Answers to the main questions that arise when feeding turtles: the size of the feed, its amount, temperature, what kind of food to give, where to feed, feeding.
Feed size: depending on the size of the reptile, the feed should be finely, medium or coarsely chopped. The size of one piece should be less than half the head of the turtle. Aquatic turtles tear large pieces with sharp claws, so they can be given larger food.
Feed amount: give the turtle as much food as it can eat in half an hour. Remember this amount and give it so much every time. Approximately the amount of food per feeding should be no more than half of the tortoise shell.
Food temperature and condition: room temperature (do not give food directly from the refrigerator or not completely thawed), the food is only raw (heat treatment is not allowed).
Frequency of feeding: young turtles up to 2 years of age (or up to 7 cm in length) are fed every day with a large amount of calcium in food, and adult turtles – 2-3 times a week. Perishable food can be left in the terrarium for no more than 2-3 hours.
What to feed: Do not feed turtles with only one type of food! Only mixes! Do not indulge in turtles – do not give them the most delicious and what they love most. If the turtle eats only one type of food, and refuses the other – offer it a mixture with “favorite” and “unloved” foods, or let it starve for a while (usually a few days is enough).
Even if the turtle eats something with appetite, this does not mean that it can be given to eat it (milk, bread, cheese).
How to give vitamins and calcium: Aquatic turtles should receive vitamins and calcium with nutritious food, land turtles vitamins and calcium should be given in powder. In the form of a liquid or tablets, vitamins and calcium should not be given. Vitamins and calcium are mixed with the food and give the turtle with hands or in a bowl. It is recommended to put cuttlefish bone (sepia) in the aquarium or terrarium, then turtles with a lack of calcium will gnaw off a piece of it from it, replenishing the balance.
Feed colors and palatability: The color of the feed may also play a role: turtles can distinguish colors well and prefer yellow, orange and red. If you add pumpkin, mango, oranges, melon, tomatoes, red pepper to the feed mixture (provided that the turtles are satisfied with the smell), the mixture will look more appetizing for them (sweet fruits can only be given to tropical turtles, not steppe).
Where to feed: For land turtles, food is placed in the trough, freshwater and sea – given with tweezers, throws into the water or laid on the shore near the water. Freshwater turtles should be taught to take food from the shore. Then it will pollute water less and vitamins and calcium can be added to it. You can also feed the turtles in a separate jade, basin or in the bathroom, planting from the aquarium for 1-2 hours. Then the water stays clean longer.
Top dressing: in addition to plant food, land turtles can be given alfalfa grass meal. Method of use: pour potable water at room temperature, mix with basic food (salad, fresh vegetables). It contains calcium, vitamins A, D, E, B1, B2, as well as various trace elements.
So that the water in the aquarium does not deteriorate: place the water turtles in a separate tank with aquarium water (jade), where you feed them. After feeding the turtles, they must be put back into their native aquarium, and the water from the container-feeder should be poured into the toilet.