Trachemies are considered quite unpretentious pets. However, it is very important to take good care of them, otherwise reptiles can get sick and even die due to the fact that their owners cannot make the correct diagnosis in time. How to understand that your pet is unwell? Further in the article, we will consider the most common diseases of eared turtles, symptoms and treatment of your pets at home.
As in humans, pneumonia in turtles occurs after hypothermia. This is a serious illness, and if it is not detected in a timely manner or treated incorrectly, then it can be fatal. Symptoms of pneumonia can be recognized within a day. Due to the disease, red-eared turtles will constantly pull to land or float to the surface of the water, since they still will not be able to dive.
It is possible to treat pneumonia both with a medical method and folk remedies. It is better, of course, to apply these two methods in combination. It is worth noting that during the treatment you can not do without intramuscular injections, but the optimal dose of the necessary medication (this is usually "Baytril", "Amikacin") can only be determined by a veterinarian. An independent calculation of the amount of the drug can not only harm your darling, but even lead to her death.
Folk remedies for pneumonia
Trachemys, a disease and the treatment of which is entirely dependent on the quality of care for it, can recover quite quickly. For this, in addition to injections, it is also necessary to apply alternative methods of healing. The easiest way. make a warm, but by no means hot, solution with chamomile flowers. First you need to hold the turtle over the steam, and then place it in the liquid for about half an hour. During treatment, whatever it is, you need to constantly monitor that the temperature of the water is optimal. With pneumonia, it should be approximately 29-30⁰ C.
Eye diseases of red-eared turtles: symptoms and treatment (photo)
The most common problem that occurs in these reptiles is redness and swelling of the eyes. Usually this disease occurs due to an improperly balanced diet or contact with dirty water. To prevent this, you need to give your pet foods high in carotene. In addition, do not forget about changing water in time.
Eye diseases of red-eared turtles, the symptoms of which, as already mentioned, are swelling and redness, can be successfully treated at home. For a speedy recovery, the pet is isolated and prevented from dropping into the water on its own. For only a few hours, the turtle can be released to swim, but without complete immersion.
It should be noted that complex treatment gives the greatest effect. Therefore, the eyes of the turtle are first treated with a 3% solution of boric acid, and then, as an addition, an ointment with a mandatory antibiotic content is used. When the swelling and redness disappears, you will need to add as many products as possible that contain vitamin A.
Detachment of the stratum corneum: symptoms
In many aquatic reptiles, which include the red-eared turtle, diseases (see photo in this article) can even affect the shell. Usually their horny shields do not fall off, although this happens during the growth period. With age, this process slows down significantly. When again begins the detachment of the plates, then it already depends only on the improper conditions of detention.
The causes of stratification of the horn may be drying out, the presence of a pathogenic fungus, blue-green algae, as well as a lack of vitamins A and B₂. It’s okay if the shield falls off evenly, repeating the shape of the substrate. But things are bad if:
The plate exfoliated, and cavities and small bubbles formed in it. Such effects cause various fungal infections. If on the inner surface of the desquamated shield or on top of a new horn plate there are brownish crusts or gray deposits, then in this case the pathogenic process can be excluded. The fact is that the fungus can live exclusively on dead tissue. The same effect will be from the introduction of blue-green algae.
The plate is hypertrophied (thickened) and begins to exfoliate from the middle somewhere in the deep layers. Most often, this problem can be eliminated by proper feeding and the introduction of appropriate vitamins.
The horn peels off in the same places, forming soft patches in the form of bright spots. Sometimes under the flap you can immediately find the periosteum, on which drops of blood appear after wiping it with a bandage. This is a very serious problem – shell ulcer disease, which in English literature is referred to as USD. It has a bacterial etiology, where Beneckia hitinovora and Citrobacter freundi are quite often present.
Treatment for exfoliation of the stratum corneum
In the first two cases previously described, you can correct the situation by changing the conditions of the pet. In addition, within a month you will have to add methylene blue to the water until a deep blue tint is obtained.
In the latter case, not only blue is used, but also a special ointment “Clotrimazole”. If necessary, you will have to apply a whole course of systemic antifungal drugs. It is worth noting that such diseases of red-eared turtles, the symptoms and treatment of which are described just above, require drier conditions for reptiles, that is, they must remain without water at night.
It can be caused by both reptile growth and a wide variety of diseases. Usually exfoliation is the result of mechanical damage, but sometimes it can be a sign of some kind of skin disease. Ruby-eared turtles are often fed improperly, therefore, in their body there is a violation of the natural balance. A lack of vitamins such as A, B₂, B₆ and B₁₂ is often the cause of peeling of the skin. The same consequences can be as a result of an overdose of vitamin preparations during treatment at home.
It should be noted that in different types of turtles the need for vitamins is not the same. It largely depends on the age of the reptile, the conditions of its maintenance and feeding. That is why it is only a specialist who needs to prescribe the necessary drug, determine the frequency of its administration and dose. In order to determine the true cause of peeling of the skin and prescribe treatment, you must show your turtle to a veterinarian.
There are also cases when the reptile begins to become stained with a light cotton-like coating. Similar diseases of red-eared turtles can occur in other species of reptiles. Most likely, their cause is fungi. In this case, it is necessary to treat all affected areas of the skin with potassium permanganate (1% solution of a 20-minute exposure). Such procedures should be carried out within 3-4 days. Also in the complex, you can use an antifungal ointment, for example, Lamisil. In addition, for disinfection, all items in the aquarium will have to be boiled.
Bone Diseases of Red-eared Turtles: Symptoms and Treatment (photo)
Rickets, detachment of shell parts and its softening are due to the same reasons: poor absorption of calcium and other auxiliary trace elements, as well as a lack of ultraviolet rays.
A symptom of rickets is a violation of the structure and shape of the bones, as a result of which thickenings appear on them. Determining the softness of bones at an early stage is rather difficult, but possible. To do this, you only need to take a closer look at the behavior of your pet. If the red-eared turtle looks sluggish and starts to move a little – these are clear signs of a bone problem. As for the softening of the shell, its symptoms are immediately noticeable. First, its keratinized particles exfoliate, and then it becomes completely soft and even changes its shape.
Before treating bone disease of the Red-eared Turtle (see photo below), it is necessary to consult a veterinarian. He will help with advice and select the necessary complex of vitamins for reptiles, containing calcium and other useful trace elements. This is usually Eleovit, Intravit and Multivit. If necessary, he can also prescribe additional treatment.
With these diseases, it will be useful to introduce small fish with bones into the pet’s diet. In addition, for the prevention and treatment of any bone disease of eared turtles, it is useful to place them under a lamp emitting ultraviolet rays from time to time.
Other health problems
It’s no secret that each of the pets requires increased attention. The red-eared turtle also needs it. Diseases in these reptiles can be very diverse. For example, in these turtles it is quite often possible to notice some mucous discharge arising from their nose and mouth. The reason for this is viral diseases, as well as a lack of vitamin A. At the same time, both the cornea and the epithelium located in the nasal cavity are affected.
The next symptom is swelling in the region of red stripes located on the head, that is, the “ears”. Most likely, it is otitis media. Swelling can be small (only a few millimeters) and large, which are measured in centimeters. Common causes of otitis media are hypothermia, less often – various types of injury.
Sometimes turtles can be observed roll when swimming. There are two versions here: either the reptile ate pebbles, which are full in any terrarium, or it fell ill with pneumonia. In the second case, in addition to the roll, there will also be swelling of the eyelids, as well as discharge from the nose.
Swelling of the extremities most often occurs with gout. This is a serious disease that can not be started in any case, otherwise your pet will die very quickly.
Almost all diseases from which reptiles suffer are accompanied by loss of appetite and lethargy. If your turtle has these two symptoms, then do not wait for others to appear, but rather, contact your veterinarian. It is better to play it safe than to let it go and eventually lose your beloved pet.