Beginning animal lovers incorrectly believe that aquarium turtles can withstand any conditions, making a lot of mistakes when arranging their habitat. Being divided into land, sea and freshwater creatures, these reptiles have completely different habits, before buying an exotic pet, you need to study all the nuances of its behavior.
How to keep aquarium turtles?
Building houses of giant reptiles living in ocean waters is problematic. In the apartment, it is advisable to contain land species of creatures, their marsh counterparts or small reptiles that are used to the freshwater environment. Keeping turtles in an aquarium is not an extremely difficult task. Fans need to know the basic rules for selecting soil and a suitable container for pets, be able to maintain the correct water balance and acquire good feed.
How to equip an aquarium for turtles?
For a funny creature with a shell to please the owner of his company for ten years or more, you need to create suitable conditions for him. An ignorant approach leads to disappointment and the death of an acquired reptile in a short period. Saving money and buying low-quality small capacity in this issue is unacceptable. For the maintenance of large land creatures generally require enclosures whose dimensions exceed 250 liters.
What aquarium is needed for a turtle:
- To calculate the capacity, use the formula where the length of the aquarium is determined by multiplying the length of the reptile by 7. The width of the tank is approximately two times less than its length.
- A small or medium-sized turtle is suitable living space with sizes from 60x40x50 cm, and a large creature or several medium-sized reptiles need an aquaterrarium with a minimum size of 120x50x50 cm.
- The minimum size of the aquarium in width must exceed 2 lengths of the reptile shell.
- A capacity of 40 liters is suitable exclusively for babies; for them, they acquire a vessel of elongated horizontal shape with a height of 35 cm.
- Large are aquarium turtles, which have reached a length of 13 cm, which require a living space of 150 liters or more.
- Amphibian species of animals need a coastline for relaxation. Tanks are best suited, where water occupies 75% of the total volume, and the land area optimally corresponds to the size of the inhabitants with a shell.
- Aquarium turtles should not touch the bottom while swimming. It is advisable to equip a vessel with a pool depth of 20 cm.
Filter for aquarium turtles
This device is necessary when arranging a container where aquatic reptiles will live. Distinguish between external and internal filters. The design of the external filter resembles a canister with a pump that has been removed outside the tank. In its housing there are several compartments filled with filter medium. This device is connected to the aquatic environment of the aquarium using tubes. The advantage of external filters is that they do not occupy inside the usable area.
Internal filters are smaller and look more modest. They are equipped with pumps and a diffuser, coping well with cleaning the liquid. Water is filtered using a cartridge with a sponge, coal or other elements. The design is attached to the wall from the inside of the tank at different angles. If you are making a list of what a turtle needs in an aquarium, then the filter should be in it on the first lines.
Care for aquarium turtles
In aquariums and terrariums, there should be soil, an artificial pool, a lamp for illumination, ultraviolet lamps. The temperature of the environment in a warm corner reaches 30-40 degrees, depending on the type of reptile. Creatures from hot countries, like Libyan turtles, are extremely thermophilic. Ultraviolet light is important for small aquarium turtles, proper care and maintenance of which is impossible without vitamin D. UV lamps help the body absorb this element, and if it is deficient, animals suffer from curvature of the carapace and rickets.
Soil is made for water creatures from gravel and fine sand. Land aquarium turtles fit land from the garden without impurities and chemicals, a substrate of coconut. Reptiles often damage the roots of plants, you can plant them in pots or be limited to floating algae. Well decorated aquariums islets of stones and a decorative look of driftwood.
How to feed aquarium turtles?
In the question of what aquarium turtles eat, they are not particularly demanding. Land creatures eat juicy and dry vegetation, pieces of vegetables, fruits, slugs, caught insects. In aquariums they are offered leaves of fruit trees and grapes, a salad, dandelions with alfalfa and clover. Aquatic reptile species eat shellfish, shrimp, snails, and pieces of beef. In addition to live food, sea turtles need plant foods. salad, cabbage and greens. Include vitamin supplements and minerals, eggshells, bone meal in your pet’s food.
Types of aquarium turtles
There are hundreds of types of reptiles of various sizes that have a shell. Some have chosen the open spaces for life and amaze with their size, others live on the continents in fresh waters, sand and swamps. Aquarium turtles are species of creatures that are best suited for captivity. The many years of experience of most lovers of exotic animals suggests that land and freshwater reptiles require the special environmental conditions least of all.
Sea turtle in aquarium
Common types of turtles for a saltwater aquarium:
- chinese trionics – reptile with a weight of up to 4.5 kg and the size of individual individuals up to 40 cm;
- matamata (fringed). creature weight up to 15 kg, requires spacious aquariums with 250 l;
- red-eared bug – It has dimensions acceptable for home up to 30 cm, so it is the most popular and widespread view among amateurs;
- musk turtles – exclusively water creatures, almost not requiring land, up to 13.5 cm in size.
Aquarium Land Turtles
Creating and maintaining a high-quality aquarium for a land tortoise is simple, the main condition is that the size of the tank must correspond to the size of the acquired reptile. It is advisable to buy a tank with a margin, choosing it “for growth” 2 or 6 times more spacious than what is required for the baby at the moment. It is undesirable to use thermal mats for heating reptiles, heat generation from below is harmful to the pet’s body. It is better to install a simple glow plug by adjusting the temperature to the height of the lighting fixture relative to the ground.
Popular land aquarium turtles:
- Central Asian turtles;
- Mediterranean types of turtles (Armenian, Libyan, Iranian, Moroccan and others);
- star turtle (imported from Sri Lanka and Hindustan);
- toothed turtle (a guest from the South American forests);
- leopard (panther) turtle.
Swamp turtle in aquarium
The appearance of this reptile is not too bright, but it perfectly lives in an artificial environment, without causing big problems for the owners. The carapace of the Sicilian subspecies of reptiles is yellow-green, and animals from Europe and America are predominantly black. Breeding aquarium turtles of swamp species is not difficult. In nature, they eat woodlice, frogs, fish, various larvae, and aquatic plants. Salad, duckweed or cabbage is eaten mainly by adults.
Aquarium turtles that live with fish
Keeping reptiles together with fish is troublesome. Many of their species are predators, eating small living creatures in their habitat. In addition, reptiles require a special land area, which other water creatures do not need. An exception is a smart two-clawed (pig-hunting) turtle; in a tank with large fish it behaves normally. She eats plant foods, squid meat, small fish not fatty varieties. Arranging the islet the pig-turtle does not require.