How to configure 20 free channels on the TV. connecting a digital set-top box
In 2019, all Russian residents are slowly transitioning to a new TV format. digital. The good thing about it is that the picture quality is better than the analog one. 20 federal channels are free to all. You need a TV set with a digital receiver to make digital TV work for you. most newer models have them. If you already have an older model, you need to buy an additional digital TV set-top box. How to hook it up and configure it after purchase?
What is a receiver
Digital TV works in a modern digital format. New technology has improved sound and picture quality. In addition to the 20 basic channels, “digital” catches more than 300 different TV programs and is constantly expanding range.
Most older TVs, including LCD or plasma TVs, are set up to work with an analog DTV (Digital Television) signal. It broadcasts on AM frequencies of FM radio signals. Transmission quality is poor because of the large amount of interference. And the farther the reception point from the radio tower, the worse it is.
In order for the quality of broadcasting with 525 lines, 60 fields, and 30 frames to move to Full HD standards, you must connect the receiver to the TV set.
Features of digital TV broadcasting
Analog television works using the standard DVB-C protocol. Digital broadcasting transmits the signal in three ways:
Equipment for decoding the signal is chosen according to its type. TVs with a built-in T2 receiver do not require auxiliary devices.
How tuners work
Based on the types of digital television signal transmission, there are three types of receivers: cable, terrestrial, satellite.
Regardless of the type, all tuners work on the same principle:
- Digital signal reception and amplification.
- Decode and convert to analog signal through RCA, SCART, HDMI, Tulip.
- Playing multimedia from USB mass storage devices and storages (optional).
- Recording, pause and delayed viewing (optional).
Connect the receiver to the TV set just to “convert” digital into analog signal without loss of sound quality, image.
Which TVs don’t need a set-top box
Modern models of TVs are equipped with built-in or external tuner type T2. For these options, an additional attachment is not required. You can check the availability of such equipment in your TV at the manufacturer’s official website, for example, go to the Samsung website and type the TV model in the appropriate section.
You can carefully study the TV passport. It must specify the complete set and the type of incoming TV signals.
Smart TV, working through an Internet connection, does not require a receiver. Quality of broadcasting in this case depends on the speed of data transmission over the network and the reliability of connections to it.
Immediately after you connect the STB for digital TV, you need to proceed to configure the equipment. The number of channels directly depends on the type of TV: broadcast, cable, satellite. To date, 2 multiplexes are successfully operating. This means that each subscriber will be able to tune about 20 channels, including regional programs.
There are a lot of different providers of digital TV on the territory of Russia. The monthly fee largely depends on which service plan a user chooses.
The process of tuning digital channels on your old TV also changes depending on the type of connection. For example, the Rostelecom company gives its customers a special card, which is then inserted into the module. This device provides the decoding of the encoded signals.
To proceed to channel tuning, take the remote control and press the button to select the signal source, mostly it is labeled as “Input”, “AV / TV”, “Source”. On the screen you will see a list of sources, select the one you need.
To search for digital channels on older TVs, click on the “Autodetect” button. Wait a couple of minutes until the process of searching for available TV channels is completed. Save channels. If necessary, they can be sorted by changing the arrangement of TV channels.
Peculiarities and selection criteria of set-top boxes
Digital TV receiver, suitable for older TVs, is designed as a small box with a dashboard and different connectors for connection. It comes with a remote control. At the same time the set-top box itself performs several functions at once:
- Decoder. performing the function of encoding a digital signal in two formats: mpeg-2 or mpeg-4.
- Control panel, the set-top box allows you to adjust the channels, add and decrease volume, set the sleep timer.
- Customer support. image and sound settings, channels, ordering pay packages and unlocking them.
Choose set-top boxes according to the presence of certain connectors. Tulip and HDMI are considered classic options. In terms of signal transmission power, for example, private antennas often require amplifiers. In the presence of additional options: video recording, delayed start or recording at a certain time, reading information from USB-drives, drives.
How to connect a digital set-top box to an old TV: the basic nuances
Before you connect the TV set-top box to the TV, you must understand the connection scheme, which may vary depending on the TV model and digital broadcasting TV format. If we are talking about a device with a built-in TV tuner, then, accordingly, you can do without the TV set-top box. In this case you can simply connect an antenna which will transmit the signal directly to the TV set. The signal will be decoded there. As a result, the user receives a graphic image of excellent quality.
To connect a digital set-top box to your old TV you need a Smart-Tuner, which gives you access to different TV broadcasting formats, including the possibility to receive IPTV. For this you need a LAN-connector, to which the Ethernet-network cable is connected.
To connect digital TV in an old TV, you need a Smart-Tuner
Broadcasting exclusively over-the-air TV on inexpensive digital TVs is also problematic. If we are talking about a universal set-top box, you can simply use a satellite or cable TV. Then the question of what TV devices can be connected to the tuner is simply irrelevant. This option is suitable for those whose broadcasting is provided via the first multiplex only.
How to connect a digital set-top box to an old TV without “tunpipes
Rarely, but it is possible to encounter the option that the digital set top box does not have the necessary connector, that is, there is no possibility to connect via “tulip” wires, which previously were installed on almost all devices. Now we are talking about “tulips”, which almost all older televisions are equipped with. If you have this problem, then you need to use one of the adapters, based on which output is available.
Useful tip! If the TV does not have a “tulip” input, but there is a VGA, then the connection issue is actually solved, since there are many different adapters for this type of transformation of analog data.
After the advent of broadband television, television transmission was divided into audio and video signal. Previously, to connect the TV to the set-top box, you used an AV connector with an audio-video output. Its peculiarity is that you can transmit the signal from the AV to the antenna input.
Options for connecting a digital set-top box to an old TV
In this case before you connect the tuner to the TV via the antenna input you will need to buy the appropriate cable. Using AV-cable you can connect the digital TV set-top box to an old-style TV, but the picture quality will be at the level of analog, due to the limited pixel resolution of the screen.
Checking the signal quality
To make sure you have done everything correctly and everything works well, you should check the quality of reception. To do this is not difficult. There should be a button with the INFO name on the receiver. By pressing it three times on the screen you will see a window with information about the signal quality, channel number, frequency and encoding. If the two existing indicators are above 60%, then all is well and the signal level is acceptable.
It is possible that your receiver will have a different name for this button. To find out what this button is called in your case, look in the manual and read the purpose of the buttons.
If your TV can receive several multiplexes, don’t forget to check the quality of the signal in each of them. This is due to the fact that each of them is transmitted and received with a different transmitter, so it is very possible that in one multiplex the signal will be good, and in the second. no.
How to connect a Smart set-top box to your TV
In order for the media player to function you need to connect it to the TV, organizing not only the connection between them, but also providing access to the network, using a wired or wireless connection. Despite the large number of models, to understand how to connect the Smart set-top box to the TV is not difficult, even a not too advanced user can cope with it, nothing complicated process is.
Usually the device is connected to the receiver via HDMI, this connector is present in the arsenal of modern models, sometimes the media player is equipped with HDMI-AV converter, in case you want to connect to an older TV. Coaxial cable connected to the HDMI port has a high bandwidth and is able to transmit high quality digital signal, which can not be achieved when the video signal is transmitted through twisted pair. This fact must be taken into account before buying the receiver.
The device is powered by an adaptor plugged into a socket, or it can be powered by the TV set itself when the Smart TV set-top box is connected to it via USB.
The procedure for connecting the Smart TV set-top box to the TV is as follows:
- Disconnect both devices. Don’t just plug and unplug, but take the plugs out of the sockets. If the device is not powered by the mains, but by the TV receiver, disconnect only the TV receiver’s power supply.
- There are not many variants of exactly how to connect the media player to the TV, here it all depends on the intended design. Either take an HDMI cord and plug one end into its corresponding port on the receiver and the other end into the receiver’s port, or connect via USB (port 2.0 or 3.0), using a USB cord. The TV stick is even simpler: just plug it into the TV port like a USB stick.
Briefly about Smart TV
Smart TV, first integrated into TV sets in 2009, continues to gain popularity. What is it that attracts users so much?? The answer is simple. with new opportunities. Owners of smart devices have access to functions such as video playback, running applications, making video calls, playing music from the Internet via a web browser, the ability to play games, connecting to online movie theaters, recording TV programs, social networking, and others.
Such a wide functionality of Smart-TVs has become possible thanks to the introduction of the Internet and digital interactive services. Today Smart TV technology is integrated into a variety of devices, from digital consoles to game consoles. They’re all running on the OS, just like a computer, and can be controlled remotely using a remote control or wireless keyboard and mouse.
The main task of Smart TV is to make the TV a multifunctional device, which will open more opportunities for the user
Smart TV-box: the device and purpose
A great alternative to smart TVs, which are not available to all users due to high cost, are set-top boxes with the same function. Called digital receivers, TV boxes, media players, they are portable mini-computers packaged in a small plastic box and equipped with an OS, a processor, RAM, a microSD slot, a Wi-Fi module, and a set of connectors and USB ports for peripheral devices. Some models of set-top boxes are additionally equipped with external antennas for Internet signal amplification.
Depending on the model, on the side panels of the body of Smart TV-boxes can be located up to 10 or more ports
There are two types of set-top boxes: Box and Flash. The first, that look like routers and modems, has more powerful hardware and is equipped with various ports, from USB to Ethernet. Works great with older models of LED, LCD and analog TV receivers. Both wired and wireless connections are used to access the Web. The second, called “stick”, looks like a standard flash drive. They are equipped with a minimum number of connectors. Connects to your TV via HDMI port and to the Internet via Wi-Fi.
According to the form-factor smart STBs are of two kinds: compact “stick” in the form of a flash drive and larger “boxes”, most often of a square shape
Advantages of Smart Set-Top Boxes over a full-fledged Smart TV
Users often wonder what to choose. a full-fledged Smart TV or a smart set-top box. Each of these devices offers similar capabilities and has certain advantages.
The set-top box gives the user more opportunities than the TV, namely:
- You can download any number of applications from Google Play for work and entertainment instead of being limited to the pre-installed ones;
- Keeps its relevance longer due to the possibility of upgrading with easily installed firmware;
- Controlled both with remote control and with keyboard and mouse plugged into it;
- provides the ability to create multiple desktops on the screen and minimize applications;
- costs several times less than the Smart TV.
The advantages of a TV with Smart function can be summarized mainly in the following factors:
- Control all features, including apps and Internet services, with a single remote control;
- convenient interface with pre-installed programs without the need to install additional software;
- High quality 3D movies.
Check the signal quality
If after connecting the receiver and tuning TV channels interference appeared, you need to check the quality of the signal to establish which of the nodes caused the problem. Press the “Info” button several times, the number of presses depends directly on what kind of receiver you use.
Two scales will appear on the TV screen. these are the main indicators of digital TV signal quality. The normal value is considered to be not less than 70%, otherwise the signal is weak, so you need to change the position of the antenna.
You should change the direction of the antenna, and your assistant at this time will monitor the quality of the transmitted image. Once the interference is gone fix the position of the antenna.
If while checking the signal quality you notice that the signal strength and intensity exceed the mark of 70%, but there are interferences, ripples, then you should reconfigure the receiver. It is possible that the problem is caused by the fact that you have changed some settings of the device. Repeat the receiver settings, and then check the picture quality again.