to pause live viewing;
- The TimeShift option allows you to postpone watching a digital TV program.
Smart TV set-top boxes. This is a separate area of tuners, they have wider functionality: watching videos online, visiting Internet pages, wide gaming opportunities. The principle of operation of such devices can be of two types.
- Storage of files and programs on your own hard drive. To use the necessary application, it is pre-installed, after which it starts.
- Storage of all files in the cloud, access to them is possible only if you have an Internet connection.
The key advantage of smart consoles is access to internet resources and displaying information on a large screen. The tuner may have several slots for memory cards, supports many file formats. Games are installed on the disk (or in the cloud), turning a familiar TV into a game console. You can connect a keyboard to it, communicate with friends via Skype or similar programs. Connect a set-top box for digital television via HDMI, VGA or AV connectors.
How to understand broadcast standards
Due to the fact that a digital TV receiver is a novelty for Russian users, sometimes there are various technical issues. So, it is not always clear whether it is possible to connect the receiver to a satellite dish (for example, Tricolor) instead of the usual one in order to improve the quality and use the device’s functionality. The answer is simple: yes, perhaps, but pointless. The receiver will broadcast channels of the broadcasting standard, and satellite dish will only serve as an antenna for receiving a signal.
Broadcasting standards in our country are different:
- DVB (DVB-T, DVB-T2). Broadcasting in digital format, which catches a conventional antenna: indoor or outdoor;
- DVB-C. Cable digital television broadcasting, transmitted via fiber optic wires, as a rule, it is organized by various Internet providers;
- DVB-H. Broadcasting to mobile phones;
- DVB-S. Signals of satellite digital television.
Choosing a digital set-top box
The quality of digital signal reception depends on the equipment. When choosing a TV set-top box, a number of technical parameters and factors affecting the usability of the device should be considered.
Before choosing a device, the buyer needs to determine the necessary standard for broadcasting, which were described above. To watch digital multiplexes (20 free broadcast channels), the set-top box must be equipped with a DVB-T2 tuner. To connect cable or satellite TV, a receiver corresponding to this broadcasting format is required.
The owner of the TV should look at the available communication connectors to find a compatible set-top box and purchase the necessary connecting cable if necessary: (RCA) or HDMI.
Consider the key selection criteria.
- The presence of useful interfaces. This is USB for watching videos, photos and movies from a flash drive. Audio jack for connecting headphones or other external speakers.
- Not all consoles have control buttons duplicating the remote control on the case. It is recommended to pay attention to the device with this set of buttons. If the remote control fails, they can be controlled by the prefix: turn the device on / off, select channels, pause viewing, and rewind.
- The device can operate from an internal or external power supply. The second option is preferable. The device is lighter and smaller in size, less heated.
- It’s good if the prefix of the budget level supports such functions as viewing the electronic program guide (EPG), recording programs on a USB flash drive and viewing control (PVR and TimeShift), equipped with an integrated video player.
- Choosing a more advanced set-top box, you should give preference to a device with a Wi-Fi adapter that is running an operating system. Such a smart set-top box will expand the scope of use of a conventional TV receiver.
- Equipping a set-top box with support for HD definition is relevant if the TV is designed for high resolution settings. The display on the case is an optional but convenient addition.
The price of digital consoles varies in a wide range, from 800 rubles to 16,000 rubles. The most expensive, as a rule, are smart tuners with a large set of functions. If the choice is limited to conventional receivers, then the price determines the number of different connectors and slots, functions, and signal transmission speed.
Which prefix will be better depends on individual needs: budget ones are designed for a limited set of options, but for a garden or a summer house this is a good solution. Expensive and multifunctional are needed when all the features of the device will be used. Choosing the right model, it is worth determining what result the user needs.
The best models of TV set-top boxes
Introducing the popular set-top boxes in different price categories.
Mighty inexpensive device of the Russian brand with support for DVB-T / T2 / C broadcast formats. The specifications of the device include a powerful processor, Wi-Fi adapter, antenna input and output, communication connectors RCA and HDMI. The console is equipped with 2 USB ports, a display, pre-installed applications Lumax, Megogo and YouTube. Provides support for PVR, TimeShift, EPG and FHD resolution. Price from 900 rubles.
World Vision Foros Combo T2 / S2
Combined set-top box that allows you to watch digital broadcasting, cable and satellite TV. The device is equipped with appropriate broadcast formats for antenna jacks and tuners. Stable operation provides a powerful processor. The specifications include a 3G modem and Wi-Fi adapter, HDMI, 3.5, USB port. Announced support for IPTV, pre-installed YouTube and Megogo applications. The cost is from 1260 rubles.
Video: Do I need a TV Box
Digifors Smart 200 Android
This is a smart set-top box with a DVB-T2 tuner and a Wi-Fi modem. It runs on Android 4.4.2, it is endowed with 1 GB of operating memory and 8 GB of internal storage, the performance is provided by a 4-core processor. The list of interfaces includes RCA and HDMI connectors, an antenna input and output, an AV audio jack, 2 USB ports with mouse and keyboard support. The price of the model is from 5 and a half thousand rubles.
We connect several TVs to the console
If there are several TVs in the house, and the user wants to connect them to one digital receiver, then the problem will have to be solved in one of the possible ways.
- Creating an internal home television network when all the TVs duplicate one connected to the tuner. With this connection, all devices will show one channel.
- Buying a receiver for every TV.
- Another solution is possible: to connect only one TV to the digital set-top box, and the rest to the antenna, satellite or cable TV.
Multiplex packages and a bit about antennas
Multiplex. A packet of channels broadcast in digital format at one frequency. Previously, broadcasting was carried out in the DVB-T format, but today many (mostly regional) stations have switched to the DVB-T2 standard.
There are two packages of shared channels: Multiplex 1 and Multiplex 2. They include 20 TV channels and several radio waves. The Multiplex 3 package is at the implementation stage, its coverage is limited to Moscow, as far as government representatives comment on it. In test mode. Over time, it is expected that broadcasting will cover the entire country, as originally planned.
As for the choice of antenna, the requirements for it are minimal. She must take decimeter waves and catch the signal as well as possible. Depending on the location and distance from the signal source, there may be a need for a street antenna, but a small piece of wire may be sufficient.
Connecting and tuning a digital tuner
The digital set-top box is connected to the TV using “tulips” or through Scart and HDMI-connectors, the latter provides higher quality signal transmission. Not always all the necessary cables come with the tuner, their availability must be clarified even upon purchase or purchased separately.
Configuring the receiver is quite simple. The cable from the antenna is connected to the tuner via any output, auto scan mode it will find all the channels on its own, just save the selected settings. The signal level can be adjusted using visual tracks, they are displayed on the screen and clearly show the quality of wave capture.
Television has long and firmly settled in the hearts of people. It compensates for the lack of travel, knowledge, feelings. A couple of decades ago it was considered the norm, if the antenna managed to catch 2-3 channels of good quality. Most often, only one channel showed great, and in order to set up another, I had to climb onto the roof and rotate the television antenna.
Each year, the towers transmitting the television signal, as well as antennas and receivers, were amplified and modified. Craftsmen adapted any materials for receiving a signal. Skeins of wire, beer can designs, even a tractor. Everything became equipment to receive waves.
Fortunately, extreme measures are not needed in 2019. In the Russian Federation, the television digitization program is successfully completing. Now every person who has a TV can afford to watch 20 TV channels in high quality.
- TV and set-top box for digital TV
- Digital TV Antenna
- Active and passive
- Indoor and outdoor
- Antenna Selection for Digital TV
TV and set-top box for digital TV
Before you figure out which antenna you need for digital TV, you need to solve the problem with the TV. Devices that went into production and sale after 2012 typically have a built-in digital receiver. In this case, the connection is not a problem. It is enough to select the necessary item in the settings, which switches the signal reception.
The digital set-top box is equipped with three sockets. Red, white, yellow. The kit includes wires “tulips”. Not all old TVs are also equipped with three outputs. There are models with two sockets or SCART output.
If there are only two sockets in the equipment, you will need to make some efforts in order to choose the combination in which the console will function. Do not be scared if one of the postings remains “out of work”.
Digital TV Antenna
The set-top box itself will not provide a channel display. To watch digital television, you need an antenna that can receive, and if necessary, amplify the signal.
How to select and connect a TV antenna for receiving digital TV is described in great detail in the following video:
What kind of antenna is needed for a digital set-top box to watch free television channels depends on several factors:
- Distance to the television transmitter and its power;
- The area in which the equipment is installed;
- The presence near the house of trees and structures that interfere with the signal;
Thanks to these factors, you can determine which television antenna to install to watch digital TV. If the TV is located at a distance of 15 km from the transmitter, then you can put a simple indoor antenna. In the event that the terrain is mountainous, forested or built up with high-rise buildings, then a device is needed that enhances the reception of the television signal.
Any equipment already available can be configured to receive a digital signal. If previously it was not, then you can choose based on living conditions. You should find out if you need an antenna for a digital set-top box., and how they differ from each other.
Active and passive
A passive antenna is one that receives a signal and transmits it to a television. A simple device, sometimes in the immediate vicinity of the transmitter, an ordinary wire or a nail can act as a passive television antenna.
Active is equipped with an amplifier that not only catches signals, but also amplifies them. Some active antennas are equipped with special filters. This prevents interference from cellular signals. Such filters are also sold separately, and, if necessary, can be installed independently. The active television antenna is powered by electricity and is equipped with a power supply.
Indoor and outdoor
Regardless of whether the antenna is equipped with an amplifier or not, it can be used indoors or mounted externally. Typically, indoor equipment is compact. If desired, it can be rearranged and adjusted in order to catch a high-quality signal.
Street set outside. As a rule, they try to raise it to the roof, and if it is not possible, then put it out the window. Outdoor devices are much larger than home ones. The length of the receiving elements can be up to 4 meters.
When installing, it is worth considering the location of the signal transmitter and directing the antenna at it. You also need to remember that electrical wires can interfere with signal reception, and set the television antenna at some distance. If the roof of the house is made of corrugated board or metal, then the device should not be placed on it in order to avoid interference.
Antenna Selection for Digital TV
Watch an interesting video about testing antennas for digital TV here:
To select a TV antenna for digital TV, you need to find out where the nearest signal transmitter is located. If the distance is not more than 15 km, and there are no high-rise structures on the way, then you can use an outdoor or home passive antenna. A good quality signal will be received without amplifiers.
When the TV is less than 5 km from the transmitter, a small room fixture is enough. However, if the connected TV is located on the ground floor, and the buildings next to it interfere with signal reception, amplification may be required.
If the distance is from 15 to 50 km, then indoor antennas with an amplifier are suitable. As well as passive decimeter antennas installed outside. When the transmitter is located more than 50 km, amplified receivers are needed. It is possible to use an additional tower.
In order to check whether the old antenna is suitable for the TV, you need to look at the markings on the model. Check the compatibility of the models in the receiver’s instructions or in the search bar of any browser. Manually checking for compatibility is dangerous, as this can lead to a short circuit.
For safety and signal quality, check the television cable. If it has been used for more than 5 years, has obvious bends or damage, it must be replaced. It is not recommended to put cable remains in the ring, as well as to connect with electrical tape. This significantly affects image quality.
We hope the article was helpful! If you need help choosing a TV antenna or set-top box for digital TV, as well as setting up channels, write in comments or online chat. Thanks to all!