Connecting to a Computer Over the Internet

With the popularity of the Internet, new types of connection and ways to connect to the network have appeared, providing different speeds of data exchange and ease of use. In the article you will learn the best way to connect, how to configure, as well as how to connect the Internet to a computer in an apartment and a private house.

Internet Connection Methods

There are three ways to connect to the Internet:

  • Wired. A stationary modem or network cable.
  • Wireless. USB modem; modem built into the phone.
  • Using Wi Fi. A router, a mobile access point via a smartphone, a router with a built-in modem.

The wired method implies a direct connection of the cable to the network port: PC, laptop or netbook. This method is relevant at home, where the need for movement is eliminated or minimized. A cable connection reduces data transfer delays, and also provides high speed downloading and uploading information. Often, the provider does not set limits on traffic. Therefore, this connection is optimal for playing games on the network and downloading a large amount of information.

The wireless method uses a mobile connection provided by a portable device. The method will provide access to the network outside the house, as well as if a wired connection is not available or the provider is not ready to route the cable. Internet speed is often lower, which is facilitated by the high load on cellular communications, which forces the provider to limit bandwidth. A stable signal outside a large settlement is not guaranteed, due to weak or missing coverage. It is also worth noting the limited traffic, for most operators or restrictions on the speed of data exchange.

When using Wi Fi, a wired and wireless connection is available. The router will allow you to distribute the Internet to several devices. And models equipped with a built-in power supply or supporting external connection of the memory will provide access to the network outside the house. This option will combine the advantages of both methods. In this case, you will have to pay for the services of two providers, or be content with limited traffic or low bandwidth.

Connection types, features, advantages and disadvantages

Wired connection

Data is transmitted via ADSL. Telephone line and Ethernet. Network cable.

Technologies ADSL implemented through an analog telephone line and provides for the mandatory use of a modem. A separate channel is allocated on the PBX, so that when using the Internet, the telephone line remains free.

To connect, you must conclude an agreement with the provider, and purchase a modem. The purchased device usually has 3 connectors: power, telephone cable and LAN for PC. If there are more LAN ports, then the modem allows you to connect several PCs to the network. Next, you need to configure and wait for the connection on the provider side.

Important! ADSL is universally superseded by high-speed network access technologies. Often this type of data transmission is used in areas where an Ethernet connection is not available.

  • If there is a telephone line, no additional cable is required.
  • Often a separate power supply line is used.
  • Stable network access.
  • The cable is not exposed to weathering, so it does not need to be replaced regularly.
  • Mandatory use of a modem.
  • The data transfer speed is lower compared to Ethernet.
  • Connection on the provider side often takes 1-2 days.

For use Ethernet, it is required to bring into the housing an appropriate cable from the equipment of the provider, often located on the roof of an apartment building, less often in the basement. Other connection methods are also used: fiber optic or coaxial (television) cable. The most common is the first option, when the cable is dropped from the roof and brought into the window or pulled through the entrance. In private homes, cable is often pulled along the street from the nearest connection point.

When connecting, it is also required to conclude a contract, but you do not need to buy a modem. Next, we come to the house master, stretches the cable, connects and sets up. Access to the network is allowed immediately after setting up or paying for the service.

  • Higher internet bandwidth.
  • Mostly you do not need to buy additional equipment or a modem.
  • Setup and connection are performed by the wizard.
  • Access to the network at the end of setup or payment.
  • A cable wound across the street is subject to weather conditions, therefore it needs to be replaced every 1-1.5 years.
  • The Internet disappears when there is a power outage in the house.
  • With the growth of simultaneously connected subscribers, the speed of the Internet often decreases.

Wireless connection

To use the Internet, you need a USB modem or mobile phone with a built-in modem.

Video: Connecting to a Computer Over the Internet

Option c USB modem, provides for the purchase of a device in the form of a flash drive, with a wired number or an installed SIM card. The latter does not tie you to a specific operator, which allows you to choose the optimal tariff and terms of service. The use of services is prepaid, therefore, it is not necessary to conclude a contract. In this case, for contract subscribers, some operators sometimes offer more favorable conditions for access to the network.

  • Provides access to the network for a PC or laptop.
  • Ability to flash a number or install a SIM card.
  • Easy setup.
  • Mandatory purchase of a modem.
  • Internet is available for only one computer.
  • Speed ​​is affected by proximity to the operator’s tower.
  • Operator modems do not support change of provider.

Using phone with built-in modem, purchase of an additional device is not required, as well as an additional SIM card, the main number is enough. This is the best option for infrequent use of the Internet, or in case of lack of free money to buy a modem.

  • No need to buy a modem or an additional SIM card.
  • Payment of only one subscriber number.
  • Network access for only one PC.
  • With an incoming or outgoing call, the connection may be interrupted.

Using Wi Fi

Data transfer is carried out at the expense of a router or a telephone with an access point. In both cases, a wired or wireless connection is required.

Option c router involves the use of a stationary or portable model. The stationary version is suitable only for home use, due to the need to connect an external power source. Over, in comparison with the portable version, the number of ports, antennas and other features is greater.

Connecting to a Computer Over the Internet

The mobile version is characterized by a built-in power supply, which allows you to temporarily work autonomously. Often, such devices contain only a USB connector, for external connection of the modem, if the latter is not built-in.

The router is installed between the PC and the Internet source. Cable / modem. The equipment allows you to distribute the Internet between several computers, laptops and other devices.

  • The ability to distribute the Internet between multiple devices.
  • Install a firewall.
  • Configure connection rules, etc.
  • The need to purchase additional equipment.
  • A mobile router provides access to the network only via Wi Fi. To connect a PC, a built-in module in the motherboard is required.

Available Android phone, Also suitable for distributing mobile Internet to a laptop or PC in conjunction with a router or built-in Wi-Fi receiver. It is suitable for temporary or permanent use, at home or on the road.

  • No need to buy additional equipment and a separate SIM card.
  • Up to 10 connected devices.
  • You can’t provide an Internet PC without a connection to a router or a Wi-Fi receiver built into the motherboard.

Instructions on how to connect to the Internet

Wired Connection. ADSL / Ethernet

In the “control panel” click “View network status and tasks.”

Set up a new connection if you need to enter a name and password.

In the “change adapter settings” section, call properties on the local connection. Then “Properties” at the window that appears.

In the properties of the TCP / IPv4 protocol, set the preferred way to obtain the IP address and DNS server. With the automatic method, filling is not required. Otherwise, the exact combinations should be prescribed.

Important! When setting up, be sure to check the connection method with the provider who is obliged to provide or place instructions on the site.

Wireless Connection. USB Modem

  1. Purchase a modem or kit in the form of a modem and a card with the optimal tariff plan.
  2. Unpack the packaging and insert the SIM card.
  3. Connect to a laptop or PC.
  4. After the setup wizard appears, install the software.
  5. Click “Connect” on the computer screen.

Important! The connection model is affected by the device model. Often there are no additional actions. Detailed instructions are provided on the provider’s website.

Wireless Connection. Phone Modem

Connect the device to a PC or laptop using a USB cable.

Install the USB. RNDIS (USB Ethernet) configuration on the smartphone.

Go to the point of wireless networks, where to select the item “Modem and mobile access point”.

Activate USB modem with a single touch.

Enable mobile data.

After 1-2 minutes, Internet access is activated. No additional configuration is required on the PC.

Wi-Fi hotspot

Activate mobile data transfer on the smartphone.

Go to “Wireless Networks”, where to select “Modem and Mobile Access Point”.

Enable Mobile Access Point.

In the parameters of the “Mobile access point” specify a password or use the recommended one. Change other settings at your own discretion.

Next, select a wireless connection on the computer, in the lower right corner, enter the password and use.

Important! Be sure to use WPA2 PSK protection. The parameter is active by default.

How to connect the Internet to a PC via Wi Fi

When using a router with a wired connection, just install the cable and use it. With a wireless connection, select an access point and enter a password. Both methods provide for pre-configuration of the Internet by the provider, often for free. If you encounter problems with manual configuration, contact your provider. For more information on Wi Fi, read the separate article below.


For home use and when downloading large amounts of data, a wired connection is recommended. It is rational to use an Ethernet connection as progressive and with greater bandwidth. For lack of choice. ADSL.

A wireless connection is useful outside the home or as a backup way to access the network, in case of a broken or missing wired connection. Also, if the provider is not able to pull the cable. For such purposes, a USB modem and an affordable alternative in the form of a built-in modem in the phone are suitable.

If you need to power more than one device, you can not do without a router or a mobile router. In this case, the Android phone will also help out, where there is a function of distributing the Internet to several devices. It’s worth remembering that the phone’s capabilities are limited in comparison with a full-fledged router.

If you still have questions, then in the block below “User Comments” you can ask the author a question, leave a comment or share your experience. We will try to answer.

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