When choosing a pet, you need to know how to properly care for it. He certainly needs to prepare suitable housing. In order not to make a mistake with the selection of an aquarium for the red-eared turtle, you should understand what is the natural environment of its habitat. If you create the right conditions, the animal will have good health and will live long.
In order not to make a mistake with the selection of an aquarium for the red-eared turtle, you should understand what is the natural environment of its habitat.
When choosing an aquaterrarium for a red-eared turtle, it is necessary to take into account the size of an adult individual and the characteristics of its body. Reptiles spend a lot of time under water, feeling more secure there. The volume of the tank depends on the size of the turtles:
- individuals 3-10 cm long – up to 50 liters;
- 10-16 cm – up to 80 liters;
- 25 cm – up to 150 liters;
- adults – 120-170 liters.
It is advisable to begin arranging the aquarium for the red-eared turtle from the ground.
Not worth using sand, glass pebbles and pebbles, because the pet can figure it all out. It is better to give preference to larger shells – this will make the pet’s house more beautiful and saturate the liquid with calcium. You can also use a variety of mineral blocks.
In addition to water, reptiles also need land, where it will bask and sunbathe. Such a site should occupy at least a quarter of the total tank area. The attachment of the island to the base of the aquarium should be strong. The water tank should be equipped with a lid that the turtles could not move. At the same time, such a cover should let air through itself so that pets can breathe.
Arrangement of an island
The reptile spends a lot of time on the shore, so you can safely equip several land areas. Each animal should make a separate island. One should be placed in the shade, and the other in a bright place. While on land, the reptile receives an ultraviolet tan. Equipping the islets It is important to heed the following recommendations:
- The shore should rise smoothly from the bottom, steep cliffs are unacceptable. You can leave a ladder or a small gangway, use a large stone or grotto, which has gentle walls.
- The surface of the land should be made rough, it should be made of high quality materials.
- For several turtles, a large area will be needed so that they can simultaneously be on land, being freely placed there.
- If there are a lot of islands, then some of them can be covered with water for several millimeters.
To prevent reptiles from escaping, you need to place land on 30 cm below the edge of the aquarium.
Temperature and lighting
Trachemys feels comfortable in the water, the temperature of which is in the range of 23-28 ° C. On a shaded island it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 23-25 ° C, and on a warm island – 28-32 ° C. Such conditions are ideal for this reptile.
Main heating provides a special lamp, which is fixed over one of the land. When it is not possible to achieve the required temperature with one lamp, you should use additional heating, for example, a heater made in the form of a long glass tube. Such a heater is immersed in water. It is necessary to arrange it so that the pet could not accidentally bite the electrical wire or touch it with its carapace.
The health of a reptile is influenced by many factors, including the state of the water in the tank. To keep the fluid clean, it is best to install external filters. As for the internal equipment, it is preferable not to use it. It quickly loses its effectiveness, clogging up suspensions.
The better the filter functions, the less often you will need to change the water. To maintain ecological balance, you need to change half the volume of fluid every week.
An incandescent lamp should be located above one of the land areas. The light turns on only during the day. Be sure to take into account that red-eared turtles need UV lighting (only UVB and UVA rays). In no case should you use UVC, since such lighting can lead to blindness of reptiles.
Without UV radiation, vitamin D3 is not produced in animals and calcium is not absorbed, which can provoke rickets and even death. The lamp should be turned on 12 hours a day. It is placed on top at a distance of 30 cm from the ground. Once a year, the UV lamp is replaced. This is the kind of aquarium you need for a red-eared turtle. What will be the decor, everyone decides for himself.
When designing an aquarium, you should remember about safety – this is the main principle of the selection of scenery. Do not use in the decor items that your pet might hurt. Sharp corners and edges are not allowed.
When designing an aquarium, you should remember about safety – this is the main principle of the selection of scenery.
Do not use too fine soil, as animals can swallow it. Such soil becomes dirty faster, and its cleaning is not the easiest process. It is preferable to take pebbles with a fraction of 5-6 cm.
For small individuals, you can plant green plants. Adult turtles no longer need soil, and they can eat plants. As for the fish, it is appropriate to run them only to young reptiles.
Plastic plants will help to design an aquarium. They are attached to the ground by means of weights. You can also install artificial silk vines on land. Decorate a pet house will help:
As for the latter, it is not recommended to take too fresh driftwood, as they will release harmful substances. It is advisable to use pieces of wood for a long time lying in a pond.
When planning to equip an aquarium for a red-eared turtle, it is important to know that not every tank is suitable for these purposes. Do not keep reptiles in an aquarium with a volume of less than 50 liters. Such a house is suitable exclusively for temporary residence.
If the animal lives for a long time in such a container, it will increase the risk of developing dystrophy, skin diseases and softening the shell. Plastic islands are also not used. For a red-eared turtle, you need an aquarium, where it is possible to install filtration and ultraviolet, and you can also change the temperature.
To properly equip an aquarium for a turtle, you will need some knowledge. Caring for such a pet will require some effort, as is the case with any other animal. An aqua-terrarium with a picturesque bottom, clear water and healthy turtles is a beautiful sight, so you should not spare time for its arrangement.