The procedure for connecting speakers depends on the type of speaker system. For starters, let’s consider what kind of speakers are and then give instructions for connecting them.
There are two main varieties columns:
This is the sound of the most ordinary speakers, which can be connected seamlessly to any computer or laptop. They have 1 port (if with a subwoofer, then 2) and give an average quality sound, although the standard user is unlikely to understand the difference.
Speakers of this type produce stunningly clear sound of the highest quality, but connecting them is much more difficult. over, the built-in sound card will not be enough to reproduce such a sound. The reason is not even a lack of power or performance, but the number of ports (special connectors are required for digital audio).
Connection any type of speaker is accomplished by simply plugging the plugs into the appropriate jacks. Also, if the speakers are of high quality, you must connect the power supply to a wall outlet or surge protector. This is necessary because the power in the computer connectors will not be enough for a serious speaker system to work.
Let’s consider how speakers are connected correctly:
1. Location of devices.
Speakers of analog type 2.0 and 2.1 must be placed correctly: the speakers are best installed on the sides of the monitor, and the subwoofer is optional, but to achieve maximum effect.
Each column has a back labeling: L (left, left) and R (right, right). There are persistent disputes about the location of the subwoofer for a long time, so it should be installed where the sound of low frequencies will be most optimal for the user.
The first step is to turn off the computer. Many users neglect this recommendation, however, this is a safety precaution and it is better to follow it again to avoid electric shock or voltage surges. Since the power constantly “walks” on the motherboard, supplying electricity to different devices, a sharp increase in power will cause a breakdown (especially if the speaker system is digital and demanding on resources).
Then the power unit is connected to a power outlet or surge protector. But here too caution should be exercised: the surge protector is an adapter. It is understood that if plugs are inserted into it from devices that consume a total of more than 220 volts (the maximum value of the outlet), then the entire wiring in the house will be very unsweetened: a fire may occur and the wires will sparkle brightly.
Each of the plugs is painted in a specific color:
- red and white: for the right and left columns, respectively;
- green: for a slot in the computer motherboard;
- blue: for additional devices, most often a subwoofer.
No need to plug the plugs into the pink connector. it is exclusively for the microphone. Otherwise, there will be no problems, since each socket is painted in the corresponding color, and various additional markings are indicated near green (on the system unit). This is either the inscription “AudioIn” (audio input), or a drawn speaker that makes a sound.
You can also learn about connectors and their colors from this.
3. Health Check.
After directly connecting the speakers to the system unit and the network, you can turn on the computer. The system should automatically detect the device and install the necessary drivers (Internet connection required). If this does not happen, then you have to install the software yourself. If the kit contains an installation disk, you should use it.
4. Digital speakers 5.1 and 7.1.
Devices of this type differ in several essential details:
- you must have a discrete sound card, because the built-in will not be able to reveal the potential of the speakers;
- digital speakers have much more cables for which there are no connectors on the motherboard itself;
- if the power supply in the system unit is weak, you have to purchase a new one. otherwise there will not be enough power and an emergency shutdown will occur.
In a discrete sound card there are slightly more color sockets (black and orange), for each plug from the cables of digital speakers. It is enough to connect the plug to the connector according to the color designation, but otherwise the connection procedure will be completely identical.
The most high-quality and expensive models instead of color plugs use one specific:
- S / PDIF.
The presence of only one cable does not mean poor sound quality, but quite the opposite. These connectors are innovative and modern, allowing you to fully reveal the potential of even professional equipment.
This is the end of the connection, however, there is a possibility of various errors that will have to be dealt with.
It happens that the user is overtaken not only by ordinary, but also by very significant problems during the connection:
1. Different connectors.
If the cable plugs from the speakers do not fit into any jack on the computer, then it is acceptable to use adapters. However, you should not use more than one: it will require more power from the computer, and it will simply burn out. Also, the columns themselves may become faulty if the adapter is defective.
2. Noise, interference, distortion.
If you hear abnormal sounds from the speakers during listening, the reasons may be:
- faulty columns (manufacturing defects);
- incorrect connection of the connectors or one of them;
- transferred, damaged, twisted wires;
- the use of low-quality adapters;
- wrong drivers.
3. Lack of sound.
Here it is important to understand the problem in the computer or the columns:
- if a color diode lights up on the speakers after turning on the computer, it means that the power is supplied to them and they are working (to prevent damage, you can send the speakers to a service center for diagnostics or try to turn them on on a third-party computer);
- if the speakers are working properly or no malfunctions are detected, the volume in the settings of the sound devices may be muted, or the volume on the speakers themselves (on the controller) is set to the minimum value;
- damaged and loose connectors due to frequent use can also be a problem.