Often there are situations when the Windows XP operating system at one point stops loading. There can be many reasons for this, but each specific problem requires an individual solution. However, if the user knows why the computer may malfunction, then he can easily solve the problem on his own. All possible causes of failure can be divided into two groups:
- Hardware. something broke in the inside of the computer, and Windows no longer works;
- Software. software errors have occurred in the OS itself that interfere with the proper operation of the system;
It is also worth paying attention to at what stage the OS does not boot, that is, what has time to appear on the screen, and after which particular event you find a failure. In this case, we will consider the situation when Windows XP no longer starts after the screen saver appears.
What can be done
The very first method to resort to is to load the last successful system configuration. After all, the cause of the malfunction can only be that, for example, you installed an incorrect program or driver on the computer, due to which the OS does not load normally. Accordingly, for the normal operation of the system, you need to return it to the moment when these tools were not installed. In the registry there is a special section HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINES \ SYSTEM \ CurrentControlSet, which contains information about the last trouble-free download. It is through this section that Windows will determine the last successful configuration and boot based on it.
Another option is to start Windows XP in safe mode.
With this method, only the minimum necessary set of software tools for Windows is loaded, nothing from the auxiliary programs is loaded.
If you could not boot your system as usual, but in safe mode it booted without problems, this already indicates that you most likely had some software recently installed on your computer, because of which your system could not starts up.
After starting the computer in safe mode, you should restore Windows XP. To do this, run the recovery utility, which is located in the All Programs / Accessories / Utilities / System Restore directory. It takes so-called snapshots of important system files, and saves the received information in the form of recovery points at which the system boots normally (more precisely, it was loaded before the problem occurred). Points can be created manually, they are automatically created periodically (for example, after installing new software). You need to select the desired point, and then start the recovery process. Upon completion, the computer will restart.
If all else fails
If previous attempts were in vain, and your system still does not boot, then the last measure may be to restore the system using the installer. In order to do this, you will need an installation disk with Windows XP. Insert it into the drive, enter the BIOS and boot from it. You can also use a USB drive. If a window appears on the screen asking you to press any key to continue, then do just that. The Windows XP operating system installation window will appear. You will need the first item, selecting which, you will begin installing Windows XP on your computer. First of all, the license agreement will be displayed on the screen, which must be accepted, otherwise it will not work to install the OS.
In the next step, “Search for previous versions of Microsoft Windows.” appears at the bottom of the screen. Thus, the program determines what it needs to do next. install the system on a computer or start the recovery mechanism for an already installed OS. There is one rather important nuance. that the recovery procedure was successful, you will need a drive with the exact instance of Windows that you installed earlier. This is due to the fact that each operating system has its own serial number, which during the installation process is also checked for compliance with a previously installed copy.
Suppose the test completed successfully, and no compatibility issues were found. In this case, a message appears on the screen asking either to restore the existing copy of Windows, or to install a new copy on the hard drive, but do not carry out the recovery procedure. Since we are interested in system recovery, we need to select the first item, and then press R. If suddenly the installation wizard prompts you to only install a new copy of Windows on your computer, don’t agree. you will remove your OS from the computer and you will have to reinstall it.
If you did everything correctly, the program will begin the recovery procedure. From the outside, it will look like installing a new OS on a computer, but in fact it is the restoration of a damaged system. Indeed, the process does not affect computer user accounts, programs installed on the computer, and registry data.
That’s it, now your computer boots in normal mode. It is advisable to make sure that the correct device boot priorities were set in the BIOS (because after recovery through the distribution they have to be changed). The priority should be to start from the hard drive. If everything is correct, then Windows XP starts and works without failures.