In many aquariums, you can find small turtles, the size of which does not exceed 10 centimeters. Their maintenance does not require special conditions, since the aquarium for turtles is suitable for a small tank with a water level of up to 20 centimeters. Aquarium turtles love to walk along the bottom, but they do not have gills for breathing underwater, so they periodically need to rise to the surface for oxygen and the water level should not be too high. If the level is high, they simply will not be able to get to the surface in time and will die.
River sand with fine gravel is ideally suited as soil in an aquarium for various types of turtles, but most species can do without soil at all. It is advisable to place a couple of plants, as they will serve as additional food for turtles and decorate the habitat of your turtles. In addition, such an aquarium will look better.
Turtles like to actively pick soil in search of food or shelter, so they can damage your plants. To place them, you need to use pots, or even limit yourself to small floating plants. Such small turtles are constantly in the water, and on the shore appear only in the case of laying eggs.
Even if you will not breed them, make a small island of driftwood or stone. Put a lamp over the islet so that they can crawl ashore and bask in the sun. This is necessary because all turtles are cold-blooded and their mobility is very dependent on body temperature.
The correct aquarium for turtles should have a large bottom area, while height is not the main criterion, since most turtles have a water level of 15-20 centimeters, and an island above the water level is also needed in the aquarium. Most people contain turtles in the aquaterrariums, they have both land and water. The use of an additional heater in the form of a powerful incandescent lamp or infrared lamp is necessary for turtles.
Feeding aquarium turtles
In the natural environment, many species of turtles feed on various plants, fish or shellfish. It is difficult to feed them only with live food all year round, so you can use a mixture of shredded fish, shrimp and shellfish. Sometimes you can feed the turtles with small pieces of beef. In the summer, the use of only live food is encouraged. Snails are best suited to snatch with ease.
For most of their free time, turtles hunt and prey, so they definitely need live food that they can catch. In the absence of hunting, they can get bored and stop moving at all. Moreover, in live food a large amount of phosphorus and calcium, which is vital for turtles for the fortress of the shell. To do this, coral sand is added to the ground, grains of sand from which turtles often eat. Turtles living in captivity often have a softer shell, so you can sometimes add eggshells to the water, which is useful to them for the fortress of the shell.
Despite the importance of live food and meat in the diet of turtles, they must be fed with plant foods to replenish the body’s supply of vitamins. Turtles can sometimes be given lettuce, cabbage and other greens.
Aquarium turtles go to the toilet almost immediately after eating, so it’s best to use a different capacity for feeding. At first they will be against it, but from the time they will become comfortable. At least this way will save you from daily cleaning of the aquaterrarium, which over time will turn into a real dump. When properly maintained, turtles need to be fed only once a day, although they may need several hours to eat.
In a single aquarium for turtles, only a female and a male can get along. Two males will constantly conflict, and, in the end, only one individual will survive. A stronger male kills or seriously injures an adversary who soon dies. If you keep individuals of different sexes, it is sometimes necessary to take the female out of the aquarium, as the annoying male can get very tired of her.